American Government and Politics: Deliberation, Democracy, and Citizenship - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – American Government and Politics: Deliberation, Democracy, and Citizenship PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 7ffc78-YzMxO



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

American Government and Politics: Deliberation, Democracy, and Citizenship

Description:

Chapter Five Civic Culture American Government and Politics: Deliberation, Democracy, and Citizenship – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:123
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 33
Provided by: Julie628
Learn more at: http://www.wosc.edu
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: American Government and Politics: Deliberation, Democracy, and Citizenship


1

Chapter Five Civic Culture
  • American Government and Politics Deliberation,
    Democracy, and Citizenship

2
Chapter Five Learning Objectives
  • Explain the meaning of civic culture and tell how
    it helps distinguish the United States from other
    industrial democracies
  • Define the concept of individualism in American
    life

3
Chapter Five Learning Objectives
  • Explain how religion has so much influence
    despite the separation of church and state
  • Analyze how patriotism has both united Americans
    yet given rise to disputes over free expression

4
Chapter Five Learning Objectives
  • Briefly sketch the role of giving and
    volunteering in American society

STAN HONDA/AFP/Getty Images
5
Introduction to American Civic Culture
  • What are some values you associate with the
    American civic culture?

MATTHEW J. LEE/Boston Globe/Landov
6
Introduction to American Civic Culture
  • Four elements of American civic culture
  • Individualism
  • Religion
  • Patriotism
  • Civilian community service

7
Power and the Individual Individualism
  • Characteristics of American individualism
  • Self-reliance and individual responsibility
  • Favor individual rights
  • Belief that economic competition is good
  • Modest social programs as compared to other
    nations

8
Power and the Individual Reformism
  • In the 19th century, people were concerned about
    the increasing power that political party
    machines, wealthy financiers, and corporations
    exerted in government.
  • As a result, the Progressive movement grew in
    opposition to those forces.

9
Power and the Individual Reformism
  • Progressive movement ideas
  • Concentration of power was the threat
  • Need to reform electoral processes
  • Award government jobs based on the civil service
    system, not political appointees

10
Religion and American Politics
  • With a constitutional guarantee of the separation
    of church and state, why do you believe religion
    has been able to be so influential in American
    politics?

11
Myths and Misinformation
  • On America, Alexis de Tocqueville has been quoted
    as stating that he did not understand the secret
    of her genius and power until he visited
    American churches.
  • Tocqueville was misquoted, but that statement is
    still used today because of its adaptability to
    different causes.

12
Religion and American Politics Born in Mission
  • The Pilgrims came to America seeking religious
    freedom and drafted the Mayflower Compact to
    establish a civil body politick.
  • The Puritans soon followed and many religious
    denominations have their roots in the Puritan
    reform movement.

13
Religion and American PoliticsRevolution and
Founding
  • Religious ideas in early America
  • First Great Awakening
  • Enlightenment
  • Deism

14
Religion and American PoliticsSlavery and Civil
Rights
  • Religious beliefs influenced both pro-slavery and
    anti-slavery movements.
  • The Second Great Awakening focused on issues
    related to social improvement and moral reform,
    and abolishing slavery was an important goal of
    many during this movement.

15
Religion and American PoliticsIndividual Conduct
  • Religious beliefs affected opinions on
  • Prohibition of alcohol
  • Plural marriage
  • Abortion rights

16
Religion and Politics
17
Religion and American PoliticsEducation
  • How has religion affected education?
  • Many private universities have religious
    backgrounds
  • Northwest Ordinance linked religion with
    education
  • Scopes trial brought issues of religion and
    public education to national political agenda

18
Religion and American PoliticsSocial Welfare
  • The Social Gospel movement stressed the role that
    religion should play in charitable work and
    solving social problems such as poverty and child
    labor.
  • The ideas of the Social Gospel movement are still
    alive in American politics today.

19
Religion and American PoliticsFaith and Votes
  • Have religious beliefs affected voting behavior?
  • Moral Majority
  • Christian Coalition
  • Black churches

20
International Perspectives
  • Views of American religiosity
  • Europe has more secular views than America
  • 2006 poll of the British found that 82 believed
    that religion causes division and tension
  • 2005 Pew Global Attitudes Project found that many
    industrial nations thought that Americans were
    too religious

21
Patriotism
Source Pew Research Center for the People and
the Press, Trends in Political Values and
Core Attitudes 19872007Political Landscape
More Favorable to Democrats, March 22, 2007,
at www.people-press.org/reports/pdf/312.pdf.
22
Patriotism and Civil Religion
  • American civil religion
  • Roots are in Judeo-Christian tradition
  • Americans should seek a higher power
  • Nondenominational references to God prevalent

23
Patriotism Symbols and Rituals
  • Many symbols and rituals of patriotism have
    religious traditions
  • Great Seal of the United States
  • Liberty Bell
  • Declaration of Independence display
  • Opinions on flag desecration and reciting the
    Pledge of Allegiance

24
Pledges and Promises
  • The Pledge of Allegiance
  • First version created in 1892 with minor changes
    in 1923 and 1924
  • Congress added phrase under God in 1954
  • For some, the pledge embodies the relationship
    of community, religion and military service

25
Patriotism and Military Service
  • Throughout history, many Americans have expressed
    their patriotism through military service.
  • Other motivations for military service
  • Job training and employment opportunities
  • Benefits for veterans

26
Problems of Patriotism
  • Do you believe that patriotism places greater
    importance on one nation over another?
  • Do you believe that cosmopolitism is a better
    approach? Why or why not?

27
Community Service
  • Why has community service become such an
    important component of American civic culture?
  • As an American do you feel an obligation to
    community service?
  • In what ways have citizens served their
    community?

28
Community Service
  • Americans have served in many ways
  • Participation in civic organizations
  • Charitable giving and volunteering

29
Community Service Private Effort and Public
Policy
  • How has the government promoted community
    service?
  • White House Office of Faith-Based and
    Neighborhood Partnerships
  • Peace Corps and AmeriCorps
  • Tax exempt status to nonprofit organizations

30
Civic Culture and Deliberative Democracy
  • Issues that have affected civic culture and
    deliberative democracy
  • Economic and social change
  • Growth in size of government
  • Judeo-Christian religious traditions and
    emergence of new religious traditions due to
    immigration

31
Deliberation, Citizenship, and You
  • Education as responsibility
  • President Obama has emphasized the importance of
    higher education to the country
  • Critics have said that job training may be more
    important than postsecondary education
  • Are you pursuing a higher education because of a
    sense of obligation to the country?

32
Summary
  • Several characteristics define the American civic
    culture and have helped make the American
    experience and history unique
  • If we understand these characteristics, we will
    better understand many of the enduring issues and
    attitudes in American politics
About PowerShow.com