Second International Seville Seminar on Future-Oriented Technology Analysis (FTA): Impacts on policy and decision making 28th- 29th September 2006 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Second International Seville Seminar on Future-Oriented Technology Analysis (FTA): Impacts on policy and decision making 28th- 29th September 2006

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Title: Slide 1 Author: Tennessee Witney Last modified by: KONTVL Created Date: 8/23/2006 1:41:01 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show Company – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Second International Seville Seminar on Future-Oriented Technology Analysis (FTA): Impacts on policy and decision making 28th- 29th September 2006


1
Second International Seville Seminar on
Future-Oriented Technology Analysis (FTA)
Impacts on policy and decision making28th- 29th
September 2006
Towards an Integrated Framework of Impact
Assessment and Foresight Studies in Innovation
Policy Analysis
Torsti Loikkanen and Annele Eerola, VTT
Innovation Studies Pirjo Kutinlahti, Ministry of
Trade and Industry Finland
2
Outline
  • Definition of innovation policy studies (by
    VTT-IS)
  • Future challenges of innovation policy e.g.
  • Rationales of public RD funding and innovation
    policy
  • Towards comprehensive framework of innovation
    policy and related policy studies
  • Integration of the past, present and future in
    innovation policy studies
  • Timeline of impact assessment what we measure,
    when?
  • From ex-post evaluation towards strategic
    foresight of the future
  • Integrated IP research agenda of VTT-IS
  • Conclusions

3
Definition of innovation policy (IP) studies by
VTT Innovation Studies
Multidisciplinary and future-oriented research
of innovations, factors and actors affecting
them, and their socio-economic impacts, the aim
of which is to support strategic choices and
decisions of national and EU innovation
policy-makers and through this way to contribute
to welfare
Source VTT Innovation Studies
4
Future challenges of IP e.g.
  • Changing global dynamics of enterprise innovation
  • Towards product-to-service innovations, open
    innovations
  • Global mobility of scientists and utilization of
    knowledge and RD
  • Challenge by Asian big developing economies from
    low cost advantages to growing markets and
    attractive ST systems
  • Competitiveness of European innovation system,
    ERA
  • Towards entrepreneurial science community, new
    governance of science, Mode 2, 3rd mission of
    universities..
  • Towards horizontal innovation policy
  • Challenges of global public goods (or bads) to
    research need of global ST collaboration

5
Rationales for Public Research Funding and IP
  • Areas where markets fail in socioeconomic problem
    solving areas with socio-economic importance
    in which markets function imperfectly (public /
    common goods, e.g. health care, environmental
    protection, defense, education, science and
    research, and
  • respective infrastructure areas socially
    important infrastructures and public good areas,
    such as transportation, energy, but also
  • science and innovation infrastructure
    creation, maintenance and financing of education
    and research infrastructure or innovation
    system supporting education, basic research,
    (re)training
  • Areas requiring long time horizon of RD areas
    of imperfect markets such as environmental
    protection...
  • Areas requiring critical RD mass and expenses
    critical mass and big size of RD facilities
    such as aeronautical and space research (e.g.
    CERN, EBML)
  • Welfare through competitiveness Government RD
    funding can be justified for boosting economic
    growth in order to enhance national
    competitiveness and consequent improvements to
    economic and social welfare in through income and
    wealth creation, improved employment, etc
  • RD schemes for SMEs most companies are SMEs
    with limited RD resources but important for
    economy and employment giving legitimacy to
    public RD funding schemes

Source Loikkanen and Kutinlahti 2005.
6
Towards comprehensive framework of IP and related
policy studies
Source Loikkanen and Kutinlahti 2005.
7
Integration of the past, present and future in IP
studies
Source VTT Innovation Studies
8
Timeline of impact assessment what we measure,
when?
Source Tassey 1997
9
From ex-post evaluation towards strategic
foresight of the future
  • Convergence of impact assessment (IA) and
    technology foresight (TF)
  • IA from traditional ex-post evaluation towards
    interactive learning process supporting strategic
    orientation towards the future.
  • TF interactive learning process determined by
    path-dependent past and accumulation and sharing
    of future-oriented knowledge.
  • Modern IA (rather than only assessing past
    success of RD efforts) will generate ideas and
    perspectives for improving policy implementation
    and formulating novel approaches in the future
    (especially organization based IA evaluation).
  • Within this context future prospects of such
    exercises are promising in offering high-level
    research services to national, Nordic and
    European customers in public and private sectors.

10
Integrated IP research agenda of VTT-IS
Source VTT Innovation Studies
11
Conclusions
  • TF processes too separated from other key phases
    of innovation policy-making i.e. shall be more
    integrated.
  • Proposed framework IP as systemic entity,
    supporting governance, implementation and
    development of IP making.
  • IA and TF have converging characteristics
    especially with respect to learning from past for
    the future (especially organizational IA).
  • The interaction of knowledge flows of IA and TF
    serves the needs of policy learning and strategic
    intelligence, facilitating actors to foresee and
    plan for advancing innovation system dynamics and
    functioning.
  • The globalization key challenge to IP and
    underlying policy rationale, the framework may
    support the response this challenge.
  • In IP studies community proposed approach
    provides closer collaboration culture between
    experts of IA and TF studies.
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