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Ch. 20: Nixon Presidency

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Title: Presidency in Crisis Author: Adam Last modified by: Brown, Adam Created Date: 7/22/2002 6:35:58 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ch. 20: Nixon Presidency


1
Ch. 20 Nixon Presidency
  • OSHA- govt. agency that was to make sure that all
    work places were considered safe
  • DEA- created to combat the rise of drug abuse
    during the late 1960s
  • EPA- goal was to protect and clean up the
    environment

2
  • 26th Amendment- gave 18 year olds the right to
    vote in federal elections
  • Realpolitik- goal was to focus on realistic
    political goals
  • Nixon Doctrine- said that Asian nations needed to
    protect themselves and can not rely on the U.S.
    military
  • Goal was to prevent another Vietnam

3
  • US-China Relations- Nixon improved relations with
    a 1972 visit to Beijing which led to more trade
  • Nixon also visited Moscow and improved relations
  • Détente- relaxation of tensions between US and
    Russia

4
Nixon in China
5
  • Nixons greatest accomplishments was his foreign
    policy efforts
  • His visits to Russia and China were major events
    of the 1970s
  • SALT Talks- US and Russia agreed to reduce the
    size of their nuclear arsenal

6
Presidency in Crisis
  • Spiro Agnew- VP resigned under suspicion that he
    took bribes as the governor of Maryland
  • Watergate Complex was the home of the Democratic
    Headquarters

7
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9
  • 5 men were arrested for breaking in
  • 1972- Nixon wins the presidency by a huge margin
  • Writers for the Washington Post accused the White
    House of the break-in

10
  • Senate began to hold hearings investigating the
    break in
  • Nixon said he knew nothing about the break in
  • Senate Committee learned that Nixon taped all of
    his conversations in the White House

11
  • Nixon claimed executive privileges and said he
    didnt have to turn over the tapes
  • Nixon v. U.S.- said Nixon had to turn over the
    tapes
  • 18 minutes of the tape were blank (very
    controversial)

12
  • Senate Committee found that Nixon knew nothing of
    the break in but tried to cover it up
  • 1974- House of Representatives recommended that
    Nixon be impeached
  • Aug. 8th 1974 Nixon Resigns

13
Nixon Resigns
14
Watergate Legacy
  • Presidents power was greatly weakened
  • People began to distrust govt. officials
  • Shows that checks balances actually works

15
New President
  • Gerald Ford became VP after Agnew resigned and
    President after Nixon quit
  • Ford selected Nelson Rockefeller of NY as his VP

16
Gerald Ford (R) 1974-1977
17
  • 1st time in American history when the Pres. VP
    were not elected by the people
  • Ford pardoned Nixon of any crimes dealing with
    Watergate
  • Very controversial decision

18
1st Oil Crisis
  • U.S depends heavily on oil from the Middle East
  • OPEC placed an embargo on oil to the U.S. in 1973
  • Gas prices skyrocketed to all time highs

19
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20
Long Gas Lines
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22
  • People had to buy gas on odd/even days
  • U.S. automobile industry was badly damaged
  • Commonly called the Energy Crisis

23
Energy Crisis
  • Led to a large demand for foreign cars (Rice
    Burners)
  • Alaskan Pipeline was built
  • 1974 embargo ended
  • U.S. still relies on M.E. oil

24
Alaskan Pipeline
25
Carters Presidency
  • Election of 1976- Jimmy Carter (D) vs. Gerald
    Ford (R)
  • Carter became the 1st southern president since
    1848 in a very close election

26
Jimmy Carter (D) 1977-1981
27
Carters Leadership
  • Great intentions but did little
  • His party ended up hating him
  • Seldom followed through with his plans
  • Changed his mind a lot

28
  • Cared about human rights
  • Amnesty for Draft Evaders- pardoned all those
    that dodge the draft during Vietnam
  • Three Mile Island- 1979 partial meltdown of a
    nuclear plant in Pennsylvania
  • U.S. began to move away from the use of nuclear
    power

29
Three Mile Island
30
Middle East in Turmoil
  • U.S. supports democratic Israel
  • U.S. supports Arab states for a steady supply of
    oil
  • Prevent USSR influences
  • Goal was to keep peace

31
Middle East Mediation
  • Camp David Accords (1979)
  • Historic peace agreement between Egypt and Israel
  • Carter mediated it and it was considered his only
    good thing

32
  • 1979 USSR invades Afghanistan
  • U.S. condemns them and boycotts 1980 Olympics in
    Moscow
  • Afghanistan is called the USSRs Vietnam

33
Iranian Hostage Crisis
  • 1979 Carter allows the former Shah of Iran to
    come to the U.S. for medical help
  • Iranians were angry and took over the U.S. embassy

34
Iranian Hostage Crisis
35
  • Iran wanted the Shah for trial and Carter refused
    to turn him over
  • 1980 Carter initiated a military rescue but it
    failed
  • Hostage crisis greatly hurt his reelection effort

36
  • 1980 Election- Reagan destroys Carter and the day
    he takes office the hostages are released
  • Carter Legacy- he had great intentions but failed
    on almost everything he did

37
Ronald Reagan (R) 1981-1989
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