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History Through Literature

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HISTORY THROUGH LITERATURE Chapter 8: The War in the Pacific Imperial Japan 1931 invades Manchuria 1934 withdraws from the Washington Naval Treaty 1935 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: History Through Literature


1
History Through Literature
  • Chapter 8 The War in the Pacific

2
Imperial Japan
  • 1931 invades Manchuria
  • 1934 withdraws from the Washington Naval Treaty
  • 1935 leaves the League of Nations
  • 1937 invades rest of China
  • 1940 invades French Indo-China (Vietnam)
  • US places oil embargo on Japan
  • Led be Emperor Hirohito (d1989) and PM Toja -
    Militarism

3
Henderson Field
  • Located on Guadalcanal Island in the Solomon
    Islands
  • Japanese building airfield which would be a
    threat to Australia.
  • 6 months of fighting until Japanese gave up

4
Zero
  • Superior fighter for the Japanese Navy until mid
    1943 when US finally designed better fighters
  • Had great rate of turn.
  • Japanese never replaced it.
  • Nicknamed Zeke US had to have quick code
    words for Japanese planes
  • Males names fighters female names - bombers

5
Kamikazes
  • Divine Wind
  • Typhoons that saved Japan in 1274 and 1281
    destroying Mongolian invasion fleets
  • Was going to save Japan from US invasion fleet
  • Suicide attacks
  • Funerals held with family before pilots got in
    plane.

6
Island Battles
  • Guam part of the Mariana Islands, attacked on
    the 7th, US territory.
  • Saipan Northern Mariana Islands, 3 week battle,
    civilians threw themselves off cliffs
  • Tinian - sister Island to the south of Saipan
    US built 2 huge runways there Enola Gay took
    off from there.
  • Iwo Jima fierce fighting flag raising
  • Okinawa tremendous fighting, 150,00 civilians
    died - 340 miles from Japan largest amphibious
    landing ever (D-Day)
  • Peleliu needed for an airfield to protect
    McArthur in the Philippines highest casualty
    rate in the war.

7
US Marines
  • Semper Fi
  • Semper Fidelis always faithful
  • Marine Corp Motto
  • Best fighting force in WWII the US Marines
  • Army close second
  • Force projection from sea under Navy
  • Army, airforce, and navy
  • elite

8
Battered Bastards of Bataan
  • 60 mile death march of the survivors of the
    Philippine surrender of US forces
  • 75,000 men (Filipino)
  • Close to 20,000 didnt make it
  • No food, sip of water 6 day march in tropic
    heat
  • If you fell you were stabbed, if you stopped to
    help someone, you were shot some decapitated

9
Potsdam Conference
  • July 1945
  • Churchill, Stalin, and new President Truman meet
    near Berlin
  • Issue a stern ultimatum (Potsdam Ultimatum) to
    the Japanese surrender or be destroyed
  • Unconditional Surrender lose the Emperor
  • August 6th Hiroshima
  • August 9th Nagasaki
  • Beginning of the Cold War

10
The Atomic Bomb
  • I have become Death the destroyer of Worlds
    Oppenheimer
  • Manhattan Project 2 billion dollars
  • 3 bombs Los Alamos then Japan
  • August 10th We will surrender if the Emperor
    can stay Truman accepted on August 14th
  • Sept 2nd 1945 official surrender
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