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John Survey

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Title: John Survey Author: Dave Smith Last modified by: dave.smith Created Date: 2/27/1998 2:11:18 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show Other titles – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: John Survey


1
Revelation
Reminders before approaching Revelation Revelation
has a series of Contexts (CIE) 1. Literary
context. Immediate Context Book of
Revelation Larger Context Old Testament
Allusions Apocalyptic World / Imagination 2.
Social / Historical context. Contemporary World
of John and 7 churches Contemporary World of
readers
2
Revelation
Reminders before approaching Revelation 2.
Revelation is an oral/aural event. It is meant to
convey its message first by hearing (13). Thus,
it would be important that the structure and
logic of the work would be perceptible in oral
performance Thus, for this first run through
Revelation, I want to relate the logical
structure I find to linguistic or verbal markers
(listener clues). Think about what might trigger
your ears in hearing rather than your eyes in
seeing.
3
Revelation
Psalm 405-6 5 Many, O LORD my God, are the
wonders you have done. The things you planned for
us no one can recount to you were I to speak and
tell of them, they would be too many to declare.
6 Sacrifice and offering you did not desire, but
my ears you have pierced (dug out, Gen 2625)
burnt offerings and sin offerings you did not
require.
4
Revelation
Reminders before approaching Revelation 2.
Revelation is an oral/aural event 27 He who has
an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the
churches. 211 He who has an ear, let him hear
what the Spirit says to the churches. 217 He
who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says
to the churches. 229 He who has an ear, let him
hear what the Spirit says to the churches. 36 He
who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says
to the churches. 313 He who has an ear, let him
hear what the Spirit says to the churches. 322
He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit
says to the churches." 139 He who has an ear,
let him hear. Hearing (Rev. 13, 10 27, 11, 17,
29 33, 6, 13, 20, 22 41 511, 13 61, 3,
5ff 74 813 913, 16, 20 104, 8 1112
1210 139 142, 13 161, 5, 7 184, 22f
191, 6 213 228, 17) Testify (Rev. 12
2216, 18, 20) Word (Rev. 12f, 9 38, 10 69
1211 1717 199, 13 204 215 226f, 9f,
18f)
5
Revelation
Prologue
Epilogue
11-8
226-21
6
Revelation
Prologue
Epilogue
The Revelation of Jesus Christ
Verbal echoes between 11-3 226-7
The revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave
him to show his servants what must soon take
place. He made it known by sending his angel to
his servant John, Blessed is the one who reads
the words of this prophecy, and blessed are those
who hear it and take to heart what is written in
it, because the time is near. Rev 11-3
The angel said to me, "These words are
trustworthy and true. The Lord, the God of the
spirits of the prophets, sent his angel to show
his servants the things that must soon take
place. Behold, I am coming soon! Blessed is he
who keeps the words of the prophecy in this
book." Rev 226-7
11-8
226-21
7
Revelation
Prologue
Epilogue
The Revelation of Jesus Christ
Single Lords Day Vision 19-10
From Heaven to Earth (11) God?Jesus?Messenger/ang
el?John?Servants
Across the Earth and Time (13, 19) John
testifies what he saw? word and testimony
(12) John wrote (119), Reader reads aloud words
(13)
11-8
226-21
8
Revelation
Prologue
Epilogue
The Revelation of Jesus Christ
Single Lords Day Vision 19-10
I was in the Spirit (110) evgeno,mhn evn
pneu,mati In the Spirit (42) evgeno,mhn evn
pneu,mati In the Spirit (173) avph,negke,n me
evn pneu,mati In the Spirit (2110) avph,negke,n
me evn pneu,mati
11-8
226-21
9
Revelation
Prologue
Epilogue
The Revelation of Jesus Christ
Two Women
Inaugural Vision of Christ and 7 Messages to 7
Churches
Inaugural Vision of Heaven (4-5) and Subsequent
Judgment (6-16)
Parousia
City Babylon the Harlot and her fall
City New Jerusalem and Bride of Lamb
1911- 218
11-8
226-21
19
322
41
1621
171-1910
219-225
In the Spirit evn pneu,mati
10
Revelation
What are the reader clues which cause me to think
that 171 and 219 are major shifts? And for that
matter that I would put them in parallel with one
another?
Revelation 171-3 One of the seven angels who
had the seven bowls came and said to me, "Come, I
will show you the punishment of the great
prostitute. . . 3 Then the angel carried me away
in the Spirit into a desert. There I saw a woman
sitting on a scarlet beast that was covered with
blasphemous names and had seven heads and ten
horns.
Revelation 219-10 One of the seven angels who
had the seven bowls full of the seven last
plagues came and said to me, "Come, I will show
you the bride, the wife of the Lamb." 10 And he
carried me away in the Spirit to a mountain great
and high, and showed me the Holy City, Jerusalem,
coming down out of heaven from God.
11
Revelation
These clear parallel beginnings 171-3 and
219-10 also have equally clear parallel
conclusions in 199-10 and 226-9
Revelation 199b-10 And he added, These are
the true words of God. 10 At this I fell at his
feet to worship him. But he said to me, Do not
do it! I am a fellow servant with you and with
your brothers who hold to the testimony of Jesus.
Worship God! For the testimony of Jesus is the
spirit of prophecy.
Revelation 226-9 The angel said to me, These
words are trustworthy and true 8 I heard and
saw these things. And when I had heard and seen
them, I fell down to worship at the feet of the
angel who had been showing them to me. 9 But he
said to me, Do not do it! I am a fellow servant
with you and with your brothers the prophets and
of all who keep the words of this book. Worship
God!
12
Revelation
Prologue
Epilogue
The Revelation of Jesus Christ
Intro219-10
Two Women
Intro171-3
7 Churches
Series of 7 Judgments
City New Jerusalem and Bride of Lamb
City Babylon the Harlot and her fall
Conc199b-10
Conc226-9
11-8
226-21
19
322
41-1621
229
171
13
Revelation
  • Two structural questions of concern
  • I have identified 226-9 as both the conclusion
    to the major section 219-229 and as the
    beginning to the epilogue of 226-21. But I am
    convinced this is part of Johns artistry of
    overlapping and interweaving sections of his
    work.
  • a. Those parts of 226-9 that are not verbally
    parallel to 199b-10 are indeed parallel to
    11-3 its counterpart serving as an introduction
    to the whole book.

14
Revelation
Two structural questions of concern b. Note
When 199b-10 stands as the conclusion to the
section 171-1910, the true words of God that
the angel refers to in the immediate context is
the beatitude of 199a, Then the angel said to
me, Write 'Blessed are those who are invited to
the wedding supper of the Lamb! But when 226-9
stands as the intro to the prologue of 226-21,
These words are trustworthy and true refer to
the words of the entire book, referring back to
11-3. For no reader would expect the conclusion
of the vision to merely be the fall of Babylon
but it must include the vision of the New
Jerusalem
15
Revelation
Two structural questions of concern 2. Between
section 171-1910 219-229 comes another
section which stands as the interlude or a
transition (1911-215). The Rider on the White
Horse and millennial reign. Does it begin with a
parallel to Chap 4, heavenly vision? Note After
1911, all the accounts take place from an
earthly perspective, looking up. From this point
forward nothing is seen or heard that happens in
heaven. All action takes place on earth, as it
did before 41.
16
Revelation
Two structural questions of concern Note After
1911, all the accounts take place from an
earthly perspective, looking up. Johns vision of
the Parousia is that no longer does the divine
act from heaven but rather breaks into the
world. Note Connections with other places in
Revelation. 1918 vs. 615 1915 vs. 125
1919 vs. 1614, 16 1916 vs. 1714
17
Revelation
Note verbal connections / literary links from one
section to another
Prologue
Epilogue
The Revelation of Jesus Christ
Two Women
Inaugural Vision of Christ and 7 Messages to 7
Churches
Inaugural Vision of Heaven (4-5) and Subsequent
Judgment (6-16)
Parousia
City Babylon the Harlot and her fall
City New Jerusalem and Bride of Lamb
Voice at outset of book (19-11) is the same who
summons him to heaven (41) and connects with
angel in 171-1910 219-226
1911- 218
11-8
226-21
19
322
41
1621
171-1910
219-225
18
Revelation
Prologue
Epilogue
The Revelation of Jesus Christ
Introduction7 Churches Each letter is relevant to
a specific church situation but each is also
serves as a different introduction to the rest of
the book.
7 Promises to conquer (27,11,17,26-28
35,12,21) Call is to be victorious. But
victory is only defined in rest of book.
(Promise does not occur again until 217) Call
to engage in eschatological battle (Chap 4-18) to
reach destiny (Chap 22)
Two Women
Inaugural Vision of Christ and 7 Messages to 7
Churches
Inaugural Vision of Heaven (4-5) and Subsequent
Judgment (6-16)
Parousia
City Babylon the Harlot and her fall
City New Jerusalem and Bride of Lamb
1911- 218
11-8
226-21
19
322
41
1621
171-1910
219-225
19
Revelation
Note verbal connections / literary links from one
section to another
Prologue
Epilogue
The Revelation of Jesus Christ
Two Women
Link between 19-322 comes in the seventh
(climactic) promise made by the angelic voice To
him who overcomes, I will give the right to sit
with me on my throne, just as I overcame and sat
down with my Father on his throne. (321) This
is last of 7 promises and it is not so much
directed to the church at Laodicea but
anticipates Christs conquest and enthronement in
Chapter 5 and worship scenes in Chap 19. Thus,
book is not just seven letters to seven churches
but more!
Inaugural Vision of Christ and 7 Messages to 7
Churches
Inaugural Vision of Heaven (4-5) and Subsequent
Judgment (6-16)
Parousia
City Babylon the Harlot and her fall
City New Jerusalem and Bride of Lamb
1911- 218
11-8
226-21
19
322
41
1621
171-1910
219-225
20
Revelation
Observations about structure of Introduction 1.
The uses of seven introductions enables the book
to engage with seven different contexts in which
the book would be heard. Thus, it shows how
issues at work in each local context are to be
understood in light of Gods cosmic battle and
plan for establishing His Kingdom 2. Book is
written as more than just a generic application
of grace to endure in the midst of persecution.
For encouragement in the face of persecution was
only one of the needs of the churches. For some,
judgment in the rest of the book may apply to
them, since they may be compromising with the
beast.
21
Revelation
Observations about structure of Introduction 3.
The seven letters also prepares us to recognize
that John assumes a wider readership than just
seven individual churches. That John sees this
as the culmination of all biblical prophecy
assumes relevance for all Christians. The
number 7 assumes these 7 as representative of the
whole church. The conclusion of each oracle
summons all people to listen Let anyone who has
an ear listen to what the Spirit says to the
seven churches. (27, 11, 17, 29 36, 13, 22)
22
Revelation
Spatial Breakdown Heaven Earth
Heaven-Centered Dominated by Praise Worship
191-10
Prologue
Epilogue
14-15
10
7
1911-225 Heaven Earth United Vertical
component Gods final plan unfolded. Horizontal
aspect Church should worship in spite of
present sufferings
4-5
1
2-3
6
8-9
Earth-Centered Dominated by Chaos Judgment
11-13
16-18
11-8
226-21
23
Revelation
Climax 221-5
Prologue
Epilogue
The Revelation of Jesus Christ
Two Women
Inaugural Vision of Christ and 7 Messages to 7
Churches
Inaugural Vision of Heaven (4-5) and Subsequent
Judgment (6-16)
Parousia
City Babylon the Harlot and her fall
City New Jerusalem and Bride of Lamb
Climactic Movement to New Jerusalem/Eternal Reign
1911- 218
11-8
226-21
19
322
41
1621
171-1910
219-225
24
Revelation
Prologue
Epilogue
The Revelation of Jesus Christ
Two Women
Inaugural Vision of Christ and 7 Messages to 7
Churches
Inaugural Vision of Heaven (4-5) and Subsequent
Judgment (6-16)
Solution Worship the Lamb
Parousia
Problem Church is in the World but world is
winning
City Babylon the Harlot and her fall
City New Jerusalem and Bride of Lamb
1911- 218
11-8
226-21
19
322
41
1621
171-1910
219-225
25
Revelation
Prologue
Epilogue
The Revelation of Jesus Christ
Two Women
Inaugural Vision of Christ and 7 Messages to 7
Churches
Inaugural Vision of Heaven (4-5) and Subsequent
Judgment (6-16)
Parousia
City Babylon the Harlot and her fall
City New Jerusalem and Bride of Lamb
1911- 218
11-8
226-21
19
322
41
1621
171-1910
219-225
26
Revelation
Prologue
Epilogue
The Revelation of Jesus Christ
Heavenly Throne? Earthly Rule
Seven Seals (61-81 83-5)
7 Churches
Two Women Babylon New Jerusalem
Vision of Heaven
Seven Trumpets (82 88-1119)
Seven Bowls (151 155-1621)
41- 514
19- 322
1621
11-8
226-21
171-225
61
Note the overlapping of the 7 Trumpets into the 7
seals and the 7 Bowls into the 7 Trumpets. This
may indicate that these are not
sequential/chronological but interlocking
(particularization). E.g. 7 Trumpets as a whole
is described as the 7th seal and the 7th Trumpet
as a whole is the 7 Bowls.
27
Revelation
Prologue
Epilogue
The Revelation of Jesus Christ
Heavenly Throne? Earthly Rule
Seven Seals (61-81 83-5) Seven Trumpets
(82 88-1119) Interlude Chap 12-14 Seven
Bowls (151-1621)
Inaugural Vision of Heaven
7 Churches
Two Women Babylon New Jerusalem
1621
61
11-8
226-21
19-322
41-514
171-225
Means Earthly Judgment
Ends All heaven Worship (513-14)
Ends All heaven and earth Worship
28
Revelation
Prologue
Epilogue
The Revelation of Jesus Christ
Heavenly Throne? Earthly Rule
Seven Seals (61-81 83-5) Seven Trumpets
(82 88-1119) Interlude Chap 12-14 Seven
Bowls (151-1621)
Inaugural Vision of Heaven
7 Churches
Two Women Babylon New Jerusalem
1621
61
11-8
226-21
19-322
41-514
171-225
Note the verbal connection Gods temple in
heaven opened (1119) and In heaven, the
temple, that is the Tabernacle of witness was
opened (155) to reconnect after the interlude of
12-14
29
Revelation 4-16
Heavenly Throne (4-5)? Earthly Rule (6-16)
Seven Bowls (151 155-1621)
Seven Seals (61-81 83-5)
Seven Trumpets (82 88-1119)
1
1
1
Vision of Heaven
5
5
5
2
2
2
7
7
7
3
3
3
6
6
6
4
4
4
41- 515
1621
61
30
Revelation 4-16
Heavenly Throne (4-5)? Earthly Rule (6-16)
Seven Bowls (151 155-1621)
Seven Seals (61-81 83-5)
Seven Trumpets (82 88-1119)
Interlude 3 Chap 12-14 Delay for the sake of the
People of God their conflict with evil. (Note
New material, new language, New chronology)
Interlude 1 71-17 Between 6 7 Seal The delay
is for the sake of protecting Gods people from
Judgment.
Interlude 2 101-1113 Between 6 7
Trumpets Delay for the sake of the prophetic
witness of Gods people
1
1
1
Vision of Heaven
5
5
5
2
2
2
7
7
7
3
3
3
6
6
6
4
4
4
41- 515
1621
61
31
Revelation
Note recurring phrase in each series of
Judgments The seventh in the series is linked to
one another and anchored to the vision of the
Throne by the following phrase(s) Throne 45
From the throne came flashes of lightning,
rumblings and peals of thunder. 7th Seal 85 And
the angel took the censer and he filled it with
the fire of the altar and threw it to the earth
and there followed peals of thunder and sounds
and flashes of lightning and an earthquake. 7th
Trumpet 1119 And the temple of God which is in
heaven was opened and the ark of His covenant
appeared in His temple, and there were flashes of
lightning and sounds and peals of thunder and an
earthquake and a great hailstorm. 7th Bowl
1618-21Then there came flashes of lightning,
rumblings, peals of thunder and a severe
earthquake.
Prologue
Epilogue
The Revelation of Jesus Christ
Heavenly Throne? Earthly Rule
Seven Seals, Seven Trumpets, Seven Bowls
Inaugural Vision of Heaven
7 Churches
Two Women
1621
61
11-8
226-21
19-322
41-514
171-225
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