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Age of Jackson

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Age of Jackson Unit IV, Part 2, Set One AP United States History Jacksonian Democracy The Common Man Universal male suffrage Strict constructionism Laissez ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Age of Jackson


1
Age of Jackson
  • Unit IV, Part 2, Set One
  • AP United States History

2
Jacksonian Democracy
  • The Common Man
  • Universal male suffrage
  • Strict constructionism
  • Laissez-faire economics
  • Democratization of nominations for elected office
  • Party caucuses to national conventions
  • Increase in local and state elected offices
  • Rise of third parties
  • Spoils system
  • Manifest Destiny

County Election George Caleb Bingham 1852
3
Election of 1824
  • Democratic-Republicans fracturing
  • Election of 1824 has four candidates
  • Sec. of State John Quincy Adams
  • General/Senator Andrew Jackson
  • Sec. of Treasury William Crawford
  • Speaker of the House Henry Clay
  • Corrupt Bargain
  • House of Representatives chooses Adams
  • Impact
  • Establishment of Democrats and National
    Republicans
  • Second Party System

4
House Vote for Election of 1824
5
John Quincy Adams (NR) (1825-1829)
  • Son of Federalist John Adams
  • National Republican
  • Corrupt Bargain
  • Most of his proposals rejected by a pro-Jackson
    Congress
  • Alienated the South and West
  • Tariff of 1828
  • Tariff of Abominations

6
Second Party System (1828-1854)
  • Democrats
  • States rights
  • Limited government
  • Laissez-faire
  • Expansionism
  • Pro-slavery
  • Equal opportunity
  • South and West
  • Yeoman farmers, working class, southern planters,
    immigrants
  • Anti-Masonic Party
  • issue party concerned about Freemasons
  • promoted economic nationalism and social
    conservatism
  • Liberty Party
  • abolitionist party
  • Free Soil Party
  • Prevent expansion of slavery

Andrew Jackson
  • National Republicans/Whigs
  • American System
  • Strong federal government
  • Mixed on slavery
  • Social conservatives
  • New England
  • Upper and middle class professionals, evangelical
    Protestants

Henry Clay
7
Election of 1828
  • Andrew Jackson (D)
  • John Q. Adams (NR)
  • Political campaigns on national levels
  • Jacksons wife

8
Old Hickory
  • The Common Man
  • Duelist, Gambler, Bar Fighter, Pipe-Smoker,
    Tobacco Chewer
  • War Hero
  • Spoils System
  • Hired loyalists and friends
  • A Strong Executive
  • Mandate from the people
  • It was settled by the Constitution, the laws,
    and the whole practice of the government that the
    entire executive power is vested in the President
    of the United States.
  • Endorsed states rights
  • Considered himself a Jeffersonian Democrat

9
Andrew Jackson (D) (1829-1837)
  • A Common Man or a King?
  • Veto Power
  • Maysville Road (1830)
  • Peggy Eaton Affair
  • Kitchen Cabinet
  • Private group of trusted advisors
  • Major Issues
  • Native Removal
  • Nullification Crisis
  • Bank of the United States

10
Jackson and Native Removal
  • Indian Removal Act (1830)
  • Negotiate with Native tribes for removal west to
    lands west of the Mississippi
  • Cherokee Nation v. Georgia (1831)
  • Determined Native tribes not to be foreign
    states but as domestic dependent nations
  • Worcester v. Georgia (1832)
  • Determined sovereignty of Native tribes therefore
    not subject to state laws
  • John Marshall had made his decision. Now let him
    enforce it! - Andrew Jackson
  • Trail of Tears
  • Many died from exposure, disease, starvation
  • 60,000 removed 15,000 died

11
Jackson and the Nullification Crisis
  • Tariff of Abominations (1828)
  • South Carolina Exposition and Protest (1828)
  • State could nullify federal law or possibly
    secede if necessary
  • Webster-Hayne Debates (1830)
  • Robert Hayne (SC)
  • Daniel Webster (MA) Liberty and Union, now and
    forever, one and inseparable!
  • Jefferson Day Dinner (1830)
  • Andrew Jackson Our federal Union It must be
    preserved.
  • John C. Calhoun The Union Next to our Liberty,
    the most dear.
  • Tariff of 1832
  • South Carolinas Ordinance of Nullification
    (1832)
  • Force Bill (1833)
  • Tariff of 1833

12
Election of 1832
  • Andrew Jackson (D)
  • Henry Clay (NR)
  • William Wirt (Anti-Masonic)
  • All candidates elected by national party
    convention
  • Bank of the United States was central issue

13
Jackson and the Bank War
  • Nicholas Biddle (Czar)
  • Bank supported by Henry Clay and Daniel Webster
  • Andrew Jackson
  • You are a den of vipers and thieves. I have
    determined to rout you out, and by the Eternal, I
    will rout you out!
  • The bank, Mr. Van Buren, is trying to kill me,
    but I will kill it.
  • Death of the National Bank
  • Jackson vetoed the charter
  • Transferred funds to state banks aka pet banks

14
Election of 1836
  • Martin van Buren (D)
  • Jacksons VP
  • Whig Candidates
  • William Henry Harrison (OH)
  • Hugh White (TN)
  • Daniel Webster (MA)
  • Willie Mangum (NC)

15
Panic of 1837
  • National debt paid off in 1835
  • Specie Circular (1836)
  • Purchase of federal lands by gold and silver
  • Panic of 1837
  • Land speculation and crop failures
  • Hard currency led to devalue of paper money and
    inflation
  • Denial of Bank charter
  • States overextended in infrastructure projects
  • Banks closed unemployment increased depression
    for next five years
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