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El presente perfecto

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Title: El presente perfecto


1
El presente perfecto
2
Qué es el presente perfecto?
  • The present perfect is formed by combining a
    helping verb (have or has) with the past
    participle

3
Por ejemplo
  • For example
  • I have played tennis.
  • She has sung at weddings.
  • We have flown in a plane.

4
Para formar in inglés
  • To form the present PERFECT we combine the
    helping verb have/has with a past participle
  • For example, I have been a lifeguard.
  • I is the subject
  • have is the helping verb
  • been is the past participle

5
Para formar en español
  • In Spanish we form the present PERFECT by
    combining the present tense of the verb haber
    (the helping verb, or el verbo auxiliar) with a
    past participle
  • For example
  • Yo he bailado.
  • I have danced.
  • Nosotros no hemos estudiado para el examen.
  • We havent studied for the test.

6
The present tense of haber
he hemos
has habéis
ha han
7
Remember
  • How to form the past participle
  • For ar verbs, take the stem of the verb and add
    ado
  • Example comprar ? comprado
  • For er and ir verbs, take the stem of the verb
    and add ido
  • Example tener ? tenido

8
Para formar
  • Here are the present perfect forms of estudiar

he estudiado hemos estudiado
has estudiado habéis estudiado
ha estudiado han estudiado
9
Para formar
  • As you can see I have combined the present forms
    of haber (the helping verbs)

he hemos
has habéis
ha han
10
  • with the past participle of estudiar

he hemos
has habéis
ha han
estudiado estudiado
estudiado estudiado
estudiado estudiado
11
Now you try
On a sheet of paper, see if you can figure out
the present perfect forms for the verb hablar




12
Is this what you came up with?

he hablado hemos hablado
has hablado habéis hablado
ha hablado han hablado
13
Now lets try an er verb
  • See if you can come up with the present perfect
    forms for comer




14
  • Is this what you came up with?

he comido hemos comido
has comido habéis comido
ha comido han comido
15
  • Lets try another onesee if you can come up
    with the present perfect tense of ir




16
  • Is this what you came up with?

he ido hemos ido
has ido habéis ido
ha ido han ido
17
  • Many of you may have assumed that ir had an
    irregular past participle. But ir is actually
    regular in this tense. Here are some verbs that
    are irregular in the past participle

18
Not exactly irregular but
  • -er and ir verbs whose stems end in a vowel
    have past participles ending in ído
  • caer ? caído creer ? creído
  • leer ? leído oír ? oído
  • reír ? reído traer ? traído

19
Irregulars
  • The following verbs have completely irregular
    past participles
  • abrir ? abierto cubrir ? cubierto
  • descubrir ? descubierto escribir ? escrito
  • morir ? muerto poner ? puesto
  • romper ? roto ver ? visto
  • volver ? vuelto decir ? dicho
  • hacer ? hecho

20
Practiquemos!
  • See if you can form the correct present perfect
    using the subject and verb given.
  • Modelo yo / decidir / ir al cine ? He decidido
    ir al cine.
  • 1. Gonzalo / correr / 3 millas
  • Ha corrido 3 millas.
  • 2. Marta y yo / jugar / el tenis
  • Hemos jugado el tenis.
  • 3. Tu y tus amigos / contar / chistes
  • Han contado chistes. (habéis contado chistes)

21
  • 4. Yo / abrir / la puerta
  • He abierto la puerta.
  • 5. Mi padre / hacer / un pastel para mi
    cumple Ha hecho un pastel para mi cumple.
  • 6. Tus abuelos / decir / la verdad
  • Han dicho la verdad.
  • 7. Tu / escribir / una carta a tu amigo
  • Tu le has escrito una carta a tu amigo.
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