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Writing History

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Writing History Why do we study History? How do we interpret the past? Who decides what happened in the past? Writing History Types of History Narrative-tells a story ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Writing History


1
Writing History
Why do we study History?
How do we interpret the past?
Who decides what happened in the past?
2
Types of History
Narrative-tells a story of a specific period in
time
Analytical-examines or studies a period of time
3
Historical Evidence
Scientific Method
Formulates hypothesis (tentative answer to the
problem).
Collects facts and data to test his/her
hypothesis.
Modifies his/her hypothesis in accordance with
the direction in which the facts lead.
Draws conclusions or generalizations from his or
her findings.
4
Types of Evidence
Primary Sources the original source, first in
order of time, the most important.
Secondary Sources based on primary sources,
generally interpretive.
Tertiary Sources based on secondary sources,
such as most history textbooks.
5
Classification of Evidence
Material Objects artifacts
Written Materials books, journals, diaries
Aural and Visual Materials CDs, tape
recordings, paintings, television, and posters
Oral Sources traditional beliefs and sayings,
folklore.
6
Objectivity in History
Frame of Reference assumptions and beliefs,
which he/her holds about nature of man and the
universe.
Bias his or her preferences, likes and
dislikes.
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