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Understanding Agri-science and Technology

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Title: Understanding Agri-science and Technology


1
Lesson 1
  • Understanding Agri-science and Technology

2
Common Core/Next Generation Science Standards
Addressed!
  • MS-LS2-1. Analyze and interpret data to provide
    evidence for the effects of resource availability
    on organisms and populations of organisms in an
    ecosystem. Clarification Statement Emphasis is
    on cause and effect relationships between
    resources and growth of individual organisms and
    the numbers of organisms in ecosystems during
    periods of abundant and scarce resources.
  • RST.6-8.1 Cite specific textual evidence to
    support analysis of science and technical texts.
    (MS-LS1-3)
  • WHST.6-8.1 Write arguments focused on discipline
    content. (MS-LS1-3)
  • WHST.6-8.8 Gather relevant information from
    multiple print and digital sources assess the
    credibility of each source and quote or
    paraphrase the data and conclusions of others
    while avoiding plagiarism and providing basic
    bibliographic information for sources. (MS-LS1-8)

3
Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources Standards
Addressed!
  • BS.01.03. Analyze the relationship and
    implications of bioethics, laws and public
    perceptions on applications of biotechnology in
    agriculture (e.g., ethical, legal, social,
    cultural issues).
  • Sample Measurement The following sample
    measurement strands are provided to guide the
    development of measurable activities (at
    different levels of proficiency) to assess
    students attainment of knowledge and skills
    related to the above performance indicator. The
    topics represented by each strand are not
    all-encompassing.
  • BS.01.03.01.a. Research and summarize the
    emergence, evolution and implications of
    bioethics associated with biotechnology in
    agriculture.

4
Bell Work!
5
Interest Approach

Ask students to define agri-science,
agriculture, and technology. Record some of the
more common definitions on the classroom writing
surface. Use the definitions as a basis for a
discussion of the role that the sciences and
their practical use play in providing students
with food, clothing, and shelter. Ask the class
to provide examples of the use of science and
technology in various agricultural practices.
6
Student Learning Objectives
  • 1. Explain the meaning of agriscience and
    technology.
  • 2. Identify the major areas of agriscience
  • 3. Explain the benefits of research in new areas
    of agriscience.

7
Terms
  • Agriscience
  • Agronomy
  • Aquaculture
  • Biotechnology
  • Entomology
  • Environmental science
  • Forestry
  • Genetic engineering
  • Horticulture
  • Life science
  • Mathematics
  • Mechanical technology
  • Olericulture
  • Ornamental horticulture
  • Physical science
  • Pomology

8
Terms
  • Precision farming
  • Remote sensing
  • Social science
  • Technology

9
What are Agriscience and Technology?
  • Agriscience and technology are extremely
    important in the ability to produce more plants
    and animals to meet the increasing world
    population.

10
What are Agriscience and Technology?
  • A. Agriscience is the use of science in producing
    food, fiber, and shelter. It involves four major
    areas of science.

11
What are Agriscience and Technology?
  • 1. Mathematics is the science of numbers.

12
What are Agriscience and Technology?
  • 2. Physical science is the study of nonliving
    matter. Examples include chemistry and physics.

13
What are Agriscience and Technology?

3. Life science is the study of living things.
This is also commonly referred to as biology.
14
What are Agriscience and Technology?
  • 4. Social science is the study of human
    behavior. Examples include psychology and
    sociology.

15
What are Agriscience and Technology?
  • B. Technology is the practical use of science. In
    this definition, the word practical is stressed.
    Technology deals with putting science to good use.

16
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17
What are the Major Areas of Agriscience?
  • Agriscience is made up of several areas of
    applied science (science in action).

18
What are the Major Areas of Agriscience?
  • A. Agronomy is the study of plants and how they
    relate to soil. It deals with the production of
    crops and grasses and the improvement and
    conservation of soil.

19
What are the Major Areas of Agriscience?
  • B. Horticulture is the science of growing plants
    for food, comfort, and beauty.
  • 1. Ornamental horticulture involves growing and
    using plants for their beauty. It includes
    floriculture, landscape horticulture, and
    interiorscaping.
  • 2. Food crop production involves two main areas
  • A. Olericulture is the growing of vegetables.
  • B. Pomology is the production of fruits and
    nuts.

20
What are the Major Areas of Agriscience?
  • C. Forestry is the science of growing and using
    trees.
  • D. Entomology is the branch of zoology that deals
    with insects and related small animals.
  • E. Animal science is the study of the production
    of animals for food.

21
What are the Major Areas of Agriscience?
  • F. Poultry science is concerned with raising
    chickens and related fowl, like pheasants, ducks,
    and emu.
  • G. Aquaculture is the science of farming in
    water. It deals with growing both plants and
    animals.

22
What are the Major Areas of Agriscience?
  • H. Environmental science involves ways of wisely
    using and protecting the things around us.
    Emphasis is on natural resources.
  • I. Mechanical technology is the use of machines
    and equipment to do work.

23
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24
What role does research play in merging areas of
Agriscience?
  • Research in agriscience is providing exciting
    results for both consumers and producers. It is
    allowing producers to raise more plants and
    animals with fewer inputs.

25
What role does research play in merging areas of
Agriscience?
  • A. Biotechnology involves using biology to
    develop new products or processes. Examples
    include new vaccines for the protection of
    animals and the development of waste-eating
    bacteria that protect the environment.

26
What role does research play in merging areas of
Agriscience?
  • B. Genetic engineering is an advanced form of
    biotechnology. It involves changing the nature of
    living organisms. Through genetic engineering,
    crops that resist insect damage have been
    developed.

27
What role does research play in merging areas of
Agriscience?
  • C. Precision farming is using cropping practices
    that improve yields based on the needs of the
    land. It allows crop inputs to be more closely
    controlled.

28
What role does research play in merging areas of
Agriscience?
D. Remote sensing allows data to be gathered and
recorded from great distances. This technology
enables better detection of crop diseases and
improved weather forecasting.
29
What role does research play in merging areas of
Agriscience?
  • E. New areas of agriscience have raised issues
    that previously did not have to be de-bated. Some
    of these issues include
  • 1. Food safety
  • 2. Pollution
  • 3. Human rights
  • 4. Conservation of resources

30
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31
Review/Summary
  • What are the major areas of agriscience?
  • What role does research play in merging areas of
    agriscience?
  • What areas of agriscience have raised issues?
  • How does technology influence agriculture?

32
The End!
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