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MU Aerial Lift Building Training

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Title: MU Aerial Lift Building Training


1
MU Aerial Lift Building Training
  • OSHA Training Requirements for Aerial Lifts
  • As required under the Occupational Health and
    Safety Act, scissor lift operators must be deemed
    as competent operators.
  • Competent scissor-lift operators must know not
    only how to operate the particular class of
    scissor-lift to which they may be operating but
    also be aware of hazards associated with the work
    they have been asked to do they must be able to
    operate the scissor-lift in a manner that
    protects both their own safety and the safety of
    others in the workplace. It is the responsibility
    of the employer to establish a worker's
    competence to operate a powered lift truck.  This
    is done through training and effective
    supervision.

2
Applicable Regulations OSHA Regulations
(Standards - 29 CFR)
  • 1926.451 - general requirements for mobile
    scaffolds
  • OAR 437, Division 2, (29 CFR 1910, OR-OSHA for
    aerial lifts
  • While there are no OSHA provisions that
    specifically address scissor lifts, they do meet
    the definition of a mobile scaffold, or aerial
    lift platform.
  • Employers must therefore comply with the
    other applicable provisions of Subpart L when
    using scissor lifts. For example, since scissor
    lifts are mobile, the specific requirements for
    mobile scaffolds in the scaffold standard
    (1926.452(w) - mobile scaffolds) must be met.
  • Or-OSHA provides similar instruction for aerial
    lift platforms.

3
Tutorial Contents
  • Legislative requirements
  • Effective Supervision
  • Hazard Identification
  • Workplace hazards
  • Safety Tips
  • Equipment Requirements

4
Legislative Requirements
Lift operators must be qualified according to the
following definitions
  • 1)   Competence1) In this definition,
    competent person means a person who
  • a)Is qualified because of knowledge, training and
    experience to organize the work and its
    performance
  • b) is familiar with the regulations that apply
    to the work, and
  • c) has knowledge of any potential or actual
    danger to health or safety in the workplace
  • 2) a lifting device shall be operated
  • (a) only by, a competent person or a worker
    being trained by a competent person

5
Effective Supervision
  • Employers Duties, Supervisors Duties and
    Workers Duties.

6
Employers Duties
  • 1) An employer shall ensure that a) the
    equipment, materials and protective devices as
    prescribed are providedb) the equipment,
    materials and protective devices provided by the
    employer are maintained in good conditionc) the
    measures and procedures prescribed are carried
    out in the workplaced) the equipment, materials
    and protective devices provided by the employer
    are used as prescribed

7
  • Also, training must be provided in the following
    workplace-related training topics
  • Surface conditions including ramps and other
    sloped surfaces that could affect stability
  • Compositions of loads to be carried and load
    stability
  • pedestrian traffic in areas of operation
  • Narrow aisles and other restricted or hazardous
    places of operation
  • Any other unique or potentially hazardous
    environmental conditions in the workplace that
    could affect safe operation

8
Supervisors Duties
  • A supervisor shall ensure that a worker,
    --Works in the manner and with the protective
    devices, measures and procedures required by the
    regulations--Uses or wears the equipment,
    protective devices or clothing that the workers
    employer requires to be used or worn

9
  • A supervisor shall
  • Advise a worker of the existence of any potential
    or actual danger to the health or safety of the
    worker
  • Where so prescribed, provide a worker with
    written instructions as to the measures and
    procedures to be taken for protection of the
    worker
  • Take every precaution reasonable in the
    circumstances for the protection of a worker
  • Supervisors must provide ongoing due diligence
    with respect to lift truck safety by
  • Selecting appropriate equipment Performing
    regular and appropriate maintenance including
    repair and inspection Performing procedural
    safety supervision Providing additional
    training and evaluation on specific workplace
    equipment

10
Employees Duties
  • Operate lift equipment in a safe manner per
    prescribed training
  • Take every precaution required by their training
  • Remain safe and competent at all times

11
Hazard IdentificationWhat Causes Accidents?
  • Poor equipment maintenance.
  • Welding and cutting on lifts when slag or
    sparks land on batteries.
  • Wheels dropping into holes or slipping off decks
    or any other abrupt change in elevation.

12
Scissor lifts that have a small footprint can tip
easily. Most of the narrow scissor lifts can be
pulled or pushed over with 150 lbs. of side
force when elevated. Using a lift as a crane
attaching a load to the basket. Climbing on or
over hand rails. Painting and sandblasting can
damage equipment and cover safety decals.
13
What Causes Fatalities?
  • Human factors that can be directly associated
    with what the worker other workers or the
    employer did/failed to do.
  • Getting caught in the pinch point or squeeze
    point.
  • Inattentive operation of the lift.
  • Dangerous facility layout.
  • Overhead moving/falling objects.
  • Touching power lines.
  • Poor illumination.
  • Bad weather conditions.

14
Workplace Hazards PeopleEquipmentEnvironm
ent
15
People People People People People people people
people people
  • Are the single most unpredictable hazard
  • Move randomly
  • Have no common destination
  • Understand the least about your lift and work
    process
  • Must be protected by separating their route of
    travel from the lifts route of travel

16
E Q U I P M E N T E Q U I P M E N T
  • Equipment What furniture, fixtures and
    equipment play a role in the Memorial Union lift
    pathways?
  • What must the lift operator do to account for
    these obstructions to free lift travel?
  • Fact The vast majority of lift usage in the
    construction industry occurs in unfinished space.
    The Memorial Union is fully finished and
    outfitted with all types of fixed and mobile
    equipment overhead, along side walls, perhaps
    laying in the floor after a band concert waiting
    on the elevator.
  • Route planning before travel is required. This
    pre-planning functions to alert the operator and
    spotter to hazards present in the lift path.

17
E N V I R O N M E N T
  • The Memorial Union is a multi-level, fully
    finished structure with many architectural
    elements comprising its environment. Not all of
    the building areas are safe for lift operation!

18
Safe Areas for Lift Travel
  • Unsafe Areas for Lift Travel
  • The Main Lounge floor is UNSAFE at all times for
    the scissor lift. Plywood is no guarantee that
    the floating floor below will not collapse and
    cause a tip-over! Do Not Enter!
  • The scissor lift should never be closer than 6
    feet to an open stairwell.
  • Travel over raised thresholds causes threshold
    damage. Thresholds must be protected by shims or
    ramps for travel.
  • Turning the scissor lift on tiled flooring can
    cause damage to the tile. Turn and move together
    when possible.

The Ballroom The Concourse Elevator No. 3
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