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National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) CLOUD COMPUTING PROGRAM

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ITU Workshop on Cloud Computing Standards Today and the Future (Geneva, Switzerland 14 November 2014) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) CLOUD COMPUTING PROGRAM


1
National Institute of Standards and Technology
(NIST) CLOUD COMPUTING PROGRAM
ITU Workshop on Cloud Computing Standards
Today and the Future (Geneva, Switzerland 14
November 2014)
  • Annie W. Sokol,
  • IT Specialist, NIST
  • Annie.sokol_at_nist.gov

2
Overview of NIST Cloud Computing Program
  • Federal Cloud Computing Strategy
  • NIST Cloud Program Launch Objectives
  • Federal Cloud Computing Technology Roadmap
  • NIST Focus

3
Federal IT Strategies
4
Federal Cloud Computing Strategy
  • US IT Budget 80B/year Savings 25
  • Move existing apps to cloud when possible
  • Select Provision Manage
  • 3 main agencies
  • GSA Procurement (FedRAMP)
  • DHS Operational Security
  • NIST Standards

5
Select Provision - Manage
6
Why NIST?
US government agencies need Cloud Computing
standards guidance to accelerate effective
adoption Private sector and U.S. government
agencies must work together to identify highest
priority USG Cloud Computing requirements
gaps Neutral, objective entity is instrumental
in encouraging innovation and a level playing
field for U.S. industry
7
Program Goal
  • To accelerate the federal governments adoption
    of cloud computing
  • Build a USG Cloud Computing Technology Roadmap
    which focuses on the highest priority USG cloud
    computing security, interoperability and
    portability requirements
  • Lead efforts to develop standards and guidelines
    in close consultation and collaboration with
    standards bodies, the private sector, and other
    stakeholders

8
NIST Cloud Computing Program
9
Building the NIST Cloud Computing Technology
Roadmap
10
SP 500-293 USG Cloud Computing Roadmaps Volume
I II
Use collaboration through public working groups
to validate findings
  • Core Elements
  • Prioritized strategic and tactical requirements
    that must be met for USG agencies to further
    cloud adoption
  • Interoperability, portability, and security
    standards, guidelines, and technology needed to
    satisfy these requirements
  • Recommended list of Priority Action Plans (PAPs)
    -- candidates for voluntary self-tasking by the
    stakeholder community.

11
SP 500-293 Volume I Roadmap Requirements Priority
Action Plans (PAPs)
  1. International voluntary consensus-based
    standards
  2. Solutions for High-priority Security
    Requirements, technically de-coupled from
    organizational policy decisions
  3. Technical specifications to enable development of
    consistent, high-quality Service-Level Agreements
  4. Clearly and consistently categorized cloud
    services
  5. Frameworks to support seamless implementation of
    federated community cloud environments
  • Updated Organization Policy that reflects the
    Cloud Computing Business and Technology model
  • Defined unique government regulatory requirements
    and solutions
  • Collaborative parallel strategic future cloud
    development initiatives
  • Defined and implemented reliability design goals
  • Defined and implemented cloud service metrics
  • (Interoperability, portability and security
    technology)

12
SP 500-293 USG Cloud Computing Roadmap Volume II
  • Reference Architecture Taxonomy
  • Recommend Industry Mapping so that USG agencies
    others can more easily and consistently compare
    cloud services
  • In parallel, support formal standards development
    process leveraging the reference architecture
  • Standards
  • Provide avenue for USG agency engagement
  • Continue standards roadmap
  • Target Business Use Cases SAJACC
  • Expand initial use case set use SAJACC to
    identify gaps
  • Security
  • leverage working groups to finalize special
    publication focusing on challenging security
    requirements
  • Continue technical advisor role e.g. FedRAMP,
    continuous monitoring, conformity assessment
    system
  • Useful information for Cloud Adopters
  • Summary of the work completed
  • Analysis supports high priority requirements
    introduced in Volume I
  • References to detailed publications and external
    work

13
Status
  • Phase I (COMPLETED)
  • Reference Architecture Taxonomy
  • Security Reference Architecture
  • Descriptions of Cloud Broker
  • Standards Inventory
  • Phase II (On-going)
  • Future Architecture
  • Activities

14
Current Cloud Focus Areas
  • Refinement
  • Actors
  • Services
  • Architecture
  • Service level agreements
  • Metrics
  • Interoperability and Portability
  • Federation

15
Future Outlook
  • The convenience of reliable, trusted and
    measureable cloud services become a foundational
    element of the global economy.
  • These services, constructed with open standards
    and metric based building blocks, form the basis
    for a collection of interconnected clouds to
  • facilitate world-wide collaboration shared
    knowledge
  • drive innovation
  • provide positive environmental and economic
    impacts

16
Contacts
Dr. Abdella Battou abdella.battou_at_nist.gov Dr.
Robert Bohn robert.bohn_at_nist.gov Lisa
Carnahan lisa.carnahan_at_nist.gov John
Messina john.messina_at_nist.gov Dr. Michaela
Iorga micheala.iorga_at_nist.gov Annie
Sokol annie.sokol_at_nist.gov Mike
Hogan michael.hogan_at_nist.gov Eric
Simmon eric.simmon_at_nist.gov Frederic de
Vaulx frederic.devaulx_at_nist.gov
CC Lead/ANTD Chief Program Manager Conformity
Assessment RA/Tax Security Standards Standards SL
A/Standards Metrics
NIST ITL Cloud Computing Home Page
http//www.nist.gov/itl/cloud NIST Cloud
Computing Collaboration Site (twiki) http//collab
orate.nist.gov/twiki-cloud-computing/bin/view/Clou
dComputing
17
Additional References
18
Why Standards
Highlights of a study by DIN (German Standards
Institute) and the German Federal Ministry of
Economic Affairs and Technology (IEEE Think
Standards, http//www.thinkstandards.net/benefits
.html )
  • Standards contribute more to economic growth than
    patents and licenses
  • Standards play a strategic significance to
    companies
  • Companies that participate actively in standards
    work have a head start on their competitors in
    adapting to market demands
  • Research risks and development costs are reduced
    for companies contributing to the standardization
    process
  • Business that are actively involved in standards
    work more frequency reap short and long term
    benefits with regard to costs and competitive
    status than those who do not participate
  • Participating in standards development enables
    one to anticipate technology standardization
    thereby facilitating ones products progress
    simultaneously with technology
  • Standards are a positive stimulus for innovation

19
NIST Publications relating to Cloud Computing
  • NIST Special Publication 800-144, Guidelines on
    Security and Privacy in Public Cloud Computing,
    December 2011
  • NIST Special Publication 800-145, NIST Definition
    of Cloud Computing, September 2011
  • NIST Special Publication 800-146, Cloud Computing
    Synopsis and Recommendations, May 2012
  • NIST Special Publication 500-291, NIST Cloud
    Computing Standards Roadmap, July 2011
  • NIST Special Publication 500-292, NIST Cloud
    Computing Reference Architecture, September 2011
  • NIST Special Publication 500-299, NIST Cloud
    Computing Security Reference Architecture (Draft)
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