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Diseases

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How many diseases are ... lifestyle Chronic Multiple causes Non communicable Persists for a prolonged period Treatable ... ADHD to the Disabilities ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Diseases


1
Diseases
  • The Good.
  • The Bad.
  • The Ugly.

2
What is disease?
  • How many diseases are there?
  • Diseases vs Conditions
  • Types of diseases

3
Categories of Disease
  • Infectious
  • Caused by pathogen
  • Communicable
  • Usually acute
  • Promoted by living conditions/lifestyle
  • Chronic
  • Multiple causes
  • Non communicable
  • Persists for a prolonged period
  • Treatable but may not be curable
  • Promoted by living conditions/lifestyle

4
Disease Prevalence
  • Approx. 2.5 million Americans die each year.
  • What are they dying from?

5
Top 15 causes of death in U.S.
  • Heart Disease
  • Cancer (malignant neoplasms)
  • Chronic lower respiratory diseases
  • Stroke (cerebrovascular disease)
  • Accidents (unintentional injuries)
  • Alzheimers
  • Diabetes
  • Nephritis
  • Influenza and pneumonia
  • Suicide
  • Septicemia
  • Chronic liver disease cirrhosis
  • Hypertension
  • Parkinsons Disease
  • Pneumonitis due to solids liquids

National Vital Statistics Report, 2010
6
Any trends?
  • The good news
  • Some bad news
  • Top 3 causes of death more than 50 of all
    deaths.

7
Worldwide causes of death
  • Heart disease
  • Stroke
  • Lower respiratory infections
  • COPD
  • Diarrheal diseases
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Trachea, bronchus, lung cancers
  • Tuberculosis
  • Diabetes
  • Road traffic accidents

World Health Organization, 2011
8
Oregons top 3 causes of death
  • Cancer
  • Heart disease
  • Chronic lower respiratory diseases
  • Causes 4-10 vary by male / female

9
Disease process
  • What causes disease?
  • Who gets diseases?
  • How are diseases diagnosed and treated?
  • How does all of this affect us?

10
Background terminology
  • Diagnosis
  • Prognosis
  • Signs / Symptoms
  • Mortality / Morbidity
  • Etiology
  • Idiopathic
  • Treatment
  • Sequela

11
Disease and Public Health
  • Public health approach is prevention.
  • Possible?

12
Disease and Politics
  • Disease is very political
  • Ex US Congress added ADD/ADHD to the
    Disabilities Education Act in 1991.
  • Who decides health care laws / policies?
  • Who decides funding for disease research?
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