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Women as Faithful Servants of God


Women as FaithfulServants of God s Revelation. Robert L. GallagherIntercultural Studies. Wheaton College Graduate School Understanding Missiological ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Women as Faithful Servants of God

Women as Faithful Servants of Gods Revelation
  • Robert L. Gallagher Intercultural Studies
  • Wheaton College Graduate School
  • Understanding Missiological Controversies Past
  • Annual Evangelical Missiological Society
  • Graduate Institute of Applied LinguisticsDallas,
  • Saturday, September 19, 2015

Gender the Church
  • Evangelical Agreement
  • Both females males are created in Gods image.
  • 2. Christian men and women have the Holy Spirit.
  • 3. Both genders are gifted by God
  • for ministry.

Egalitarian View
  • Christians for Biblical Equality
  • Gender is irrelevant for spiritual authority.
  • The subservient role of women to men, especially
    in regard to spiritual leadership, is another
    aspect of fallen culture that God wants to
  • Church leadership roles and roles in the home are
    determined by gifting rather than by gender.

Complementarian View
  • The Council on Biblical Manhood Womanhood
  • Created equal, with complementary roles.
  • Males and females have different, complementary
    roles in the church (and at home), and leadership
    roles in the church are reserved for males only.
  • Scripture teaches that Gods design is for men to
    have primary spiritual authority in the church.

Theodoulos View
  • Gods Spirit distributes leadership gifts, such
    as prophesying, to women as Servants of the
    Lord within metaroles and via metatapestries in
    both the Old and New Testaments.
  • Further, the New Testament gift lists in context
    are completely gender neutral, with the Holy
    Spirit empowering individuals in such a way as to
    transcend gender, age, and social status.
  • It remains Gods prerogative to give gifts to
    persons, and God will do so as he pleases, to
    both women and men.
  • (Joel 228-32 Acts 216-21)

Acts 216-18
  • 16 This is what was spoken by the prophet Joel
  • 17 In the last days, God says,     I will pour
    out my Spirit on all people. Your sons and
    daughters will prophesy,     your young men will
    see visions,     your old men will dream
    dreams. 18 Even on my servants, both men and
    women, I will pour out my Spirit in those days,
    and they will prophesy. (NIV)

MetaTapestry Method
  • Narrative often teaches more indirectly than
    didactic literature without becoming any less
    normative. How then should we proceed to
    interpret narrative? Primarily, we need to study
    the entire book to determine if specific events
    form a consistent pattern throughout or if the
    positive models of the narrative vary from one
    situation to another. The former will suggest
    that the narrative was emphasizing a normative,
    consistent principle the latter, that
    applications may change from one time and place
    to the next.
  • Adapted from William W. Klein, Craig L. Blomberg,
    Robert L. Hubbard. Introduction to Biblical
    Interpretation. Dallas, TX Word Publishing,
    1993, 349-350.

How to do Theology of Mission The Tapestry of
Gods Mission
MetaRoles of Women
  • OT NT
  • Prayers Hannah Acts 1 Women
  • Prophets Deborah Anna
  • Theologians Miriam Priscilla
  • Influencers Ruth Lydia
  • Missionaries Servant Samaritan

MetaTapestry of Theologians
  • Asenath, wife of Joseph (Genesis 41)
  • Zipporah, wife of Moses (Exodus 4)
  • Deborah (Judges 5)
  • Hannah (1 Samuel 2)
  • Singers of David (1 Samuel 18, 21, 29)
  • Abigail (1 Samuel 25)
  • Wise women (2 Samuel 14)
  • Mothers (Proverbs 1, 6)
  • Esther (Esther)
  • Pilates wife (Matthew 27)
  • Elizabeth (Luke 1)
  • Mary (Luke 1)
  • Samaritan (John 4)

3 Gentile Theologians
  • Hagar Genesis 16
  • Rahab Joshua 2
  • Sheba 1 Kings 10

Didaskalos Thesis
  • Throughout the Bible, Gentile women were servants
    of the LORD in the role of the didaskalos, the
    dispenser of Gods authoritative instruction, to
    bring about his corrective purpose at a turning
    point in Israels history.

  • Genesis 161-16

Genesis 1613-14
  • 13 She gave this name to the LORD who spoke to
    her You are the God who sees me, for she
    said, I have now seen the One who sees me. 14
    That is why the well was called Beer Lahai Roi
    it is still there, between Kadesh and Bered.

  • Joshua 21-24

Joshua 28-10
  • 8 Before the spies lay down for the night, she
    went up on the roof 9 and said to them, I know
    that the LORD has given you this land and that a
    great fear of you has fallen on us, so that all
    who live in this country are melting in fear
    because of you. 10 We have heard how the LORD
    dried up the water of the Red Sea for you when
    you came out of Egypt, and what you did to Sihon
    and Og, the two kings of the Amorites east of the
    Jordan, whom you completely destroyed.

Joshua 211-13
  • 11 When we heard of it, our hearts melted in fear
    and everyones courage failed because of you, for
    the LORD your God is God in heaven above and on
    the earth below.
  • 12 Now then, please swear to me by the LORD that
    you will show kindness to my family, because I
    have shown kindness to you. Give me a sure sign
    13 that you will spare the lives of my father and
    mother, my brothers and sisters, and all who
    belong to themthat you will save us from death.

Queen of Sheba
  • 1 Kings 101-13

1 Kings 106-9
  • 6 She said to the king, The report I heard in my
    own country about your achievements and your
    wisdom is true. 7 But I did not believe these
    things until I came and saw with my own eyes.
    Indeed, not even half was told me in wisdom and
    wealth you have far exceeded the report I heard.
    8 How happy your people must be! How happy your
    officials, who continually stand before you and
    hear your wisdom! 9 Praise be to the LORD your
    God, who has delighted in you and placed you on
    the throne of Israel. Because of the LORDs
    eternal love for Israel, he has made you king to
    maintain justice and righteousness.

Didaskalos Thesis
  • Throughout the Bible, Gentile women were servants
    of the LORD in the role of the didaskalos, the
    dispenser of Gods authoritative instruction, to
    bring about his corrective purpose at a turning
    point in Israels history.

Result of the Didaskalos Thesis
  • Gentiles
  • Encountered
  • Marginalized
  • Servants

The women were
Result of the Didaskalos Thesis
The LORD was
  • Sovereign
  • Accommodating
  • Countercultural
  • Respectful
  • Entrusting
  • Donating

  • Evangelical Disagreement
  • Is it appropriate for women to aspire to
    leadership roles within the church that will
    place them in positions of authority over men?

  • Who is asking the question?

  • God?

  • Or men of power?

Implications for Israel
  • God used Gentile women to teach the nation of
    Israelincluding male leadersto turn the nation
    towards Gods purposes.

Implications for Today
  • God can use powerless women to teach the
    Churchincluding male leadersto turn the Church
    towards Gods purposes.

  • 9 When they came back from the tomb, they told
    all these things to the Eleven and to all the
    others. 10 It was Mary Magdalene, Joanna, Mary
    the mother of James, and the others with them who
    told this to the apostles.
  • 11 But they did not believe the women, because
    their words seemed to them like nonsense. (Luke
    249-11, NIV)

  • Whatever she does, a woman must do it twice
    better than a man to get equal recognition.
  • Fortunately, its not difficult.
  • Charlotte Elizabeth Whitton
  • (Mayor of Ottawa, Canada 1951-1956 1960-1964)

Coming Around
  • And men stalk
  • To their seat of power
  • And wait for God
  • To come around
  • To their way of thinking.
  • And God is still waiting,
  • For a host of men,
  • In their comfortable churches,
  • To come around
  • To his way of loving.

Thomas John Carlisle, You! Jonah! (Grand Rapids,
MI Eerdmans, 1968), 64.
Women as Faithful Servants of Gods Revelation
  • For more information
  • robert.gallagher_at_wheaton.edu

  • 1 Samuel
  • 252-42

1 Samuel 2528-29
  • 28 Please forgive your servants presumption.
    The LORD your God will certainly make a lasting
    dynasty for my lord, because you fight the LORDs
    battles, and no wrongdoing will be found in you
    as long as you live. 29 Even though someone is
    pursuing you to take your life, the life of my
    lord will be bound securely in the bundle of the
    living by the LORD your God, but the lives of
    your enemies he will hurl away as from the pocket
    of a sling.

1 Samuel 2530-31
  • 30 When the LORD has fulfilled for my lord every
    good thing he promised concerning him and has
    appointed him ruler over Israel, 31 my lord will
    not have on his conscience the staggering burden
    of needless bloodshed or of having avenged
    himself. And when the LORD your God has brought
    my lord success, remember your servant.

Samaritan Woman
  • John 41-42

John 428-29, 39-42
  • 28 Then, leaving her water jar, the woman went
    back to the town and said to the people, 29
    Come, see a man who told me everything I ever
    did. Could this be the Messiah? . . .
  • 39 Many of the Samaritans from that town believed
    in him because of the womans testimony, He told
    me everything I ever did. 40 So when the
    Samaritans came to him, they urged him to stay
    with them, and he stayed two days. 41 And
    because of his words many more became believers.
    42 They said to the woman, We no longer believe
    just because of what you said now we have heard
    for ourselves, and we know that this man really
    is the Savior of the world.

Pilates Wife
  • Matthew 27

Matthew 2719, 24
  • 19 While Pilate was sitting on the judges seat,
    his wife sent him this message Dont have
    anything to do with that innocent man, for I have
    suffered a great deal today in a dream because of
    him. . . .
  • 24 When Pilate saw that he was getting nowhere,
    but that instead an uproar was starting, he took
    water and washed his hands in front of the crowd.
    I am innocent of this mans blood, he said.
    It is your responsibility!

Acts 529
  • But Peter and the apostles answered and said, We
    must obey God rather than men.
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