"Viva La Vida" I used to rule the world Seas would rise when I gave the word Now in the morning I sleep alone Sweep the streets I used to own I used to roll the dice Feel the fear in my enemy's eyes Listen as the crowd would sing "Now the old king is - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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"Viva La Vida" I used to rule the world Seas would rise when I gave the word Now in the morning I sleep alone Sweep the streets I used to own I used to roll the dice Feel the fear in my enemy's eyes Listen as the crowd would sing "Now the old king is

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Title: "Viva La Vida" I used to rule the world Seas would rise when I gave the word Now in the morning I sleep alone Sweep the streets I used to own I used to roll the dice Feel the fear in my enemy's eyes Listen as the crowd would sing "Now the old king is


1
  • "Viva La Vida" I used to rule the world Seas
    would rise when I gave the word Now in the
    morning I sleep alone Sweep the streets I used to
    own I used to roll the dice Feel the fear in my
    enemy's eyes Listen as the crowd would sing "Now
    the old king is dead! Long live the king!" One
    minute I held the key Next the walls were closed
    on me And I discovered that my castles stand Upon
    pillars of salt and pillars of sand

2
  • I hear Jerusalem bells are ringing Roman Cavalry
    choirs are singing Be my mirror, my sword and
    shield My missionaries in a foreign field For
    some reason I can't explain Once you go there was
    never Never an honest word And that was when I
    ruled the world It was the wicked and wild
    wind Blew down the doors to let me in Shattered
    windows and the sound of drums People couldn't
    believe what I'd become Revolutionaries wait For
    my head on a silver plate Just a puppet on a
    lonely string Oh who would ever want to be
    king?

3
  • I hear Jerusalem bells are ringing Roman Cavalry
    choirs are singing Be my mirror, my sword and
    shield My missionaries in a foreign field For
    some reason I can't explain I know Saint Peter
    won't call my name Never an honest word But that
    was when I ruled the world I hear Jerusalem
    bells are ringing Roman Cavalry choirs are
    singing Be my mirror, my sword and shield My
    missionaries in a foreign field For some reason
    I can't explain I know Saint Peter won't call my
    name Never an honest word But that was when I
    ruled the world

4
Coldplay
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vafem9mLcJ14Poetry.p
    pt

5
POETRY
6
POETRY
  • A type of literature that expresses ideas,
    feelings, or tells a story in a specific form
    (usually using lines and stanzas)

7
POINT OF VIEW IN POETRY
  • POET
  • The poet is the writer of the poem.
  • SPEAKER
  • The speaker of the poem is the voice of the
    poem.

8
POETRY FORM
  • FORM - the appearance of the words on the page
  • LINE - a group of words together on one line of
    the poem
  • STANZA - a group of lines arranged together
  • A word is dead
  • When it is said,
  • Some say.
  • I say it just
  • Begins to live
  • That day.

9
THE SOUNDS OF POETRY
10
RHYTHM
  • The beat created by the sounds of the words in a
    poem
  • Rhythm can be created by meter, rhyme,
    alliteration and refrain.

11
METER
  • A pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables.

12
RHYME
  • Words sound alike because they share the same
    ending vowel and consonant sounds.

13
END RHYME
  • A word at the end of one line rhymes with a word
    at the end of another line
  • Hector the Collector
  • Collected bits of string.
  • Collected dolls with broken heads
  • And rusty bells that would not ring.

14
RHYME SCHEME
  • A rhyme scheme is a pattern of rhyme (usually end
    rhyme, but not always).
  • Use the letters of the alphabet to represent
    sounds to be able to visually see the pattern.
    (See next slide for an example.)

15
SAMPLE RHYME SCHEME
  • The Germ by Ogden Nash
  • A mighty creature is the germ,
  • Though smaller than the pachyderm.
  • His customary dwelling place
  • Is deep within the human race.
  • His childish pride he often pleases
  • By giving people strange diseases.
  • Do you, my poppet, feel infirm?
  • You probably contain a germ.

a a b b c c a a
16
REFRAIN/REPETITION
  • A sound, word, phrase or line repeated regularly
    in a poem.
  • Quoth the raven, Nevermore.

17
ALLITERATION
  • Consonant sounds repeated at the beginnings of
    words
  • If Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers,
    how many pickled peppers did Peter Piper pick?

18
ONOMATOPOEIA
  • Words that imitate the sound they are naming
  • BUZZ
  • OR sounds that imitate another sound
  • The silken, sad, uncertain, rustling of
    each purple curtain . . .

19
 Onomatopoeia Eve Merriam  
  •   The rusty spigot   sputters,   utters   a
    splutter,   spatters a smattering of drops,
      gashes wider   slash,   splatters,   scatters,
      spurts,   finally stops sputtering   and
    splash!   gushes rushes splashes   clear water
    dashes.

20
SOUND DEVICE CHART
  • RHYME/REPETITION/RHYTHM/ALLITERATION/ONOMATOPOEIA

21
FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE
22
SIMILE
  • A comparison of two unlike things using like or
    as
  • Ex She is as beautiful as a sunrise.

23
METAPHOR
  • A direct comparison of two unlike things
  • Ex All the worlds a stage, and we are merely
    players.
  • - William Shakespeare

24
EXTENDED METAPHOR
  • A metaphor that goes on for several lines or
    possible the entire length of a work.

25
HYPERBOLE
  • Hyperbole is a form of figurative language. It is
    an exaggeration or overstatement intended to
    produce an effect without being taken literally.
  • Examples I studied for 500 hours and still
    failed the test! or Ive told you a million
    times not to exaggerate.

26
HYPERBOLE
  • Hyperbole is often confused with a simile or
    metaphor because it often compares two objects.
    The difference is that hyperbole is an
    exaggeration. An example would be His feet
    were as large as barges. It looks like a simile
    and is comparing foot size to the size of a
    barge. Instead it is a hyperbole due to the
    exaggeration used.

27
HYPERBOLE
  • EXERCISE
  • Copy the hyperbole. Then write its literal
    meaning.
  • I nearly died laughing.
  • Mary tried a thousand times to play the piano.
  • I could sleep for a year.
  • Grant was hopping mad.
  • This box weighs a ton.
  • Im so hungry, I could eat a horse.

28
HYPERBOLE
  • 7. I really screamed my lungs out at the game
    last night.
  • 8. Sasha sang her heart out!
  • Complete the following similes.
  • The teacher was so wonderful that ___________.
  • The class was so boring that ____________.

29
HYPERBOLE
  • HYPERBOLE MARATHON
  • Write as many hyperboles as you can!

30
IDIOM
  • An expression where the literal meaning of the
    words is not the meaning of the expression. It
    means something other than what it actually says.
  • Ex Its raining cats and dogs.

31
PERSONIFICATION
  • An animal, object, or idea is given human-like or
    life-like qualities.
  • EX from Ninki
  • by Shirley Jackson
  • Ninki was by this time irritated beyond belief
    by the general air of incompetence exhibited in
    the kitchen, and she went into the living room
    and got Shax, who is extraordinarily lazy and
    never catches his own chipmunks, but who is, at
    least, a cat, and preferable, Ninki saw clearly,
    to a man with a gun.

32
OTHER POETIC DEVICES
33
IMAGERY
  • Language that appeals to the senses.
  • Most images are visual, but they can also appeal
    to the senses of sound, touch, taste, or smell.

then with cracked hands that ached from labor in
the weekday weather . . . from Those Winter
Sundays
34
SYMBOLISM
  • Innocence
  • America
  • Peace
  • Often used in poetry
  • A person, place, thing, or event that has meaning
    in itself also represents, or stands for,
    something else.

35
ALLUSION
  • Allusion comes from the verb allude which means
    to refer to
  • An allusion is a reference to something famous.
  • A tunnel walled and overlaid
  • With dazzling crystal we had read
  • Of rare Aladdins wondrous cave,
  • And to our own his name we gave.
  • From Snowbound
  • John Greenleaf Whittier

36
TYPES OF POETRY
37
IMAGERY POEMS
  • Draw the reader into poetic experiences by
    touching on the images and senses which the
    reader already knows.
  • The use of the five senses in this type of poetry
    serves to intensify the impact of the work.

38
Imagery Poem Example
  • The Red Wheelbarrow  
  • by William Carlos Williams
  • so much depends
  • upon
  • a red wheel
  • barrow
  • glazed with rain
  • water
  • beside the white
  • chickens.

39
Imagery Poem
  • See / Touch / Smell / Hear /
    Taste

40
FREE VERSE
  • Unlike metered poetry, free verse poetry does NOT
    have any repeating patterns of stressed and
    unstressed syllables.
  • Does NOT have rhyme.
  • Free verse poetry is very conversational - sounds
    like someone talking with you.
  • A more modern type of poetry.

41
Free Verse Example
  • Song of Myself (excerpt) by Walt Whitman
  • I celebrate myself, and sing myself, And what I
    assume you shall assume, For every atom belonging
    to me as good belongs to you. I loaf and invite
    my soul, I lean and loaf at my ease observing a
    spear of summer grass.

42
LYRIC POEMS
  • Usually written in first person point of view
  • Express the thoughts and feelings of the poet
  • Often have a musical quality

43
Lyric Example
  • I Felt a Funeral in my Brain (excerpt)
  • By Emily Dickinson
  • I felt a Funeral, in my Brain,
  • And Mourners to and fro
  • Kept treading - treading - till it seemed
  • That Sense was breaking through - 
  • And when they all were seated,
  • A Service, like a Drum
  • Kept beating - beating - till I thought
  • My Mind was going numb

44
COUPLET
  • A stanza of only two lines which usually rhyme.
  • Shakespearean (also called Elizabethan and
    English) sonnets usually end in a couplet and are
    a pair of lines that are the same length and
    usually rhyme and form a complete thought.

45
Couplet Example
  • By Shakespeare (two excerpt form his sonnets)
  • Blessed are you whose worthiness gives scope,
  • Being had, to triumph being lacked, to hope.
  • You still shall live, such virtue hath my pen,
  • Where breath most breathes, even in the mouths
    of men.

46
HAIKU
  • A Japanese poem written in three lines
  • Five Syllables
  • Seven Syllables
  • Five Syllables
  • An old silent pond . . .
  • A frog jumps into the pond.
  • Splash! Silence again.

47
SHAKESPEAREAN SONNET
  • A fourteen line poem with a specific rhyme
    scheme.
  • The poem is written in three quatrains and ends
    with a couplet.
  • The rhyme scheme is
  • abab cdcd efef gg

48
Sonnet Example
  • Shakespeare
  • Shall I compare thee to a summers day?
  • Thou art more lovely and more temperate.
  • Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,
  • And summers lease hath all too short a date.
  • Sometimes too hot the eye of heaven shines,
  • And often is his gold complexion dimmed
  • And every fair from fair sometimes declines,
  • By chance or natures changing course untrimmed.
  • But thy eternal summer shall not fade

49
NARRATIVE POEMS
  • A poem that tells a story.
  • Generally longer than the lyric styles of poetry
    b/c the poet needs to establish characters and a
    plot.

50
Example of Narrative Poem
  • Annabel Lee (excerpt)
  • By Edgar Allan Poe
  • It was many and many a year ago, In a kingdom by
    the sea, That a maiden there lived whom you may
    know By the name of ANNABEL LEE And this maiden
    she lived with no other thought Than to love and
    be loved by me.

51
CONCRETE POEMS
  • In concrete poems, the words are arranged to
    create a picture that relates to the content of
    the poem.
  • Poetry
  • Is like
  • Flames,
  • Which are
  • Swift and elusive
  • Dodging realization
  • Sparks, like words on the
  • Paper, leap and dance in the
  • Flickering firelight. The fiery
  • Tongues, formless and shifting
  • Shapes, tease the imagination.
  • Yet for those who see,
  • Through their minds
  • Eye, they burn
  • Up the page.

52
Example of Concrete
  • Poetry
  • Is like
  • Flames,
  • Which are
  • Swift and elusive
  • Dodging realization
  • Sparks, like words on the
  • Paper, leap and dance in the
  • Flickering firelight. The fiery
  • Tongues, formless and shifting
  • Shapes, tease the imagination.
  • Yet for those who see,
  • Through their minds
  • Eye, they burn
  • Up the page.

53
CONCRETE
54
DIAMANTE
  • A seven-line, diamond-shaped poem which contrasts
    two opposites. It is more a visual poem than one
    to be read aloud. Students can illustrate their
    final copies to produce an art piece. It follows
    this format
  • (Next Page)

55
DIAMANTE FORM
  • First Line and seventh line - Name the opposites.
  • Second and sixth lines - Two adjectives
    describing the opposite nearest it.
  • Third and fifth lines - Three participles (ing
    words) describing the nearest opposite.
  • Fourth line - two nouns (if possible) for each of
    the opposites. (This is the transition point
    where the poem changes from one of the opposites
    to the other.)

56
  • Peaks, Snowcapped, windswept, Reaching, waiting,
    challenging mountain ranges, ocean
    trenches, Obscuring, waiting, daunting Dark,
    black Depths.

57
CINQUAIN
  • A short, five-line, non-rhyming poem which
    follows this format
  • 1st line - The title (one word) 2nd line -
    Describes the title (two words) 3rd line -
    Express action (three words) 4th line - A
    feeling or thought (four words) 5th line - A
    synonym for the title or a word close in meaning
    to it.

58
CINQUAIN EXAMPLE
  • Remo
  • black, sleek
  • running, leaping, chasing
  • loving, warm, fierce, frightened
  • Whippet

59
Quatrain
  • Always has four lines.
  • Rhymes in one of four ways.
  • Poets use letters to show the pattern of rhyme.
    The four types of rhyme for a quatrain are AABB,
    ABAB, ABBA, and ABCB.

60
Examples of Quatrain (aabb)
  • Tyger! Tyger! burning bright
  • In the forests of the night,
  • What immortal hand or eye
  • Could frame thy fearful symmetry?
  •  
  • -From William Blake's "The Tyger"

61
Examples of Quatrain (abab)
  • My wings shall ride the silken morn, Covering
    the silent sunlit sky, Under Cancer and
    Capricorn, Flying where no bird can fly.
  • - From Ryter Roethicles My Wings
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