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Title: Astronomy


1
Astronomy
  • Class Starters

2
  • The big dipper is part of what other
    constellation?
  • a. Ursa minor c. Ursula septoria
  • b. Cancer d. Ursa major
  • What part of the big dipper will point at the
    North Star?
  • a. The end of the handle c. The last two
    stars on the dipper
  • b. The first two stars on the dipper d. A line
    from the handle end to the
  • end of the dipper
  • If the Suns gravity on the Earth suddenly ended,
    what would the orbit of the Earth look like?
  • a. The Earth would fly away in a straight line
    tangent to the original orbit, and the Earth
    would slow down
  • b. The Earth would fly away in a straight line
    tangent to the original orbit, and the Earth
    would not change speed
  • c. The Earth would go away in an ever widening
    circle
  • d. The orbit would not change
  • 1 millimeter is the same as what?
  • a. 1x103 meter c. 1x102 meter
  • b. 1x10-3 meter d. 1x10-2 meter

3
  • What is a light-year?
  • a. The time it takes light to travel c. The
    distance light travels in a year
  • b. The distance from Earth to the Sun d. The
    time it takes light to travel from the Sun
  • What is an A.U.?
  • a. The distance from Earth to Sun c. ½ the
    diameter of Earths orbit
  • b. The radius of the Earths orbit d. All of
    the above
  • The Geographic North Pole on Earth corresponds to
    what part of the Celestial Sphere?
  • a. The Equator c. 90º West
  • b. 90º North d. 90º East
  • What is the approximate tilt of the Earth?
  • a. 10º c. 23º
  • b. 29º d. If the Earth tilts, why dont I
    fall off my chair?
  • When is the Vernal Equinox?
  • a. December 22 c. September 23
  • b. June 21 d. March 21
  • Which is longer, the sidereal day, or the solar
    day?
  • a. Sidereal day c. Solar day
  • b. They are the same d. It depends upon the
    season

4
  • What is the actual name of the North Star
  • Arcturus c. Betelgeuse
  • Andromeda d. Polaris
  • When will the parallax be the greatest?
  • When an object is small c. When an object is
    near
  • When an object is far away d. When an object is
    big
  • What is the smallest part of a circle?
  • An hour c. A minute
  • A degree d. A second
  • When is the Autumnal equinox?
  • December 22 c. September 23
  • b. June 21 d. March 2
  • Which is shorter (by 4 minutes)?
  • Solar day c. Sidereal day
  • Astronomical day d. Venusian day
  • The Sun, the Moon and all of the planets will
    follow the same general path across the sky.
  • What is the name of the path that they all
    generally follow?
  • Celestial equator c. Solar equator
  • Planetary pathway d. Ecliptic

5
  • What is a light-year?
  • a. The time it takes light to travel c. The
    distance light travels in a year
  • b. The distance from Earth to the Sun d. The
    time it takes light to travel from the Sun
  • What is an A.U.?
  • a. The distance from Earth to Sun c. ½ the
    diameter of Earths orbit
  • b. The radius of the Earths orbit d. All of
    the above
  • What star does the big dipper point to?
  • a. Rigel c. Arcturus
  • b. Polaris d. Paris Hilton
  • Where is your zodiac sign?
  • a. Dawn on your birthday c. High in the night
    sky on your b-day
  • b. Behind the Sun on your b-day d. Dusk on
    your b-day
  • How long does it take for Earth to complete one
    wobble through the zodiac?
  • a. 5,000 years c. 25,000 years
  • b. 10,000 years d. 100,000 years

6
  • 1. Who interpreted Brahe's observations about the
    planets?
  • Newton c. Kepler
  • Aristotle d. Ptolemy
  • Who showed that epicycles are simply impossible?
  • Galileo Galilei c. Ptolemy
  • Kepler d. Isaac Newton
  • What causes seasons to change on Earth?
  • The changing size of our orbit c. The tilt of
    the Earth
  • The moon's shadow d. Solar output
  • What does heliocentric mean?
  • Sun-centered solar system c. Earth-centered
    solar system
  • A solar system dominated by epicycles d. A solar
    system with halo orbits
  • Who developed the theory of a Sun centered solar
    system?
  • Galileo Galilei c. Ptolemy
  • Keller d. Nicholas Copernicus

7
  • 1. 1 millimeter is the same as what?
  • a. 1x103 meter c. 1x102 meter
  • b. 1x10-3 meter d. 1x10-2 meter
  • 2. If the Sun turned off right now, when would
    be find out about it?
  • a. Immediately c. In 1.25 seconds
  • b. In 8.25 light-minutes d. In 8.25 minutes
  • Which orbit would be the most elongated, or the
    most flattened circle?
  • a. Eccentricity of .001 c. Eccentricity of
    1.00
  • b. Eccentricity of 0.000 d. Eccentricity of
    .95
  • Where will the orbiting planet be traveling the
    fastest?
  • Earth's orbit is almost completely circular.
    Where are the two focal points of its orbit?
  • On either side of the sun c. The Sun, and by
    Mercury

8
  • A star coming towards a person at great speed
    will appear to be more
  • Red c. Blue
  • Unchanging d. Massive
  • The most energetic waves are
  • Ultraviolet c. Blue
  • X-ray d. Gamma
  • An object's sound changes to an observer, when
    the emitter is moving. What is this?
  • Coreolis effect c. Kelvin effect
  • Wingstrom effect d. Doppler effect
  • Rays that give a sunburn are
  • Infrared c. Gamma
  • Ultraviolet d. X-ray
  • What kind of electromagnetic radiation would have
    wavelengths as large as a mountain.
  • Gamma c. Radio
  • Visible d. Infrared

9
  • Which type of electromagnetic radiation is the
    fastest?
  • Gamma radiation c. Blue light
  • Red light d. All are the same
  • What is the speed of visible light?
  • 3,000 meters per second c. 3,000,000 meters per
    second
  • 3,000,000,000 meters per second d. 300,000,000
    meters per second
  • Which type of radiation is the most penetrating?
  • Alpha c. Beta
  • Gamma d. All are the same
  • Which of these has the shortest wavelength
    (highest Hz)
  • Radio wave c. Blue visible light
  • Red visible light d. Gamma wave
  • What is the name of the particle that carries the
    electromagnetic spectrum (light).
  • Proton c. Positron
  • Photon d. Lightron

10
  • If an object is moving away, its pitch will be
  • Higher c. Lower
  • Slower d. Faster
  • If an object is moving towards you, it will
    appear
  • Faster c. Slower
  • Redder d. Bluer
  • When the sound of things change due to movement,
    it is the
  • Coreolis effect c. Doppler effect
  • Carson effect d. Darwin effect
  • Light can only go one speed, it is
  • 3,000,000 meters per second c. 300,000,000 m/s
  • 300,000 km/s d. All of the above

11
  • Who believed in epicycles?
  • Copernicus c. Keppler
  • Leviticus d. Ptolemy
  • What type of radiation is most penetrating?
  • Alpha c. Gamma
  • Beta d. Helium nuclei
  • The electromagnetic wave with the longest
    wavelength is what?
  • Radio c. Gamma
  • Visible d. Microwave
  • The Doppler effect is caused by what?
  • Movement of energy source c. Movement of
    receiver
  • Movement of energy source or receiver c. The
    Doppler effect?
  • What is the eccentricity of Earths (almost
    circular) orbit?
  • 0.0167 c. 0.255
  • .750 d. 0.995
  • e. Can I take this in summer
    school?

12
  • A telescope that uses glass lenses to bend light
    is called what?
  • a. A reflecting scope b. A Kepler scope
  • c. A refracting scope d. A Dipper scope
  • A telescope that uses a mirror to reflect light
    is called what?
  • a. A reflecting scope b. A Doppler scope
  • c. A refracting scope d. A radio scope
  • The next best scope will be the
  • a. Hubble telescope b. Dragnet telescope
  • c. James Webb telescope d. Newtonian
    telescope
  • 4. What is the eccentricity of Earth?
  • a. Near zero b. Near one
  • b. About .500 d. Changes by seasons
  • Who thought that the orbits of the planets was
    dominated by epicycles?
  • a. Ptolemy b. Newton
  • c. Keppler d. Copernicus
  • What does retrograde mean?
  • a. Going backwards b. Going fast c. Going
    down d. Stopping e. Starting

13
  • How long is a Lunar day?
  • 24 hours c. 27 days
  • 30 days d. 365 days
  • About how big is the moon, as compared to Earth
    (diameter)?
  • 1/10th the size c. 1/20th the size
  • 1/2 the size d. 1/4th the size
  • What color is the sky on the moon?
  • Blue c. No color
  • Black d. Bright as stars
  • The dark parts of the moon are called what?
  • Highland c. Maria
  • Terrane d. Plains
  • The year we landed on the moon was?
  • 1967 c. 1972
  • 1969 d. Yeah, we landed on the moon

14
  • How much higher are the highlands on the Moon,
    than the rest of the planet?
  • What are highlands c. About the same
  • About 500 meters d. 1 3 kilometers
  • Comparatively speaking, how big is the core of
    the Moon?
  • About average c. Pretty large
  • Small d. Same as Earths
  • The Earth is about 4.6 billion years old. How
    old is the Moon?
  • 4.4 billion years old c. 4.4 million years old
  • 4.6 billion years old d. No one has a clue
  • Compared to the near side of the Moon, the far
    side is
  • Cratered c. Smooth
  • Dark d. Covered in Maria
  • How many times did man land on the moon?
  • Five c. Six
  • Seven d. None, and I can prove it!!

15
  • What does phase locked mean?
  • Orbital periods are the same c. Same side
    always faces the orbited body
  • Planets start looking the same d. Tides
    disappear
  • Compared to the Earth, what is the mass of the
    moon?
  • 1/4th c. ½
  • 1/16th d. 1/64th
  • How long does it take for light to get to the
    moon and back?
  • 1 second c. 2 seconds
  • 5 seconds d. 67 seconds
  • What is another name for the moon?
  • Sol c. Dykstra
  • Luna d. Tsuuni
  • About what is the gravity on the moon, compared
    to Earth?
  • 1/4th c. ½
  • 1/6th d. 1/64th

16
  • 1. Mercury has been geologically dead for
    about how long (in years)?
  • 1,000,000 c. 1,000,000,000
  • 4,000,000,000 d. 4,000,000
  • 2. A series of cliffs on the surface of Mercury,
    that were formed after the end of the meteorite
    storms and after the geology has stopped, are
    called what?
  • Caloris highlands c. Scarps
  • Weird areas d. Entrapments
  • 3. The Weird Areas were formed by
  • Geological activity c. Planetary shrinkage
  • Meteor impacts d. Lava erosion
  • The reason for the magnetic field around Mercury
    is what?
  • The partially molten core d. Rapid rotation of
    the planet
  • Leftover magnetized rocks e. IDK, but maybe b
    and d
  • Really, you think I care?
  • The Iron core of Mercury is
  • Larger than Earths by percentage, smaller by
    size c. Larger than Earths by size and
    percentage
  • Smaller than Earths by percentage and size d.
    Smaller than Earth by percentage, larger by size
  • What does the planetary symbol of Mercury look
    like?
  • A satanic Venus (with horns) c. A satanic
    Earth (with horns)
  • A woman with a mirror d. A circle throwing a
    spear

17
  • 1. Venuss atmosphere is made up mostly of?
  • a. Carbon trioxide c. Sulfur dioxide
  • b. Carbon dioxide d. Sulfuric acid
  • Lava domes are probably a result of ?
  • a. Magma plumes and volcanism c. Meteor
    impacts
  • b. Plate tectonics d. Core contraction
  • The Continents are named
  • a. Ishtar Terra and Diaphones c. Apollo and
    Nexus
  • b. Aphrodite and Ishtar Terra d. Firstus and
    Lastus
  • The reason the magnetic field is so weak may be
    either of these reasons.
  • Slow rotation and high surface temperature d.
    Carbon dioxide and water in atmosphere
  • A completely solidified core, and high air
    pressure e. Vesuvian rocks are non magnetic, and
    high heat
  • A lack of water and iron isotopes in crustal
    material?
  • Which of these statements is true?
  • The surface of Venus has volcanoes, but no plate
    tectonics c. Venus has volcanoes and plate
    tectonics
  • Venus has no volcanoes, nor plate tectonics d.
    Venus has plate tectonics but no volcanoes
  • What does the planetary symbol of Venus look
    like? (A B C D E and the moon)

18
  • 1. Mars is about how old?
  • 4,500,000 years old c. 4,000,000,000
  • 4,500,000,000 years old d. There is no way to
    tell
  • Mars's atmosphere is made up mostly of
  • Nitrogen c. Carbon dioxide
  • Sulfuric acid d. Oxygen
  • The air pressure on Mars is about what fraction
    of that on Earth?
  • 1/100th c. 1/25th
  • 1/1000th d. About the same
  • What is true about water on Mars?
  • There is a little bit of water on the
    surface c. There may be some in permafrost
  • There are significant amounts in the
    atmosphere d. There used to be huge, deep oceans
  • What is true about the density of the planet
    Mars?
  • It has about the same density of Earth c. It is
    less dense than Earth
  • It is slightly more dense than Earth d. Without
    actually going there, no one can really tell
  • Why do volcanoes grow so large on Mars?
  • The volcanoes are less dense c. There is less
    gravity
  • The air is much thinner d. There is no water
    for them to sink into

19
  • 1. Mars is about how old?
  • 4,500,000 years old c. 4,000,000,000
  • 4,500,000,000 years old d. There is no way to
    tell
  • Mars's atmosphere is made up mostly of
  • Nitrogen c. Carbon dioxide
  • Sulfuric acid d. Oxygen
  • The air pressure on Mars is about what fraction
    of that on Earth?
  • 1/100th c. 1/25th
  • 1/1000th d. About the same
  • What is true about water on Mars?
  • There is a little bit of water on the
    surface c. There may be some in permafrost
  • There are significant amounts in the
    atmosphere d. There used to be huge, deep oceans
  • What is true about the density of the planet
    Mars?
  • It has about the same density of Earth c. It is
    less dense than Earth
  • It is slightly more dense than Earth d. Without
    actually going there, no one can really tell
  • Why do volcanoes grow so large on Mars?
  • The volcanoes are less dense c. There is less
    gravity
  • The air is much thinner d. There is no water
    for them to sink into
  • The idea that life on Earth first started on Mars
    is called what?

20
  • 1. Jupiter has
  • a. Dark zones and light belts c. Dark belts
    and light zones
  • b. Dark zones and dark belts d. Light zones
    and light belts
  • 2. Jupiter was first seen clearly (and its
    moons) by
  • a. Brache c. Kepler
  • b. Galileo d. Newton
  • 3. The four Galilean moons are
  • a. Luna, Io, Europa and Tital c. Io, Europa,
    Ganymede and Calisto
  • b. Titan, Europa, Ganymede and Germania d.
    Ganymede, Europa, Io and Titan
  • 4. The strong magnetic field is caused by
  • a. A fast rotating rocky core c. A rotating
    liquid metal core of Helium
  • b. A fast rotating core of solid hydrogen d. A
    radioactive core
  • 5. The moons are heated by
  • a. small by resilient cores c. Ancient
    asteroid bombardment
  • b. tidal bending d. Jupiters magnetic field
  • 6. Jupiter is made up mostly of what?
  • a. a small rocky core c. Hydrogen and Helium
    gas
  • b. metallic hydrogen d. Liquid Hydrogen and
    Helium
  • 7. Jupiter gives off more thermal energy than it
    takes in from the Sun. Where does it come from?

21
  • 1. The most obvious difference between a simple
    and complex crater is the presence of what?
  • a. Extensive ray systems c. Central peak
  • b. Shocked quartz d. A raised outer rim
  • 2. A boloid is another name for
  • a. A meteor c. A meteoroid
  • b. A comet d. Any impactor
  • 3. The largest impact crater in the Solar System
    is
  • a. The dinosaur impact crater in Mexico c. The
    Caloris impact crater on Mercury
  • b. The Northern Hemisphere on Mars d.
    Craterous Olympus on Mars
  • 4. The largest impact crater in the continental
    United States is in what state?
  • a. Arizona c. New Mexico
  • b. Ontario d. Iowa
  • 5. The average speed of a meteor hitting Earth
    would be about what? Really rough average.
  • a. 10 kilometer per second c. 36,000
    kilometers per hour
  • b. 22,500 miles per hour d. 375 milers per
    minute

22
  • What is a type-C meteor mostly made of?
  • Iron and nickel c. Dimes and quarters
  • Carbon compounds d. Silicate rocks
  • What killed off the dinosaurs?
  • Volcanoes with a meteor knock-out punch c.
    Smoking
  • Greenhouse gases d. Hopelessness to ever move
    up the food chain, or have opposable thumbs
  • What are the two tails of a comet called?
  • Ion and charged c. Dust and visible
  • Dust and Ion d. Ion and following
  • When will the next planet killer hit Earth?
  • When the aliens send it c. Not a matter of if,
    only when, and we dont know
  • December 21, 2012 d. They are all out of the
    Suns orbit by now.
  • Why is Venus so bright?
  • It has a high oblateness c. It has a high
    albedo
  • It has a low oblateness d. It has a low albedo

23
  • The main fuel in a star is what?
  • Helium c. Iron
  • Hydrogen d. Carbon
  • A normal star will last about how long?
  • 10,000,000 years c. 10,000,000,000 years
  • 1,000,000 years d. It depends upon the fuel
    burned
  • Which will last longer?
  • Large star c. Small star
  • Hot star d. Old star
  • Which star would probably be older
  • High hydrogen content c. High He to H ratio
  • Low He to H ratio d. The hotter one
  • 5. How far away is our nearest star?

24
  • Who is generally considered the father of the
    S.E.T.I. project?
  • Karl Gauss c. Kepler
  • James Watson DeKlerk d. Frank Drake
  • What was the name of the monk, who was burned at
    the stake for suggesting the existence of
    extra-terrestrial life?
  • Bruno Hauptman c. Giordano Bruno
  • James Watson DeKlerk d. Karl Gauss
  • 3. The frequency of electromagnetic radiation
    that is generally called the watering hole is
    between about two and three gigahertz. Why is
    this a good place to listen for aliens?
  • At this frequency, water is heard c. Water
    vibrates naturally at this frequency
  • There is little other radiation at this Hz d.
    This is hydrogen times pi
  • Panspermia is the idea that what happens?
  • Life DEVELOPS everywhere c. Life is SPREAD
    everywhere
  • Life IS everywhere d. Life is POSSIBLE
    everywhere
  • What was the name of the Astronomer that put the
    plaque of a man/woman and directions to Earth on
    the first spaceship to leave the Solar System?
  • Frank Drake c. Leonoid Kosegan
  • Carl Sagan d. Stephen Hawkingston

25
  • Which view of the Universe expressly forbids the
    existence of a universal clock?
  • Newtonian c. Quantum mechanics
  • Relativity d. Uniformitarianism
  • You are in a space ship that can travel at
    relativistic speeds (that means approaching the
    speed of light). You leave for a cruise of the
    galaxy, and return just in time for your twin
    brothers retirement party. You, however, are
    still not old enough to legally consume C2H6O.
    What has happened?
  • Your watch has moved too slowly c. His watch
    moved too fast
  • Your watch was to slow, his was too fast d.
    Nothing abnormal happened
  • Which really is correct?
  • Quantum mechanics is correct c. Newton is
    always right
  • Einstein is always correct d. It depends upon
    your perspective
  • Yesterday is but a memory, tomorrow is but a
    dream. This implies that time does NOT exist at
    all, because it precludes what?
  • Order c. Simultaneity
  • Duration d. Continuity
  • You look up at the sky. You see a star that has
    a size and mass indicating that it will exist on
    the main sequence for only 200,000 years. The
    star is 500,000 light years away.
  • a. Does the star exist?
  • b. What definition of time are you using to
    come to this conclusion?

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