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Issues Leading to the Civil War

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Issues Leading to the Civil War Southerners threaten secession to get what they want!!! Northwest Ordinance 1787 All states North of Ohio River = FREE All states ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Issues Leading to the Civil War


1
Issues Leading to the Civil War
  • Southerners threaten secession to get what they
    want!!!

2
Northwest Ordinance 1787
  • All states North of Ohio River FREE
  • All states South of Ohio River SLAVE

3
Missouri Compromise
  • Southern states threatened to break (secede) from
    Union if Missouri became a free state
  • So Missouri slave Maine free
  • 3630 parallel North of it free, South of it
    slave
  • kept Union together but no one happy
  • of slave and free states EQUAL!

4
Missouri Compromise Line
5
Sectionalism
  • Loyalty to a region, not the entire nation

6
Compromise of 1850
  • California free state New Mexico Utah
    slave state
  • Passed a stricter Fugitive Slave Law returning
    slaves to their owners when they would run away
  • Southerners threaten secession if Fugitive Slave
    Law not enforced
  • wasnt enforced

7
(No Transcript)
8
Harriet Beecher Stowe
  • Uncle Toms Cabin
  • book that turned many Northerners against slavery
  • author scorned by South

9
Kansas-Nebraska Act
  • cancelled Missouri Compromise
  • allow settlers to decide issue of slavery
  • popular sovereignty rule by the people
  • North upset, South happy
  • struggle over slavery turned violent
  • Bleeding Kansas violence between pro and anti
    slavery forces

10
Dred Scott Case
  • slave from Missouri who was taken to Wisconsin (a
    free state)
  • sued to gain freedom when
    returning to Missouri
  • said he was made free in Wisconsin
  • Decision of case
  • 1. Was not a citizen could not bring case to
    court - and could not become a citizen
  • 2. Fugitive Slave law must be enforced
  • 3. Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional

11
5th Amendment
  • slaves are property Scott was a slave
  • Property cannot be taken away without due process
  • South happy North mad

12
Republican Party
  • new party formed
  • believed no man can own another
  • nominated Abraham Lincoln for Illinois Senator ?
    he lost (Stephen Douglas wins!)

13
Lincolnhttp//www.youtube.com/watch?vL80_q2tPveo
  • did not want Union divided over slavery
  • slavery is a moral issue, not a legal one
  • not an abolitionist but wanted to stop slavery
    from spreading into new territories

14
John Brown
  • Abolitionist (Radical)
  • Raided Harpers Ferry in
    Virginia
  • wanted weapons to
    arm slaves for rebellion
  • all men caught, tried,
    hanged

15
Presidential Election of 1860
  • Lincoln won
  • Election results made it clear the nation no
    longer wanted compromise
  • Now 18 free states, 15 slave states
  • with Republican party South is upset!

16
Secession
  • South saw Lincoln as an abolitionist
  • South Carolina first state to break away from
    Union

17
Fort Sumter
  • 1861
  • Southerners captured federal fort for weapons
  • 1st battle of the Civil War
  • no one killed, but surrendered to South

18
Confederacy Established
  • 1861
  • seceding states formed a new nation, the
    Confederate States of America, with its president
    Jefferson Davis

19
SUMMARY
  • QUIZ TIME!
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vCCOco6-eK8M

20
  • 1. What river was the original boundary line (in
    1787) that separated North from South?

21
  • 2. Because of westward expansion into Missouri,
    what would be the new boundary line between North
    and South? What is the problem with that
    compromise?

22
  • 3. Why were both the North and South so worried
    about adding one more slave/free state?

23
  • 4. What book created a huge uproar and changed
    the way Northerners thought about slavery?

24
  • 5. Which law promoted popular sovereignty (when
    voters would get to decide whether or not to have
    slavery)?

25
  • 6. What Supreme Court case sealed the fate of
    many blacks who wanted to escape to freedom, but
    now could be hunted because they were property?

26
  • 7. What political party was established that
    took a strong position against slavery, believing
    that no man can own another?

27
  • 8. What man decided to lead a revolt in the
    south, hoping to arm the slaves, but was caught
    and killed?

28
  • 9. Who won the Presidential election of 1860 as
    the first Republican President?

29
  • 10. Name the newly formed southern country.
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