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A Brief History of Space Exploration

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A Brief History of Space Exploration Focus on manned space flight Little emphasis on non-US contributions VERY limited highlights of unmanned missions – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: A Brief History of Space Exploration


1
A Brief History of Space Exploration
  • Focus on manned space flight
  • Little emphasis on non-US contributions
  • VERY limited highlights of unmanned missions

2
Robert Goddard
  • Father of American
    Rocketry
  • First liquid propelled rocket - 1926

3
Dr. Werner von Braun
  • Leader of Nazi rocketry research
  • Inventor of the V-2 Rocket
  • War criminal? Victim of Nazi scorched Earth?
  • American hero?

4
I have learned to use the word "impossible with
the greatest caution.
  • Slated for execution to prevent capture by the
    Allies
  • A prize for which the Russians and Americans
    competed
  • Surrendered to Americans
  • Became the father of the U.S. space program

5
Sputnik October 4, 1957 October Sky
6
The Space Race
  • Sputnik puts America into near panic
  • 4/12/61 USSR puts Yuri Gagarin into space
  • America Responds with Project Mercury

7
Project Mercury The Right Stuff
  • Mercury Redstone Rocket
  • Single astronaut
  • First U.S. manned ballistic flight Alan
    Shephard 5/5/61

8
Astronaut and Senator John Glenn
  • Mercury Freedom 7
  • First American to orbit Earth 2/20/62
  • Oldest person to travel in space (Space Shuttle)

9
Liberty 7 on the seafloor
  • A near tragedy

10
Project Gemini
  • Titan Rocket
  • Two astronauts
  • First Space Walk (EVA)
  • Rendezvous with Agena modules and with other
    Gemini capsules

11
Gemini capsule
12
Ed White Gemini 4 EVA
13
Mercury and Gemini preludes to Apollo Project
14
Apollo 8 Liftoff from KSC 12/21/68
15
Earthrise from lunar orbit Apollo 8
16
Apollo 11 Neil Armstrong, Michael Collins, Edwin
Buzz Aldrin July 16, 1969
17
Apollo 11 LM Eagle
18
Houston, the Eagle has landed.
19
Neil Armstrong First Man on the Moon
20
Buzz Aldrin second man on the moon
21
Lunar Rock from Apollo 11 Mission
22
Buzz Aldrin
23
Apollo 11 American Heroes
24
Earthrise from lunar orbit
25
Apollo 17 Lunar Rover 12/72
26
Apollo 17 Geologist Harrison Schmidt
27
Apollo 17 Harrison Schmidt and Lunar Rover
28
Apollo 17 Astronaut Harrison Schmitt in the field
with Oneonta Alumni and Students - 2003
29
Skylab a bridge between Apollo and the Shuttle
- 1973
30
Space Shuttle 1980s to present (?)
31
Space Shuttle Challenger Disaster
  • January 28, 1986
  • Shuttle blows up 73 seconds after liftoff
  • Six professional astronauts a spectrum of
    America
  • Christa McAuliffe first teacher in space

32
HST precious cargo for the Shuttle
33
Hubble Space Telescope
34
Hubble probes the mysteries of the cosmos
35
Soyuz the Russian endeavor
36
Mir a record of Russian accomplishment
37
Gene and Carolyn Shoemaker
  • Gene Shoemaker a would-be astronaut
  • Geologist and land-based explorer of space
  • Pioneer in study of impact structures

38
Shoemaker-Levy 9 and Jupiter
39
Scar from Shoemaker-Levy 9
40
Some Current Efforts
  • International Space Station
  • Search for extra-terrestrial planets
  • Monitoring Earths atmosphere
  • Sofia Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared
    Astronomy
  • Mars Global Surveyor
  • Mars Rovers

41
Unmanned Exploration
  • Mars Pathfinder and Sojourner Rover

42
Mars Pathfinder
43
Panorama from surface of Mars
44
Messenger
  • Messenger will arrive at Mercury in 2011
  • Begin 1 year orbit to image and map surface
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