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Title: THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST (Part 5)


1
THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST(Part 5)
  • Matt. 2818-20

By Ron Halbrook
2
THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST
  • Introduction
  • 1. Matt. 2818-20 Christ proclaimed his
    authority we must submit to receive salvation

3
THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST
Matt. 2818-20 18 And Jesus came and spake unto
them, saying, All power is given unto me in
heaven and in earth. 19 Go ye therefore, and
teach all nations, baptizing them in the
name of the Father, and of
the Son, and of the Holy Ghost 20 Teaching them
to observe all things whatsoever
I have commanded you
and, lo, I am with you alway,
even unto the end
of the world. Amen.
4
THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST
  • Introduction
  • 2. To understand apply the authority of
    Christ
  • I. Authority of Christ Expressed in Scripture
  • II. Authority of Christ as Savior
  • III. Authority of Christ in Local Church
  • IV. Gradual Departures from the Authority of
    Christ
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

5
THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ
  • A. Catholic Corruption Sparked Reforms
    in 1400s-1500s
  • Popes exercise political power church full of
    ignorance, greed, immorality

6
THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ
  • A. Catholic Corruption Sparked Reforms
    in 1400s-1500s
  • Indulgence transfer merits of Christ, Mary,
    saintsremit penalties for sin on earth
    in purgatory
  • For the living the dead
  • Granted if visit saints relics, pay

7
  • Indulgence transfer merits of Christ, Mary,
    saintsremit penalties on earth, in
    purgatory
  • Pope Leo X offered plenary indulgence (total
    pardon) to raise money
    for St. Peters Basilica in 1517
  • Johann Tetzel in Germany
    As soon as the coin in the coffer rings, The
    soul from purgatory springs

8
  • Indulgence transfer merits of Christ, Mary,
    saintsremit penalties on earth, in
    purgatory
  • Inexpensive indulgence 10 days
    In the authority of all the saints
    I absolve thee from all sins
    remit all punishment for ten
    days
  • More expensive 1,902,202 years

9
THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ
  • A. Catholic Corruption Sparked Reforms
    in 1400s-1500s
  • In Germany in 1517 Martin Luther wrote 95
    theses for debate,
    challenged Popes authority,
    was declared an outlaw

10
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ
  • A. Catholic Corruption Sparked Reforms
    in 1400s-1500s
  • Bible translated into common languages
  • John Wycliffe, morning star of reform complete
    English Bible 1382

11
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ
  • A. Catholic Corruption Sparked Reforms
    in 1400s-1500s
  • Bible translated into common languages
  • Gutenberg printed Latin Bible 1455

12
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ
  • A. Catholic Corruption Sparked Reforms
    in 1400s-1500s
  • Bible translated into common languages
  • Luther N.T. 1520, complete Bible 1534

13
  • Bible translated into common languages
  • William Tyndale if God spare my life, ere
    many years I will cause a boy
    that driveth a plough shall know more of
    the Scriptures than he the Pope did (1521)

Pope Leo X
14
  • Bible translated into common languages
  • King James I Commission scholars 1604, 47
    men begin 1607,
    Authorized Version or KJV published 1611 (N.T.
    90 Tyndales 1534)

15
THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ
  • B. Efforts to Reform Catholicism,
    Return to New Testament Teaching
  • In Germany Martin Luther a priest wrote 95 theses
    for debate in 1517,
    excommunicated 1520-21 Philip
    Melanchthon wrote Augsburg
    Confession 1530 origin of Lutheran
    Church

16
THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ
  • B. Efforts to Reform Catholicism,
    Return to New Testament Teaching
  • In Switzerland Ulrich Zwingli a priest left
    Catholicism in Zurich 1522-25
    origin of Reformed
    Presbyterian Churches

17
THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ
  • B. Efforts to Reform Catholicism,
    Return to New Testament Teaching
  • In France John Calvin studied priesthood law
    Institutes of the Christian Religion 1536
    led Geneva, Swizlerland
    origin of Reformed
    Presbyterian Churches

18
THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ
  • B. Efforts to Reform Catholicism,
    Return to New Testament Teaching
  • In England King Henry VIII declared Defender of
    the Faith by Pope Leo X for opposing Luther
    Henry made the Church of
    England independent in 1534
    to secure marriage to Anne Boleyn

19
THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ
  • B. Efforts to Reform Catholicism,
    Return to New Testament Teaching
  • In Europe Anabaptist movements reform ferment
    by lower classes Menno
    Simons priest in Netherlands, immersed 1536
    Grebel, Hutter,
    Hoffman, Hut, etc. origin of Mennonites, Amish,
    Church of the Brethren
    Baptists from John Smyth in Holland 1607

20
THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ
  • C. Reformers Severely Persecuted
    by Catholicism, Wars Fought
  • Reformers protest persecution Protestant
    Reformation
  • Declared outlaws, arrested, tortured, Bibles
    burned, executed
  • Great struggle seeking to find follow the
    authority of Christ

21
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ
  • D. Reformers Struggle with How to Apply Bible
    Authority
  • Struggle to clarify restoration principle
    of 1 Pet. 411

1 Peter 411 11 If any man speak,

let him speak as the oracles of God
if any man minister,

let him do it as of the ability which God
giveth that God in all things may be glorified
through Jesus Christ, to
whom be praise and dominion
for ever and ever. Amen.
22
RESTORATION PRINCIPLE (1 Peter 411)
What is not authorized is forbidden What is not forbidden Is authorized
ZWINGLI LUTHER
Reject what the Bible did not enjoin Accept what the Bible did not prohibit
What the Bible does not command we may not do We may do what the Bible does not forbid
Oppose images, crosses, organs, choirs, clerical dress, etc. Embrace images, crosses, organs, choirs, clerical dress, etc.
VS
R.H. Bainton, The Church of Our Fathers, pp.
143-144
23
THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ
  • D. Reformers Struggle with How to Apply Bible
    Authority
  • Luthers looser view prevailed
  • Denominations multiplied

24
DENOMINATIONS
606 Rome Boniface III Roman Catholic
1520 Germany Martin Luther Lutheran
1534 England Henry VIII Episcopal
1536 Switzerland John Calvin Presbyterian
1550 England Robert Browne Congregational
1607 Holland John Smythe Baptist
1739 England John Wesley Methodist
1830 America Joseph Smith Mormon
1830 America William Miller Adventists
1866 America Mary B. Eddy Christian Science
1872 America Charles Russell Jehovahs Witness
25
THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ
  • D. Reformers Struggle with How to Apply Bible
    Authority
  • Denominations multiplied
  • David Barrett, World Christian Encyclopedia
    (2001) 33,000
  • World Christian Database (Gordon-Conwell
    Theological Seminary) track 9,000 denominations
    Jan. 2008

26
THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ
  • E. Basic Doctrines of Denominations Prevent
    True Restoration
  • Additions to Bible Authority Rev. 2218-19

27
  • Additions to Bible Authority Rev. 2218-19

Rev. 2218-19 18 For I testify unto every man
that heareth the words of the
prophecy of this book,
If any man shall add unto these things,
God shall add unto him the plagues
that are written in this
book 19 And if any man shall take away from the
words of the book of this prophecy,
God shall take away
his part out of the book of life, and out of the
holy city,
and from the things which are
written in this book.
28
THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ
  • E. Basic Doctrines of Denominations Prevent
    True Restoration
  • Additions to Bible Authority Rev. 2218-19
  • Human creeds
  • Headquarters, hierarchy, councils, officers
  • New revelations
  • Illumination of the Holy Spirit

29
THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ
  • E. Basic Doctrines of Denominations Prevent
    True Restoration
  • Salvation by faith only Ja. 224

Ja. 224 24 Ye see then how that by works a man
is justified, and not by faith only.
30
THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ
  • E. Basic Doctrines of Denominations Prevent
    True Restoration
  • Salvation by faith only Ja. 224
  • Baptism not essential
  • Allow departures from Bible pattern work,
    worship, organization of church
  • Ungodly living not affect salvation

31
THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ
  • E. Basic Doctrines of Denominations Prevent
    True Restoration
  • Direct operation of Holy Spirit Rom. 116

Rom. 116 16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel
of Christ for it is the power of God unto
salvation to every
one that believeth
to the Jew first, and also to the
Greek.
32
THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ
  • E. Basic Doctrines of Denominations Prevent
    True Restoration
  • Direct operation of Holy Spirit Rom. 116
  • Declare the word dead, cold, powerless
  • Claim power for salvation, 2nd work of grace
  • Claim miracles today
  • Claim new revelations, illuminations, miraculous
    guidance
  • Deny all-sufficient power of original gospel!

33
THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ
  • F. Restoration Plea Return to the Authority
    of Christ by Return to His Original Teaching
  • Many seek remedy for denominationalism, return to
    original gospel of Christ 1790-1850
  • Speak as oracles of God 1 Pet. 411

34
  • Speak as oracles of God 1 Pet. 411

1 Peter 411 11 If any man speak,

let him speak as the oracles of God
if any man minister,

let him do it as of the ability which God
giveth that God in all things may be glorified
through Jesus Christ, to
whom be praise and dominion
for ever and ever. Amen.
35
THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ
  • F. Restoration Plea Return to the Authority
    of Christ by Return to His Original Teaching
  • Many seek remedy for denominationalism, return to
    original gospel of Christ 1790-1850
  • Speak as oracles of God 1 Pet. 411
  • Speak where the Bible speaks
    Bible authority for all we preach practice
  • Be silent where the Bible is silent
    silence of Scripture prohibits

36
THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ
  • F. Restoration Plea Return to the Authority
    of Christ by Return to His Original Teaching
  • Many seek remedy for denominationalism, return to
    original gospel of Christ 1790-1850
  • Speak as oracles of God 1 Pet. 411
  • Give Book, chapter, verse
  • Call Bible things by Bible names,
    do Bible things in Bible ways

37
THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ
  • F. Restoration Plea Return to the Authority
    of Christ by Return to His Original Teaching
  • Ask for the old paths Jer. 616

Jer. 616 16 Thus saith the LORD,
Stand ye in the
ways, and see,
and ask for the old paths,
where is the good way,
and
walk therein,
and ye shall find rest
for your souls. But they
said, We will not walk therein.
38
THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ
  • F. Restoration Plea Return to the Authority
    of Christ by Return to His Original Teaching
  • What saith the Scriptures? Rom. 43

Rom. 43 3 For what saith the scripture?
Abraham believed God,

and it was counted unto him for
righteousness.
39
THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ
  • F. Restoration Plea Return to the Authority
    of Christ by Return to His Original Teaching
  • Christ only head of church Eph. 122-23

Eph. 122-23 22 And hath put all things under
his feet, and gave him to be the head over
all things to the church, 23 Which is
his body,
the fulness of him that filleth all in all.
40
THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ
  • F. Restoration Plea Return to the Authority
    of Christ by Return to His Original Teaching
  • Bible only as our guide 2 Tim. 316-17

2 Tim. 316-17 16 All scripture is given by
inspiration of God, and is profitable for
doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for
instruction in righteousness 17 That the man of
God may be perfect, throughly furnished unto all
good works.
41
THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ
  • F. Restoration Plea Return to the Authority
    of Christ by Return to His Original Teaching
  • New Testament pattern of faith
    practice in all things 2 Tim. 113

2 Tim. 113 13 Hold fast the form of sound
words, which thou hast heard of me,
in faith and love
which is in Christ Jesus.
42
THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ
  • F. Restoration Plea Return to the Authority
    of Christ by Return to His Original Teaching
  • Christians only Acts 1126

Acts 1126 26 And when he had found him,
he brought him unto
Antioch.
And it came to pass, that a whole year
they assembled themselves
with the church, and
taught much people.

And the disciples were called Christians first in
Antioch.
43
THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ
  • F. Restoration Plea Return to the Authority
    of Christ by Return to His Original Teaching
  • Early efforts in Europe British Isles
    in 1700s-early 1800s
    Robert Sandeman, Robert Haldane,
    J.A. Haldane (Social Worship,
    1805)
  • Fruitful efforts in U.S. New England, middle
    colonies, early western frontier, southern states

44
THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ
  • G. Restoration Plea Spread Widely in America
  • Middle states James OKelley
    Rice Haggard leave Methodist 1793-1801
  • Christ only head, Christian only name, Bible
    only creed

45
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ
  • G. Restoration Plea Spread Widely in America
  • New England Elias Smith leave Baptist 1802-1803
  • Christians Journal (1805),
    Herald of Gospel Liberty (1808)

46
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47
THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ
  • G. Restoration Plea Spread Widely in America
  • Kentucky frontier Barton W. Stone leaves
    Presbyterian 1803

48
  • G. Restoration Plea Spread Widely in America
  • Kentucky frontier Barton W. Stone leaves
    Presbyterian 1803
  • 1801 Great Revival at Cane Ridge, KY audience
    10,000-20,000 weaken Calvinism

49
  • Kentucky frontier Barton W. Stone leaves
    Presbyterian 1803
  • 1804 Last Will Testament of the Springfield
    Presbytery take the Bible
    as the only sure guide to
    heaven
  • John Smith at Lexington, KY unity meeting
    Dec. 25, 1831-Jan. 1, 1832
    Let usbe no longer
    Campbellites or Stoneites, New Lights or Old
    Lights,
    or any other kind of lights,
    but let us
    come to the Bible and the Bible alone, as the
    only book in the world
    that can give us all the light we need.

50
THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ
  • G. Restoration Plea Spread Widely in America
  • Western Pennsylvania Thomas
    Alexander Campbell plead for restoration

51
THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ
  • G. Restoration Plea Spread Widely in America
  • Western Pennsylvania Thomas
    Alexander Campbell plead for restoration
  • 1808 leave Presbyterian, work with Baptists
  • 1808 T. Campbell
    Where the Bible speaks, we speak
    where the Bible is silent, we are silent.
    If infant baptism not found in the
    Scriptures, we can have nothing to do with it

52
THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ
  • G. Restoration Plea Spread Widely in America
  • Western Penn. Vir. Thomas
    Alexander Campbell plead for restoration
  • 1809 Declaration Address
    the Church of Christ will resume
    its original unity,
    peace, purity if we adopt the practice of the
    primitive Church, expressly exhibited in the New
    Testament

53
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ
  • G. Restoration Plea Spread Widely in America
  • Western Penn. Vir. Thomas
    Alexander Campbell plead for restoration
  • Brush Run Church, Washington County, PA formed
    1810, later join Baptist association
  • June 12, 1812 Campbells immersed
    into Christ not Baptist Church

54
  • Distinguished Old New Covenants
  • How few among the teachers
    of the New Testament seem to know
    that Christs ministers
    are not able ministers of the Old
    Testament, but of the New!
    Do they notrun to Moses to prove
    forms of worship, ordinances,
    discipline, and government in the
    Christian Church, when asked to
    account for their practices? (Alexander letter
    1812)
  • Sermon on The Law
    (1816 Redstone Baptist Association)

55
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ
  • G. Restoration Plea Spread Widely in America
  • Western Penn. Vir. Thomas
    Alexander Campbell plead for restoration
  • Gospel spread via journals debates
  • 1830 dissolve Mahoning Baptist Association
  • Great harvest as thousands converted, but
    opposed as cult, Campbellites, etc.

56
THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ
  • G. Restoration Plea Spread Widely in America
  • Western Reserve (Ohio) Walter Scott left
    Presbyterian, baptized 1819 in Pittsburg, PA
  • Five finger exercise faith, repentance, baptism,
    remission of sins, gift of Holy Spirit

57
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ
  • G. Restoration Plea Spread Widely in America
  • Southern states (Georgia) Christian Herman
    Dasher left Lutheran, baptized 1819
  • Dasher S.C. Dunning (former Baptist)
    in Savannah baptized each other

58
THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ
  • H. Restoration Plea Put into Practice
  • The Great Commission Matt. 2818-20

59
THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST
Matt. 2818-20 18 And Jesus came and spake unto
them, saying, All power is given unto me in
heaven and in earth. 19 Go ye therefore, and
teach all nations, baptizing them in the
name of the Father, and of
the Son, and of the Holy Ghost 20 Teaching them
to observe all things whatsoever
I have commanded you
and, lo, I am with you alway,
even unto the end
of the world. Amen.
60
THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ
  • H. Restoration Plea Put into Practice
  • The Great Commission Matt. 2818-20
  • Facts to believe death, burial,
    resurrection of Christ
  • Commands to obey believe, repent, confess
    Christ, be immersed in water
  • Promises to embrace remission of sins, hope of
    eternal life

61
THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ
  • H. Restoration Plea Put into Practice
  • Work of the Church Matt. 2818-20
  • Preach the gospel 1 Tim. 315
  • Worship God, edify saints 1 Cor. 1426
  • Benevolence to needy saints Acts 61

62
THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ
  • H. Restoration Plea Put into Practice
  • Worship of the Church Matt. 2818-20
  • 1st Day of the week Lords Supper Acts 207
  • 1st Day of the week Give 1 Cor. 162
  • Pray Acts 242
  • Teach Acts 242
  • Sing Eph. 519

63
THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ
  • H. Restoration Plea Put into Practice
  • Organization of the Church Matt. 2818-20
  • Leadership Elders (Presbyters),
    Pastors (Shepherds),
    Bishops (Overseers)
    Acts 1423 2017,
    28
  • Deacons serve Acts 62-3

64
THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ
  • H. Restoration Plea Put into Practice
  • Organization of the Church Matt. 2818-20
  • Evangelists (Preachers) Teachers Instruct Eph.
    411
  • All Saints Participate in Work Worship Phil.
    11
  • Women Not Exercise Lead Over Men 1
    Tim. 212

65
THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST
  • V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ
  • H. Restoration Plea Put into Practice
  • Organization of the Church Matt. 2818-20
  • Each Local Church Independent, Autonomous

    (No Mother or Satellite Church) Acts
    1423
  • No Earthly Headquarters,
    No Central or Universal Organization

66
THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST
  • Invitation
  • 1. Matt. 2818-20 Christ proclaimed his
    authority we must submit to receive salvation

67
THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST
Matt. 2818-20 18 And Jesus came and spake unto
them, saying, All power is given unto me in
heaven and in earth. 19 Go ye therefore, and
teach all nations, baptizing them in the
name of the Father, and of
the Son, and of the Holy Ghost 20 Teaching them
to observe all things whatsoever
I have commanded you
and, lo, I am with you alway,
even unto the end
of the world. Amen.
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