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Title: The American Vision Author: Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Last modified by: LJ Created Date: 2/1/2007 7:00:27 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Splash%20Screen


1
Splash Screen
2
Chapter Menu
Chapter Introduction Section 1 The Western
Pioneers Section 2 The Hispanic
Southwest Section 3 Independence for
Texas Section 4 The War with Mexico Visual
Summary
3
Section 4
The War with Mexico
Hostilities over the southwestern boundary of
Texas led to war with Mexico.
4
Section 4
The War with Mexico (cont.)
  • After Herrera refused to talk to Slidell, Polk
    ordered troops led by General Zachary Taylor to
    cross the Nueces River.
  • Polk waited until the Mexicans made the first
    move and declared that the U.S. was at war by
    the act of Mexico herself.

The War with Mexico, 18461848
5
Section 4
The War with Mexico (cont.)
  • Polk and his advisers developed a three-pronged
    strategy
  • Taylors troops would continue to move south,
    crossing the Rio Grande near the Gulf of Mexico.
  • A separate force to the northwest would capture
    Santa Fe and then march west to take control of
    California with the help of the American navy.

The War with Mexico, 18461848
6
Section 4
The War with Mexico (cont.)
  • U.S. forces would advance on Mexico City and
    force Mexico to surrender.
  • Almost 73,000 men volunteered to fight, although
    they were less than ideal soldiers.

The War with Mexico, 18461848
7
Section 4
The War with Mexico (cont.)
  • The first two parts of the strategy went smoothly.
  • Even before war with Mexico was officially
    declared, settlers in northern California led by
    American General John C. Frémont had begun an
    uprising.
  • On June 14, 1846, they declared California
    independent and renamed the region the Bear Flag
    Republic.

The War with Mexico, 18461848
8
Section 4
The War with Mexico (cont.)
  • American naval forces soon arrived and took
    possession of California for the U.S.
  • Polk placed General Winfield Scott, a member of
    the Whig Party, in command of the campaign to
    take Mexico City.
  • After vicious and bloody battles, Americans
    captured the capital.

The War with Mexico, 18461848
9
Section 4
The War with Mexico (cont.)
  • On February 2, 1848, Mexican leaders signed the
    Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
  • In the agreement, Mexico ceded more than 500,000
    square miles of territory and accepted the Rio
    Grande as the southern border of Texas.
  • The United States now stretched from ocean to
    ocean.

The War with Mexico, 18461848
10
Section 4
Which question would soon lead the U.S. into a
bloody civil war? A. Who should be president?
B. Should the Whig Party exist? C. Should
slavery exist? D. Who owns Alaska?
  1. A
  2. B
  3. C
  4. D

11
Section 4-End
12
Figure 6
13
DFS Trans 4
14
Vocab15
cede to give up by treaty
15
Vocab17
secure free from risk of loss
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