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Nixon

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Nixon s America – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Nixon


1
Nixons America
2
The 1968 Election
  • Nixon squeaked by Humphrey Wallace, vowed to
    represent Middle America and the Silent Majority

3
New Federalism
  • Believed US had tired of LBJs Great Society
  • However, also believed the Govnt could fix
    social ills if it gave more power to the states
    to use locally
  • Revenue Sharing

4
Expanding Government Power
  • Occupational Safety Health Admin (OSHA)
    regulated the workplace
  • EPA created
  • Clean Air Act
  • DEA created
  • Medicare grew

5
Problems From LBJs Economy
  • Cost of Vietnam Gt. Society came due for Nixon
    to pay back
  • Inflation recession coupled to create
    Stagflation
  • Foreign competition further hurts economy

6
The Oil Crisis - OPEC
  • 1973- Yom Kippur War causes Arabs to ban together
    to create OPEC
  • Embargo oil sales to Israels allies
  • Oil jumps 400
  • Lines at gas pump

7
A Flawed Nixon Response
  • Aug, 1971, places 90 day price freeze on wages
    and prices
  • Price controls cause economic tailspin through
    mid-1970s

iCue Energy Crisis of 1973
8
Why did this Happen? Govnt Interference Uh oh,
economics
  • High prices signal business to produce more out
    of self interest
  • Price Wage controls make it not worth the time
    for business to produce and ship more
  • Causes shortages for the consumer (more gas lines)

9
Massive Social UpheavalRoe v. Wade
  • 1973 -Burger Court rules for abortions
  • Highly controversial, still hotly debated

iCue 30 Years After Roe v Wade
10
Nixons Impact on Politics and Society
  • Southern Strategy
  • Target white southerners blue- collar workers,
    both traditional Dems.
  • Plan to control national politics for years to
    come for Repub Party

11
Southern Strategy
Go for the Dixiecrats- Democrats against civil
rights.South Historically pro Democrat
First President since Truman to openly go against
Civil Rights Tried to weaken Civil Rights Act
Against forced busing.
12
Civil Rights Under Nixon, A Mixed Bag
  • 1971- Supreme Court mandates busing to integrate
    schools
  • Nixon speaks out, issues moratorium
  • VERY popular move all over US

13
The Philadelphia Plan
  • Required labor unions Fed. Contractors to hire
    minorities
  • First form of affirmative action
  • Wants to ensure equal opportunity

14
Nixon Triumphant
iCue Nixon Bio
  • Nixons 1972 Election
  • Peace in Vietnam, Men on the moon, represents the
    common man, strong on crime, middle way on civil
    rights, popular over China USSR, Environment...
  • LANDSLIDE VICTORY

15
(No Transcript)
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