GENERAL ORGANIZATION SKIN Dr. Mah Jabeen Muneera Assistant Professor Department of Anatomy KEMU - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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GENERAL ORGANIZATION SKIN Dr. Mah Jabeen Muneera Assistant Professor Department of Anatomy KEMU

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TERMS, PLANES, POSITIONS GENERAL ORGANIZATION SKIN Dr. Mah Jabeen Muneera Assistant Professor Department of Anatomy KEMU ANATOMICAL POSITION SIGNIFICANCE PLANES ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: GENERAL ORGANIZATION SKIN Dr. Mah Jabeen Muneera Assistant Professor Department of Anatomy KEMU


1
GENERAL ORGANIZATION SKINDr. Mah Jabeen
MuneeraAssistant Professor Department of
AnatomyKEMU
  • TERMS, PLANES, POSITIONS

2
ANATOMICAL POSITION
  • SIGNIFICANCE

3
PLANES
  • MEDIAN
  • SAGITTAL
  • CORONAL/ FRONTAL
  • HORIZONTAL
  • OBLIQUE

4
TERMS
  • ANTERIOR
  • POSTERIOR
  • VENTRAL
  • DORSAL

5
  • MEDIAL
  • LATERAL
  • SUPERIOR
  • INFERIOR
  • CRANIAL
  • CAUDAL

6
  • PROXIMAL
  • DISTAL
  • EXTERNAL
  • INTERNAL
  • SUPERFISCIAL
  • DEEP
  • COMBINED TERMS
  • IPSILATERAL
  • CONTRALATERAL

7
FOR LIMBS
  • RADIAL
  • ULNAR
  • TIBIAL
  • FIBULAR
  • PALMAR
  • PLANTAR

8
GENEARL ORGANIZATION
  • CELL- basic unit of structure and function
  • TISSUE

9
BASIC TISSUES
  • Similar structural functional characteristics
  • Epithelium
  • Connective Tissue
  • Nervous Tissue
  • Muscular Tissue

10
  • ORGAN
  • SYSTEM
  • ORGANISM

11
INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM
  • Skin derivatives
  • Hair
  • Nail
  • Muco-cutaneous junctions
  • Associated glands
  • Sweat glands
  • Sebaceous glands
  • Mammary glands

12
  • Skin covers body surface
  • ext. auditary meatus
  • Lat. Surface of ear drum
  • vestibule of nose

13
  • 8 of total body mass
  • Surface area 2.2m2
  • Thickness varies, depending upon age and region

14
STRUCTURE
  • Epidermis
  • Dermis

15
LAYERS
16
FUNCTIONS
  • Self renewing interface
  • Sensation
  • Protection
  • Temperature Regulation
  • Control of water output
  • Absorption
  • Secretion
  • Excretion
  • Synthesis of vitamin D
  • Storage
  • pH regulation
  • Repair after trauma
  • Elasticity skin lines
  • Social Communication
  • Dermatoglyphics

17
APPEARANCE
  • Skin lines
  • Complexion
  • Thickness
  • Reddish hue of vascularity
  • Melanin
  • Carotene

18
  • Distribution of hair
  • Skin glands
  • Changes due to maturation, ageing
  • General state of health

19
SKIN LINES
  • TENSION LINES (LANGERs)
  • Incision lines
  • STRETCH MARKS
  • WRINKLES
  • DERMATOGLYPHICS
  • OCCUPATIONAL
  • FLEXURE LINES JOINT LINES

20
SUPERFICIAL FASCIA
  • Loose connective tissue
  • Adipose tissue
  • Distribution varies
  • Contours
  • insulation

21
DEEP FASCIA
  • Thick connective tissue
  • Binds superfiscial fascia with underlying tissues
  • Invests structures muscles, nerves, blood
    vessels
  • Sends partitions

22
CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE
  • Information tells clinician about HOW WHERE the
    fluids e.g. pus will track
  • Lymphatics follow the plane of fascia, knowledge
    is important in malignancies
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