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POLITICAL%20MACHINES%20AND%20THE%20GILDED%20AGE

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POLITICAL MACHINES AND THE GILDED AGE The external glitter of wealth conceals a corrupt political core that reflects the growing gap between the very few rich and the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: POLITICAL%20MACHINES%20AND%20THE%20GILDED%20AGE


1
POLITICAL MACHINES AND THE GILDED AGE
  • The external glitter of wealth conceals a corrupt
    political core that reflects the growing gap
    between the very few rich and the very many poor.
  • America in the 1870s-1890s
  • -- Mark Twain

2
POLITICAL MACHINES
  • Group that controlled the activities of a
    political party in a city
  • Offer support services to voters/businesses in
    exchange for political/financial support

3
IMMIGRANTS AND POLITICAL MACHINES
  • Received sympathy understanding
  • Many bosses could relate to immigrant problems
  • Immigrants would support machines in return

4
POWER CORRUPTS
  • In order to win elections some bosses turned to
    fraud
  • Added fake names to voting lists
  • Received kickbacks from government contracts
  • Favors for businesses in return for gifts (graft)
  • Accept bribes to allow illegal activities to
    continue

5
TAMMANY HALL
  • William Boss Tweed Chairman of Tammany Hall
  • Helped unite Democrats
  • Boss Tweed was head of Tammany from 1863-1871

6
BOSS TWEED
  • Tweed convinced the city legislature to give City
    government more control
  • Tweed sought rapid expansion of infrastructure
    (extending streets sewers)
  • Tammany Hall gained much power and became caught
    up in one of the biggest political scandals of
    the nations history

7
THE TWEED RING
  • Corrupt politicians led by Tweed that used power
    to line their pockets
  • Pocketed 200 million through graft and kickbacks

8
THOMAS NAST
  • Thomas Nast drew political cartoons for Harpers
    Weekly
  • Began a campaign to expose the Tweed Ring
  • Tweed sentenced to 12 years
  • Led to political reform movement

9
NAST CARTOONS
10
SPOILS SYSTEM
  • To the victor go the spoils
  • Most federal jobs given out by the President
  • Interfered with the function of government
  • A merit system was called for to give federal
    jobs to qualified people

11
ULYSSES S. GRANT 1869-1877
  • One of the worst examples of scandal
  • Congressmen received bribes/kickbacks
  • Cabinet cheated Indians on reservations
  • Whiskey Ring distillers bribed treasury
    official not to pay taxes

12
RUTHERFORD B. HAYES 1877-1880
  • Won disputed election
  • His Fraudulence
  • Began civil service reform
  • Named independents to his cabinet
  • Investigated government corruption (fired 1,000)

13
JAMES A. GARFIELD 1881
  • Ties to reformers, but VP was Chester Arthur
  • Garfield gave most jobs to reformers
  • Garfield assassinated by someone that did not get
    a job

14
CHESTER A. ARTHUR 1881-1885
  • Turned reformer after he became President
  • Signed the Pendleton Act (1883)
  • Created commission to make appointments of
    federal jobs
  • Today 90 are merit jobs

15
PENDLETON ACT
  • Increased number of merit jobs
  • Politicians could no longer uses spoils system to
    gain power (decrease of contributions)
  • Tie between government and big business became
    stronger
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