Politics,%20Regimes%20and%20Democracy - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Politics,%20Regimes%20and%20Democracy

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Title: Politics,%20Regimes%20and%20Democracy


1
Politics, Regimes and Democracy
2
Politics and Power
  • Politics can be treated as a process that
    regulates conflicts within a society. Political
    systems are often able to manage conflicts
    peacefully.

3
Categories of conflict
  • 1. Conflicts over beliefs and general truths
    (morals)
  • 2. Conflicts over the appropriate goals for the
    society
  • 3. Conflicts over resources and their allocation
  • Can you think of examples of each?

4
Uses of Power
  • Power can be given expression through
  • coercive or
  • persuasive means
  • Power is needed to enforce the terms of the
    conflict-ending agreement.
  • What if agreements could not be enforced?

5
Mutual Protection as the Root of Government
  • Hobbesian state of nature
  • To end a single ruler must possess unquestioned
    authority to guarantee the safety of the weak
    from the strong.

6
The Roving Bandit Settles Down
  • What's the difference between a government and a
    bandit?
  • Longer-run approach to its victims.
  • Incentives roving versus stationary bandit

7
Property Rights
  • state is rooted in the protection of property
    rights
  • institutionalized standards of behavior
  • reduces uncertainty and thus transaction costs

8
Government
  • The institutions empowered with the legitimate
    use of force within a given territory to control
    human behavior.

9
Legitimacy
  • A status derived from a popular belief that
    governmental actions are an appropriate use of
    power by a legally constituted authority.
    Legitimacy reduces the costs of obtaining
    compliance.

10
Sources of Legitimacy
  • Tradition/Habit
  • Identity
  • Results/Charisma
  • Rational-Legalistic or Bureaucratic Institutions

11
Regime Types
  • Democratic
  • Authoritarian
  • Totalitarian
  • Post-Totalitarian
  • Sultanic

12
Dimensions of Regimes
  • Pluralism
  • Mobilization
  • Charismatic Leadership
  • Pervasive Ideology

13
Democracy
  • A system or regime type in which the ultimate
    political authority is vested with the citizenry

14
Types of Democracy
  • Presidential
  • Parliamentary
  • Semi-Presidential

15
Two basic requirements for a functional democracy
  • Participation
  • Contestation

16
Democracy vs. Republic
  • In a republic, sovereignty is vested with the
    people who elect agents to represent them.

17
Decision Making in Democracies
  • Direct Democracy
  • Representative Democracy
  • Representative as Delegate
  • Representative as Trustee

18
Limited Government
  • As a protection of minority rights against a
    tyranny of the majority, the United States has
    a constitutionally-limited government.
    Restrictions on government are written in a
    binding document (Constitution) and checks are
    placed on the individual organs of government.
  • American Constitutional Limits by
  • Checks balances
  • Federalism (states rights)
  • Civil liberties (individual rights)

19
Ideology
  • A comprehensive and logically ordered set of
    beliefs about the nature of people, institutions
    and the roles of government.

20
Three Basic Values
  • 1. Order
  • 2. Freedom (liberty)
  • 3. Equality
  • Competing in a two-dimensional space.
  • Place yourself on the chart with IDEAlog
    http//idealog.org/index.asp

21
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22
Liberalism
  • Please note that the United States has an odd
    usage of the word liberalism focused upon the
    advocacy of positive governmental action to
    improve public welfare whereas in most of the
    world adherents champion freedom and limits on
    government.
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