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Scottish Fisheries Management

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Scottish Fisheries Management Investigation into Structures for the Management of Freshwater Fisheries in Scotland Dr Keith Hendry – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Scottish Fisheries Management


1
Scottish Fisheries Management
  • Investigation into Structures for the Management
    of Freshwater Fisheries in Scotland

Dr Keith Hendry
2
Introduction
  • Current Structure
  • DSFBs manage own catchments
  • DSFBs decision makers within remit of law
  • DSFBs implement management action
  • Aided by recent development of Trusts
  • Salmon Sea Trout only species covered in law

3
Objectives
  • Investigate potential new structures for the
    management of freshwater fisheries in Scotland
  • Canvas opinion of those involved
  • Questionnaire based interview of 20 organisations
    representing a variety of public private
    fishery related bodies and user groups

4
Current Scottish System Positive Aspects
5
Current Scottish System Negative Aspects
6
Review of Current Scottish System
  • Do you agree with the need for a fundamental
    review of fisheries management in Scotland?

7
Review of Current Scottish System
  • Is a unitary body (or group of bodies) with
    responsibility for managing all freshwater
    fisheries the way forward?

8
Areas of Agreement 1.
  • Change needed
  • Retain good aspects of current system
  • Legislation - all freshwater fish in all waters
  • Public funding essential in partnership
  • Accountability audit for public funds
  • Resolve fragmentation geographic scale?

9
Geographic scale
Regions
Catchments
In addition, one respondent said local need
should dictate scale
10
Areas of Agreement 2.
  • Catchment / local management decision making
    favoured
  • BUT
  • Number of organisations needs to be reduced and
    co-ordination improved

11
Areas of Agreement 3. Fragmentation Geography
  • Majority lt 25 Boards
  • BUT
  • 10 most popular choice
  • 10 Regions identified by SEPA for WFD

12
Management Principles
  • Management Regulation Keep Separate
  • National or Local Management?
  • Federal Model overwhelming support
  • Locally delivered decision making management
    within National Framework
  • Public private sector partnerships
  • Principle of Public/Private interaction
  • Co-Management

13
Public/Private Co-Management
Public Sector Influence
Private Sector Influence
14
Public/Private Co-Management
Instructive
Consultative
Cooperative
Advisory
Informative
15
Public/Private Co-Management
Instructive
Consultative
Cooperative
Advisory
Informative
16
Public/Private Co-Management
Instructive
Consultative
Cooperative
Advisory
Informative
17
Common Features 1. Proposed Unitary Fisheries
Body(s) Functions?
  • Collect Data
  • Fish, fisheries their habitats
  • Collate, Analyse Supply Information
  • Status of all fish species, fisheries habitats
  • Undertake Fisheries Management
  • Exploitation, stocking, predators, habitat
  • Undertake Research
  • Local management orientated
  • Raise Finance

18
Common Features 2. National Umbrella Body
  • National Freshwater Fisheries Authority
  • Central Hub to oversee management
  • High level liaison with SEPA, SNH Govt
  • Develop Guidelines for management
  • Based on policy legislation
  • Formalise monitoring reporting standards
  • Fisheries Action Plans (FAPs) all rivers
  • Audit FAPs allocate funds accordingly

19
Common Features 3. Fisheries Action Plans
  • Statutory requirement for All Rivers
  • Cover all fish species their habitats
  • Functions
  • Assess status of all fish species habitats
  • Define management actions
  • Report on progress
  • Audit on 6 year cycle
  • Performance linked to future (public) funding

20
Common Features 4. Role of Fisheries Trusts
  • Not included in new structure but should be
    maintained where there is need
  • Local involvement Independent Voice
  • Charitable status Funding
  • Role in Habitat Restoration
  • Role in Education
  • Contribute to management actions locally

21
Common Features 5. Potential Funding Sources
  • Private
  • Fishery Assessment or Levy
  • Permit /day ticket tax
  • Service charge or Sporting Rate
  • Public
  • Grant in Aid (GIA from SEPA SNH)
  • Individual
  • Rod Licence (e.g. 24 trout coarse fish, 64
    salmon)
  • Tagging System

22
Proposed Structures
  • 4 Possible Management Models Proposed
  • Based on Co-management Continuum
  • Different levels of Public/Private interaction
  • Range from Public sector dominated to Private
    sector dominated.

23
Proposed Structures 1. Regional Fisheries Agency
  • New Public Body (centralised structure)
  • DSFBs disbanded (new legislation)
  • 10 Regional Fisheries Agencies operating under
    guidance from NFFA
  • Funding primarily from public sector
  • GIA
  • Rod Licence
  • Fisheries Assessment maintained in some form
  • Advisory committees without executive power

24
Model 1 Regional Fisheries Agency Public
(centralised) with Advisory Committee
SEERAD
FRS
SNH
SEPA
? 1
  • DSFB Disbanded
  • New Legislation
  • Publicly Funded
  • RFAs undertake Management Enforcement

Regional Fisheries Agency
Officers (executive decisions)
? 10
Advisory Committee (non executive)
25
Model 1 Regional Fisheries Agency Public
(centralised) with Advisory Committee
Instructive
Consultative
Cooperative
Advisory
Informative
26
Proposed Structures 2. Regional Fisheries Boards
  • DSFB Retained
  • Remit extended to cover all species
  • DSFB encouraged to merge (multi-catchment)
  • 10 Regional Offices (Autonomous)
  • Operating under guidance from NFFA (FAPs)
  • Additional funding from public sector
  • GIA
  • Rod Licence
  • Fisheries Assessment maintained
  • Privately managed but publicly accountable

27
Model 2 Regional Fisheries Boards Decentralised
with Executive Committee
SEERAD
FRS
SEPA
SNH
? 1
  • DSFB Maintained
  • Legislation Modified
  • Wider Committee representation

Regional Fisheries Board
Executive Committee (locally elected with exec.
power)
? 10
? 1-6 ?
28
Model 2 Regional Fisheries Boards Decentralised
Structure
Instructive
Consultative
Cooperative
Advisory
Informative
29
Proposed Structures 3. Regional Fisheries
Councils
  • DSFBs retained but with modified powers
  • Responsibilities for enforcement
  • New equivalent public mirror body
  • Responsibilities for management reporting
  • 10 Regions each with local committee
  • Wider representation than present
    (public/private)
  • Executive Power

30
Proposed Structures 3 (cont). Regional Fisheries
Councils
  • 10 Regional Offices operate under guidance from
    NFFA (FAPs)
  • Funding from public private sector
  • GIA
  • Rod Licence
  • Fisheries Assessment maintained
  • Management combines public private sector
    involvement

31
Model 3 Regional Fisheries Council decentralised
with Executive Committee
SEERAD
FRS
SEPA
SNH
? 1
  • DSFB Maintained
  • Legislation modified
  • Wider Committee representation
  • Public/Private partnership

Regional Fisheries Council
Executive Committee (locally elected with exec.
power)
? 10
Management
Enforcement
Officers (Public Sector)
? 1-6 ?
32
Model 3 Regional Fisheries Council Decentralised
with Executive Committee
Instructive
Consultative
Cooperative
Advisory
Informative
33
Proposed Structures 4. Regional Fisheries Service
  • DSFBs Disbanded (New legislation)
  • 10 Regions each with local committee
  • Wider representation (public/private)
  • Executive Power
  • 10 Regions operate under guidance from NFFA
  • Funding from public private sector
  • GIA, Rod Licence,
  • Fisheries Assessment maintained
  • Management combines public
    private sector involvement

34
Model 4 Regional Fisheries Service Centralised
with Executive Committee
SEERAD
FRS
SEPA
SNH
? 1
Regional Fisheries Service
  • DSB Disbanded
  • New Legislation
  • Wider Committee representation

Executive Committee (locally elected with
executive power)
? 10
Officers instructed by Exec. Comm.
35
Model 2 Regional Fisheries Service Centralised
with Executive Committee
Instructive
Consultative
Cooperative
Advisory
Informative
36
Favoured Regional Structures
Instructive
Consultative
Cooperative
Advisory
Informative
37
Recommended structure
Suggest two models for consideration
Model 3 Regional Fisheries Council Decentralised
with Executive Committee
Model 4 Regional Fisheries Service Centralised
with Executive Committee
38
Positive Aspects Retained
?
?
?
?
?
39
Negative Aspects Addressed
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
40
Funding
  • Anglers contribute 113M to Scotland
  • Very little public sector support!
  • Potential Public Sources
  • Rod licence - 4.0 M (resident visitors)
  • Grant in Aid - 3.5M matched funding
  • 20M if given parity with SEPA SNH
  • Potential Private Sources
  • Fishery Assessment (Levy) - 3.5M
  • Combining public, individual private s
  • Total Annual Income 11M

41
Staffing
  • 11M Available
  • Public sector average employment cost of 50K
    p.a. (oncosts, overheads, offices etc)
  • 220 Staff in Total
  • 20 Staff in NFFA (Hub)
  • Administration, finance, fisheries specialists
  • 20 Staff in each Regional Office
  • Fisheries monitoring management, enforcement,
    administration
  • Staffing to be locally determined by each Regions
    needs

42
Summarise
  • Maintain private sector and voluntary sector
    vigour enthusiasm
  • Executive decision making powers vital should
    be retained
  • However, broader representation accountability
    are essential
  • Local management (FAPs Funding)

43
Where Next?
  • Feedback
  • Refine models
  • Further investigate finance
  • GIA, rod licence, tagging schemes
  • Make recommendations to the Minister
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