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Age of Jackson

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Title: Slide 1 Author: Jason Adams Last modified by: Baker, Sean Created Date: 1/10/2004 7:12:15 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Age of Jackson


1
Age of Jackson
2
Election of 1824
-no winner of electoral college -John Q. Adams
chosen over Jackson as President -Called corrupt
bargain because Jackson had most votes - Henry
Clay promised Sec. of State if he influenced
Congress to vote for Adams instead of
Jackson. -Jacksons supporters formed Democratic
Party and opposed Adams policies
3
Election of 1824
-no winner of electoral college -John Q. Adams
chosen over Jackson as President -Called
corrupt bargain because Jackson had most
votes -Jacksons supporters formed Democratic
Party and opposed Adams policies
4
Election of 1824
-no winner of electoral college -John Q. Adams
chosen over Jackson as President -Called
corrupt bargain because Jackson had most
votes -Jacksons supporters formed Democratic
Party and opposed Adams policies
5
Election of 1828
-high voter turnout b/c voting requirements had
been lowered no more landowning
requirements -previous voting laws had limited
voting to property owning white males -Jackson
appealed to the Common Man -Jackson
becomes first western President(Tennessee)
-1832 Jackson re-elected first use of national
nominating conventions
6
Jacksons Presidency
-Common Mans President -creation of the
Spoils System Giving government positions to
your friends as favors -greater democracy, but
women and minorities still ignored -Great
Silence over the issue of slavery
7
Nullification Crisis
-debate over high tariffs -Tariff of
Abominations (Tariffs of 1816 and 1824)
outraged the South -John C. Calhoun VP to
Jackson during 1st term -theory of
nullification Calhouns S.C. Exposition and
Protest -S.C. threatens secession -Jackson
threatens the use of force -Henry Clay organizes
a compromise
8
Nullification Crisis
-debate over high tariffs -Tariff of
Abominations -John C. Calhoun -theory of
nullification Calhouns S.C. Exposition and
Protest -S.C. threatens secession -Jackson
threatens the use of force -Henry Clay organizes
a compromise
9
Nullification Crisis
-debate over high tariffs -Tariff of
Abominations -John C. Calhoun -theory of
nullification Calhouns S.C. Exposition and
Protest -S.C. threatens secession -Jackson
threatens the use of force -Henry Clay organizes
a compromise
10
Indian Policy
-different views about Indian policy -Indian
Removal Act, 1830 -forced relocation of thousands
of Indians west -Cherokee takes the issue to the
Supreme Court and wins -Worchester v. Georgia
Cherokee win their individual identity as a
political group -Jackson ignores the court and
orders removal -Trail of Tears, 1838 17,000
Cherokee Indians moved to Oklahoma 4000 die on
way
11
Indian Policy
-different views about Indian policy -Indian
Removal Act, 1830 -Cherokee takes the issue to
the Supreme Court and wins -Worchester v.
Georgia -Jackson ignores the court and orders
removal -Trail of Tears, 1838
12
National Bank
-Jackson disliked the Bank of the U.S. -thought
it an abuse of power and served the wealthy
first -thought it lacked the constitutional
ability to exist -Jackson vetoed the new charter
for the bank and withdrew all govt
funds -Jackson placed govt funds in favored
state banks which critics called the Pet Banks
which led to a monetary crisis
13
(No Transcript)
14
Van Buren
-Martin Van Buren was elected after Jackson -
first real politician creates first political
machine -suffered b/c of Jacksons bank
policies -Panic of 1837 left many in bad
economic situations -Newly formed Whig party
gains strength only formed out of hatred for
Jacksons policies. Formed by Henry Clay and John
Quincy Adams
15
Harrison and Tyler
-War hero William Henry Harrison becomes first
Whig President chooses Tyler as running mate
even though Tyler was against it -Harrison dies
1 month into office (pneumonia) -John Tyler is
first V.P. to become President becomes known as
His Accidency
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