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Review for Exam: Unit One AP World History

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Review for Exam: Unit One AP World History ... Mrs. Mills – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Review for Exam: Unit One AP World History


1
Review for Exam Unit OneAP World History
  • Mrs. Mills

2
Bell ringer
  • 1) Despite the major differences, Christianity,
    Hinduism, and Buddhism all emphasized
  • A) a strong priesthood
  • B) clearly organized church structures
  • C) Hostility to worship of religious images
  • D) Life after Death
  • E) mixing political and religious institutions
  • 2) Civilizations developed independently from the
    three classical civilizations in
  • A) northeast Africa
  • B) Japan
  • C) the Americas
  • D) Korea
  • E) northern Europe

3
Themes of the THREE civilizations
  • China, India, and Mediterranean Region
  • Basic themes of the classical period expansion
    and integration
  • integrate - Definition
  • To make into a whole by bringing all parts
    together unify.
  • INTEGRATION Growing/Expanding yet pulling
    together by more than just name
  • India used religion to integrate and cement
    people
  • China emphasized centralization especially in
    politics
  • Rome emphasizes politics and culture like never
    before, offered citizenship to elites, and a
    tight trade network among grain growing regions

4
Social Integration FAIL
  • All three classical civilizations fostered great
    inequalities' between men and women AND between
    upper and lower class.
  • India Caste System
  • China Confucian sense of hierarchy
  • Mediterranean slavery
  • ASSUMPTION OF INEQULAITY AS NORMAL IS COMMON IN
    ALL THREE SOCIETIES
  • Buddha exception to inequalities he opposes

5
Classical World Declines
  • Integration and expansion faltered between 200
    and 500 CE.

6
Whats going on outside of the big three?
  • AFRICA
  • Kush and Axum- active areas 1000 to 300 BCE
  • Ethiopians take over 300 BCE
  • Ethiopia has strong contacts with eastern
    Mediterranean even after the fall
  • Ethiopia has oldest continuous monarchy- actually
    flourished until 20th century
  • For most of Africa below Sahara major development
    up to 500 BCE is spread of agriculture and
    development of well organized villages- must like
    we still see in Africa today

7
Whats going on outside of the big three? JAPAN
  • Year 200 CE
  • Established extensive agriculture
  • Regional political organization based on tribal
    chiefs evolved
  • Each tribal group has its own god, thought of as
    an ancestor
  • Ironworking skipped bronze age and went directly
    to iron
  • Shintoism religion of worshipping political
    rulers and spirits of nature i.e. god of rice

8
Whats going on outside of the big three? Olmec
Culture
  • CENTRAL AMERICA
  • 800-400 BCE
  • Indian group called the Olmecs
  • Lacked writing but produced massive pyramid
    shaped religious monuments
  • Scientific research produced calendars
  • Disappeared without a clear trace in 400 BCE
    however, their successors developed Teotihuacan
    which was the first great city in the Americas.(
    Became center of trade and worship)
  • From the base of this culture we see the
    development of the MAYA from 400 CE onward.

9
(No Transcript)
10
Decline in China
  • Combination of internal weaknesses and invasion
  • 100 CE China- Han dynasty in decline Huns
    (central Asian nomadic group) invaded,
    politically central govt control has diminished,
    bureaucrats becoming more corrupt, many lose
    land, social unrest increases, Confucian
    intellectuals less creative and Daoists gains
    appeal
  • Daoist leaders Yellow Turbans promised golden
    age to be brought about by divine magic
  • Another problem epidemics
  • Cultural unity threatened as Buddhism spreads
    throughout China
  • HOWEVER, China does revive itself near the end of
    the 6th century
  • Sui then Tang dynasties- Tang revives
    Confucianism and bureacratic system
  • Many Hun invaders ultimately assimilate and
    become a part of Chinese culture

11
Decline in India
  • 500 CE- Hun invaders destroy Gupta empire in
    central India
  • Many invaders integrate into warrior caste,
    forming a new ruling group of regional princes
    (Rajput)
  • Indian culture continues to evolve- Buddhism
    declines further and Hinduism gains ground
  • 600 CE- New invaders- Arab Armies fighting under
    the banner of Allah. Islam
  • Greatly weakens IndiaHinduism and the caste
    system still survive

12
Decline of Rome
  • Roman Empire exhibits great many symptoms of
    decay after about 180 CE.
  • Population declining- poverty and depression
  • Political confusion leads to weak rulers
  • Plagues also sweep the empire
  • Constantine who rules from 312 to 337, attempts
    to reunite Rome under Christianity- Eastern Rome
    and Constantinople remain relatively strong,
    western Rome does not
  • Germanic invaders ultimately put an end to the
    once strong and thriving empire around 476 CE.

13
Results of the Declines
  • The New religious Map- period of decline saw a
    rapid expansion of Buddhism and Christianity
  • The major religions Hinduism in India, Buddhism
    in east and Southeast Asia, Daoism in China,
    Christianity in Europe and parts of the
    Mediterranean, and ultimately Islam

14
The World Around 500 BCE
  • Societies in China, India, and the Mediterranean
    were trying to revive or rework their old
    institutions and values
  • New religious map is forming and spreading
  • Increased skill in agriculture and new contacts
    prepare other parts of the world for new
    developments, and THUS, the three centers of
    civilization of the CLASSICAL PERIOD would not
    dominate to the extent they once did

15
Directions
  • In your groups, you are going to pass some review
    materials around. Each group has five of each
    article, I will switch materials.
  • The reason this will really help? This is a more
    modern perspective and writing based on ancient
    events. It may help clarify the material.
  • You will use the graphic organizer to help you
    organize the information.

16
Important Dates
  • prehistory- 2.5 million 1000 BCE
  • Development of agriculture 9000-5000 BCE
  • Neolithic Village- Catal Huyuk 7000 BCE Southern
    Turkey
  • Mesopotamia develops 3500 BCE- Sumer, Babylon,
    Assyria
  • Egyptian civilization- 3000 BCE
  • Indus River Valley- MohenjoDaro 2500 BCE

17
Important Dates
  • The Classical Period 1000 BCE-500 CE
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