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WPS Handler Safety Training

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Title: WPS Worker Safety Training Author: bbuffing Last modified by: bbuffing Created Date: 7/20/2009 4:11:57 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: WPS Handler Safety Training


1
WPS Handler Safety Training
  • Forest

2
What does the Worker Protection Standard cover?
  • Pesticides used in production of agricultural
    plants

Forests
Farms
Greenhouses
Nurseries
3
Who does the Worker Protection Standard protect?
  1. Agricultural Workers
  2. Early-entry workers
  3. Pesticide Handlers

4
Agricultural workers
  • Do hand labor, such as planting, watering, and
    pruning

Joe Murray, Treebio.com
5
Early-entry workers
  • Perform special tasks involving anything that has
    been treated with a pesticide

6
Pesticide handlers
  • Mix, load, apply, clean, or repair equipment
  • Perform other tasks in direct contact with
    pesticides

7
WPS safety concept the label
  • Format and meaning of information contained on
    pesticide labels and in labeling, including
    safety information such as precautionary
    statements about human health hazards

8
Labels and labeling
  • Information attached to container or referred to
    on the label or accompanying literature

Betsy Buffington, Iowa State University
9
Name of product
  • Brand name
  • Common name(s)
  • Chemical name

Active Ingredient picloram 4-amino-3,5,6-trichlo
ropicolinic acid, triisopropanolamine
salt.....5.4 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic
acid, triisopropanolamine salt ..20.9 Oth
er Ingredients.73.7 Total
.....100.0
10
Ingredient statement
Active Ingredient picloram 4-amino-3,5,6-trichlo
ropicolinic acid, triisopropanolamine
salt.....5.4 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic
acid, triisopropanolamine salt ...20.9 Oth
er Ingredients ....73.7 Total
.....100.0
11
  • EPA registration number
  • EPA establishment number
  • Used to identify the product
  • Used to identify where product was produced

EPA Reg. No. 62719-31
EPA Est. No. 62719-001
Needed for ? Poisoning ? Claims of misuse ?
Liability claims ? Restricted use pesticide
records
12
Use classification
  • General use
  • Restricted use
  • No label statement
  • RUP statement required
  • Certification

13
Signal words
14
Precautionary statements
  • Hazards to humans and animals
  • Ways product may be poisonous

15
Precautionary statements
  • PPE
  • Minimum protective equipment that must be worn

Max Williamson, USDA Forest Service
16
Precautionary statements
  • Environmental hazards
  • What to do to avoid environmental damage

17
Precautionary statements
  • Physical and chemical hazards
  • Fire, explosion, or chemical hazards

18
Statement of practical treatment
  • What to do if poisoning occurs

19
Directions for use
  1. Why the pesticide is being used
  2. Where the pesticide should be applied
  3. How the pesticide is applied
  4. When the pesticide should be applied

20
(No Transcript)
21
Restricted entry interval
  • Time that must pass before people can re-enter
    area without appropriate PPE
  • Stated on the pesticide label
  • Most are 4 or 12 hours
  • Longer for some pesticides

22
Restricted entry interval
AGRICULTURAL USE REQUIREMENTS Use this product
only in accordance with its labeling and with the
Worker Protection Standard, 40 CFR Part 170. This
Standard contains requirements for the protection
of agricultural workers on farms, forests,
nurseries and greenhouses, and handlers of
agricultural pesticides. It contains requirements
for training, decontamination, notification, and
emergency assistance. It also contains specific
instructions and exceptions pertaining to the
statements on this label about personal
protective equipment (PPE), and restricted entry
interval. The requirements in this box only apply
to uses of this product that are covered by the
Worker Protection Standard. Do not enter or allow
entry into treated areas during the restricted
entry interval (REI) of 12 hours. PPE required
for early entry to treated areas that is
permitted under the Worker Protection Standard
and that involves contact with anything that has
been treated such as plants, soil or water is
coveralls, chemical-resistant gloves such as
barrier laminate or butyl rubber or nitrile
rubber or viton, shoes plus socks and protective
eye wear. NON-AGRICULTURAL USE
REQUIREMENTS The requirements in this box apply
to uses of this product that are NOT within the
scope of the Worker Protection Standard (WPS) for
agricultural pesticides (40 CFR Part 170). The
WPS applies when this product is used to produce
agricultural plants on farms, forests, nurseries
or greenhouses. For ornamental turf uses (golf
courses, cemeteries, parks and other turfgrasss
areas), do not allow people (other than
applicator) or pets on treatment area during
application. Do not enter treatment areas until
sprays have dried.
23
Early entry workers
AGRICULTURAL USE REQUIREMENTS Use this product
only in accordance with its labeling and with the
Worker Protection Standard, 40 CFR Part 170. This
Standard contains requirements for the protection
of agricultural workers on farms, forests,
nurseries and greenhouses, and handlers of
agricultural pesticides. It contains requirements
for training, decontamination, notification, and
emergency assistance. It also contains specific
instructions and exceptions pertaining to the
statements on this label about personal
protective equipment (PPE), and restricted entry
interval. The requirements in this box only apply
to uses of this product that are covered by the
Worker Protection Standard. Do not enter or allow
entry into treated areas during the restricted
entry interval (REI) of 12 hours. PPE required
for early entry to treated areas that is
permitted under the Worker Protection Standard
and that involves contact with anything that has
been treated such as plants, soil or water is
coveralls, chemical-resistant gloves such as
barrier laminate or butyl rubber or nitrile
rubber or viton, shoes plus socks and protective
eye wear. NON-AGRICULTURAL USE
REQUIREMENTS The requirements in this box apply
to uses of this product that are NOT within the
scope of the Worker Protection Standard (WPS) for
agricultural pesticides (40 CFR Part 170). The
WPS applies when this product is used to produce
agricultural plants on farms, forests, nurseries
or greenhouses. For ornamental turf uses (golf
courses, cemeteries, parks and other turfgrasss
areas), do not allow people (other than
applicator) or pets on treatment area during
application. Do not enter treatment areas until
sprays have dried.
24
Non-agricultural use requirements
  • If WPS does not apply, then follow these
    instructions

25
Storage and disposal
  • How to best store and dispose of product and/or
    product container

26
WPS safety concept pesticide hazards
  • Hazards of pesticides resulting from toxicity and
    exposure, including
  • Acute effects
  • Chronic effects
  • Delayed effects
  • Sensitization

27
Hazard Exposure x Toxicity
  • High exposure
  • 90 100 x 90
  • No exposure
  • 0 0 x 90

28
How can pesticide exposure occur?
Mixing/Loading
Application
Plant residues
29
Three farm workers gave birth to infants with
birth defects. Environmental Health Perspectives,
2007, ehponline.org
Insecticide farm worker applied a carbamate
insecticide for several days. He became nauseous,
dizzy, weak, and had a headache. Michigan
pesticide surveillance report, 2005
Herbicide a worker was spraying glyphosate, the
end of the hose came off and some sprayed on his
mouth. He became nauseous and vomited. Michigan
pesticide surveillance report, 2005
Fungicide farm worker mixing fungicide rested
his arm on a spill, it became red, irritated, and
very itchy. Michigan pesticide Surveillance
report, 2005
30
Toxicity is..
  • The potential of a chemical to be poisonous
  • Expressed as LD50
  • Lethal dose for 50 of the population

31
Signal words
Signal Word Toxicity Oral Lethal Dose (Human, 150 lbs.)
Caution Low toxicity 1 ounce to more than a pint
Warning Moderately toxic 1 teaspoon to 1 tablespoon
Danger Highly toxic Few drops to 1 teaspoon
Danger- Poison Highly toxic to humans Few drops to 1 teaspoon
32
Acute toxicity
  • High level, one time exposure

33
Chronic toxicity
  • Effects are not seen until much later
  • Result of repeated exposures

34
Chronic toxicity can cause
  • Cancer
  • Tumors
  • Birth defects
  • Infertility or sterility
  • Impotence
  • Blood disorders
  • Brain damage
  • Paralysis
  • Emphysema, asthma
  • Kidney problems

35
Sensitization
  • Gradual development of allergic reaction to
    pesticide

36
WPS safety concept routes of entry
  • Routes by which pesticides can enter the body

37
Dermal exposure
  • Spilling concentrate during mixing and loading
  • Wind shift during spraying and getting covered
    with pesticide drift
  • Most common way applicators are exposed

38
Oral exposure
  • Accidently drinking pesticide
  • Not washing hands before eating
  • Most common route that children are poisoned

39
Inhalation exposure
  • Mixing and loading in a confined area

40
Ocular exposure
  • Rubbing eyes with contaminated hands or clothing
  • Immediate absorption

41
WPS safety concept signs and symptoms
  • Signs and symptoms of common types of pesticide
    poisonings

42
Pesticide poisoning symptoms
  • Mild poisoning
  • Severe poisoning
  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness
  • Excessive sweating
  • Stomach cramps
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Blurred vision

43
WPS safety concept first aid medical care
  • Emergency first aid for pesticide injuries or
    poisonings
  • How to obtain medical care

44
Dermal exposure
  • Rinse with water
  • Remove contaminated clothing
  • Wash with plenty of soap and water

45
Oral exposure
  • Rinse mouth with water
  • Do not induce vomiting if
  • victim is unconscious
  • having convulsions
  • petroleum based product
  • corrosive pesticide
  • label specifies NOT to induce vomiting

PESTICIDE
46
Inhalation exposure
  • Remove to fresh air
  • Loosen tight clothing
  • Keep air passages clear
  • Perform artificial respiration if necessary

47
Eye exposure
  • Wash eye with a gentle stream of clean water for
    15 minutes
  • Get medical attention if there is pain or
    reddening of the eye

48
Obtaining medical care
49
WPS safety concept obtaining emergency medical
care
  • How to obtain emergency medical care

50
If you suspect poisoning
  1. Contact a doctor immediately
  2. Tell what pesticides were being used and the EPA
    registration number
  3. Take labels along if medical care is needed

51
Safety poster
52
Employers responsibilities
  • Must provide transportation to hospital
  • Must provide medical personnel with
  • Product name, EPA registration number and active
    ingredient
  • Product label
  • Circumstances of application
  • Circumstances of exposure

53
WPS safety concept decontamination
  • Routine and emergency decontamination procedures

54
Everyday decontamination
55
Emergency decontamination
  • Stop work and leave work area
  • Remove contaminated clothing
  • Rinse exposed skin with water right away
  • Wash with soap and water ASAP
  • Provide assistance if necessary
  • Medical attention may be necessary
  • Provide information

56
Eye flushing technique
  • Use eye-wash fountain or pour water in eyes
  • Hold eye open while flushing
  • Move eye ball and eye lid
  • Flush for minimum of 15 minutes
  • Seek medical attention ASAP

Rich McColley, Iowa State University
57
WPS safety concept personal protective equipment
  • Need for and appropriate use of personal
    protective equipment

58
Minimize exposure
59
Additional PPE needed during mixing loading
  • Unlined Boots
  • Gloves
  • Apron
  • Goggles
  • Respirator (if required on the label)

60
Hand protection
  • Types
  • Nitrile
  • Neoprene
  • Butyl
  • Viton
  • Latex
  • Laminate

61
Protection for the body
Joyce Hornstein, Iowa State University
62
Eye face protection
Rich McColley, Iowa State University
63
Respiratory protection NIOSH approved
Note Medical approval, fit test and additional
training required
Rich McColley, Iowa State University
64
Care and maintenance
  • Inspect before each use
  • Replace damaged or worn parts
  • Properly dispose of damaged, contaminated or
    worn out PPE to prevent reuse

Joyce Hornstein, Iowa State University
65
WPS safety concept heat stress
  • Prevention, recognition and first aid treatment
    of heat-related illness

66
Heat exhaustion symptoms
  • Sweating or dry skin
  • Headache
  • Fatigue
  • Dry mouth
  • Fast pulse (slow if person has fainted)
  • Nausea
  • Dilated (large) pupils
  • Loss of coordination
  • Confusion
  • Fainting (quick recovery)

67
Control heat stress
  • Drink lots of water
  • Build up heat tolerance
  • Take periodic breaks

68
Treatment of heat stress
  • Get out of the sun
  • Drink fluids
  • Loosen or remove clothing
  • Get help

Bill Schall, Florida Grower
69
WPS safety concept handling pesticides
  • Safety requirements for handling, transporting,
    storing and disposing of pesticides, including
    general procedures for spill cleanup

70
Transporting pesticides
  • Not inside closed vehicle with people
  • Not with food or feed
  • Tied down and secured

Joyce Hornstein, Iowa State University
71
Protect sensitive areas from pesticides
  • Avoid spraying near
  • Beehives, water bodies, houses, urban areas,
    sensitive crops
  • When spraying
  • Not on windy days
  • Downwind from sensitive areas
  • Early morning when people pets are not present

72
Cleaning instructions
  • Refer to pesticide labels and sprayer manual on
    how to properly clean sprayer
  • Check the label for special cleaning instructions
    and warnings of sensitive crops affected by tank
    contamination

73
Disposal of excess mixed pesticide and rinsate
  • Apply on an area listed on the label
  • May be applied to sprayed area as long as the
    total of both applications doesnt exceed label
    rate

74
Storage of pesticides
  • Store separately in a locked, labeled, vented
    cabinet, room, or building
  • Inform others of pesticide hazards
  • Maintain a list of your pesticides

Betsy Buffington, Iowa State University
75
Storage area safety equipment
  • Water supply
  • Soap
  • Eyewash bottle
  • Fire extinguisher
  • Absorbent material
  • Shovel
  • Broom
  • Dustpan
  • Trash can

76
Store pesticides in their original containers
  • If a container is broken, leaking, or torn, put
    the contents into a similar bottle, jug, or bag
  • Transfer the old containers label onto the new
    one or get a replacement label from your dealer
  • Applies only to end user applicators

77
Pesticide containers
  • It is unlawful in Iowa to sell or distribute a
    pesticide except in the registrants or
    manufacturers unbroken immediate container that
    contains the pesticide product label

78
Disposing of surplus pesticides
  • Contact other possible users
  • Do not give RUPs to person that is not certified
    to apply them
  • If legal, use product up according to label
    directions

79
Cleaning empty containers
  • Triple rinse
  • Pressure rinse Rinse with specialized nozzle for
    30 seconds
  • Gently tap bags and other dry formulation
    containers to dislodge remaining product

80
Recycle pesticide containers
  • DNR landfills or recycling centers
  • Several across Iowa
  • Container Services Network
  • Provides large tote bags, will collect
  • Cropland Containers
  • Accepts most containers

81
WPS safety concept environment concerns
  • Environmental concerns such as drift, runoff and
    wildlife hazards

82
Particle drift
  • Off-target movement of small particles or drops
    occurring during or after the application

83
Vapor drift
  • Off target movement of vapors produced up to
    several days after application

84
Surface water contamination
Runoff
Soil
Surface water
  • Pesticides can move in surface water by either
    runoff or erosion

85
Groundwater contamination
  • Pesticide moves downward in the soil profile with
    percolating water
  • Occurs mainly in sandy soils
  • Particularly a problem with shallow-dug wells

86
Groundwater advisory
Groundwater Forum
87
Management practices
  • Prevent back-siphoning and spills

88
Spill management
  1. Control
  2. Contain
  3. Clean up

Lisa Hlavinka, The Gazette
89
Reporting spills
  • Iowa DNR spill reporting
  • National Response Center
  • All pesticide spills resulting in hazardous
    conditions must be reported by phone ASAP, but no
    later than 6 hours after occurrence
  • Initial report must be followed by a written
    report to the DNR w/in 30 days.
  • Federal law requires notification w/in 15 minutes
    when oil or hazardous substances are discharged
    and meet or exceed reportable quantities.

90
How can pesticides contact nontarget species?
  • Direct contact
  • Drift
  • Runoff
  • Residues

Your best protection is to Read the Label!
91
WPS safety concept taking pesticides home
  • Warnings about taking pesticides or pesticide
    containers home

92
Do not take pesticides home
EPA.gov
93
WPS safety concept explanation of WPS
requirements that handlers must follow
  • Prohibition against applying pesticides in a
    manner that will cause contact with workers or
    others
  • Requirements to use PPE
  • Provisions for training and decontamination
  • Protection against retaliatory acts

94
Central location information
95
(No Transcript)
96
TREATED AREA INFORMATION Location of treated
area plot 7 Name of pesticide Tordon RTU EPA
registration No. 62719-31 Active ingredient
picloram Time and date of application 7 am, July
31 Restricted Entry Interval (REI) 48 hours Do
not enter until 7 am, August 2
97
Notification of pesticide application
  • Employers must post signs around treated areas
  • Provide oral warnings

OR
98
Field signs must be posted
  • Post at all normal entrances
  • Post 24 hrs or less before application
  • Remove within 3 days after REI expires

99
Protections during applications
  • Handler and Handler Employer shall assure that no
    pesticide is applied so as to contact any person,
    either directly or through drift

100
Personal protective equipment
  • Employers must ensure
  • Appropriate PPE is available and used correctly
  • PPE is inspected before use and is operating
    correctly
  • PPE is put on, taken off, cleaned or replaced,
    and stored correctly

101
Handler training requirements
  • Must be trained before do any handling task
  • Training required every 5 years

102
Requirements for training handlers
  • Certified applicator
  • Designated trainer by IDALS
  • Trained WPS Handlers can train WPS Workers

103
Decontamination supplies for handlers
  • Water
  • 3 gallons/handler
  • Soap
  • Single-use towels
  • Coveralls
  • Eye wash

104
Location of decontamination supplies
  • Workers
  • Within ¼ mile
  • Handlers
  • At mixing site

105
Keep decontamination supplies available
  • 30 days beyond REI
  • 7 days, if REI is 4 hours or less

106
Retaliation prohibited
  • Employers or supervisors must not prevent or
    discourage workers or handlers from complying or
    attempting to comply with the WPS
  • Employer must not fire or otherwise retaliate
    against any worker or handler who attempts to
    comply

107
Resources
  • Iowa Department of Agriculture Land Stewardship
  • http//www.agriculture.state.ia.us
  • ISU Pest Management the Environment
  • http//www.extension.iastate.edu/PME
  • ISU Extension Online Store
  • https//www.extension.iastate.edu/store/

108
Acknowledgements
  • This project has been funded by the Iowa
    Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship
    through a grant from the U.S. Environmental
    Protection Agency
  • The contents do not necessarily reflect the views
    and policies of the Environmental Protection
    Agency, nor does mention of trade names or
    commercial products constitute endorsement or
    recommendation for use
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