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Romanticism

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Title: Romanticism Author: Susan M. Pojer Last modified by: 8453D0A207CCC7E Created Date: 1/28/2004 1:38:19 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Romanticism


1
ROMANTICISM
The Artistic Expression of Liberalism
2
The Spirit of the Age (1790-1850)
  • Reaction against much Enlightenment thought
  • Writers opposed narrow scientific viewpoint of
    Philosophes
  • Not everything is RATIONAL
  • Feelings imaginations are OK
  • Religion is basic to human nature
  • Faith is a means to knowledge

3
The Spirit of the Age (1790-1850)
  • Early support of the French Revolution.
  • Rise of the individual ? alienation.
  • Dehumanization of industrialization.
  • Radical poetics / politics ? an obsession with
    violent change.

4
A Growing Distrust of Reason
Early 19c
Enlightenment
Romanticism
Society is good, curbing violent impulses!
Civilization corrupts!
  • The human experience is subjective and emotional.
  • Human knowledge is a puny thing compared to
    nature
  • Individual rights are dangerous efforts at
    selfishness ? the community is more important.

5
The Romantic Movement
  • Began in the 1790s and peaked in the 1820s.
  • Mostly in Britain and Germany.
  • A reaction against classicism.
  • The Romantic Hero
  • Tremendously popular among the European reading
    public.
  • Youth imitated his rebelliousness.

6
Characteristics of Romanticism
  • The Engaged Enraged Artist
  • The artist a part from society.
  • The artist as social critic/revolutionary.
  • The artist as genius.

7
Characteristics of Romanticism
  • The Individual/ The Dreamer
  • Individuals have unique, endless potential.
  • Self-realization comes through art
  • Artists are the true philosophers.

8
Characteristics of Romanticism
  • Glorification of Nature
  • Peaceful, restorative qualities an escape from
    industrialization and the dehumanization it
    creates.
  • Awesome, powerful, horrifying aspects of nature.
  • Indifferent to the fate of humans.
  • Overwhelming power of nature.

9
Characteristics of Romanticism
  • Revival of Past Styles
  • Gothic Romanesque revival.
  • Neo-Gothic architectural style.
  • Medieval ruins were a favorite theme.

10
Study of History
  • Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
  • New way of studying History
  • Thesis prominent idea
  • Antithesis conflicting ideas
  • Synthesis new thesis
  • Then the process starts all over!
  • All periods of history are important!
  • All histories are important!

11
Characteristics of Romanticism
  • The Supernatural
  • Ghosts, fairies, witches, demons.
  • The shadows of the minddreams madness.
  • The romantics rejected materialism in pursuit of
    spiritual self-awareness.
  • They yearned for the unknown and the unknowable.

12
Characteristics of Romanticism
  • Exoticism
  • The sexy other.
  • A sense of escape from reality.
  • A psychological/moral justification of
    imperialism?

13
  • Creation of Methodism in England in mid 18th
    century.
  • In England, by John Wesley
  • Revolted against Deism
  • Emphasized the role of enthusiastic, emotional
    expressions part of the Christianity
  • Gods grace is universal and holy living is
    personal and social

14
Great Age of the Novel
  • Gothic Novel Jane Eyre - Charlotte Bronte
    (1847) Wuthering Heights - Emily Bronte (1847)
  • Grimms Fairy Tales Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm
  • Historical Novel Ivanhoe - Sir Walter Scott
    (1819) Les Miserables - Victor Hugo (1862)
    The Three Musketeers Alexander Dumas (1844)
  • Science Fiction Novel Frankenstein - Mary
    Shelley (1817) Dracula Bramm Stoker (1897)

15
The Romantic Poets
  • Percy Byssche Shelley
  • Lord Byron (George Gordon)
  • Samuel Taylor Coleridge
  • William Wordsworth
  • John Keats
  • William Blake

16
The Political Implications
  • Romanticism could reinforce the greatest themes
    of political liberalism or political
    conservatism.
  • Contributed to growing nationalist movements.
  • The uniqueness of cultures was emphasized.
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