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ART OF SPIRITUAL CARE IN ISLAM

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Spirituality in Islam has many forms and can be practiced in many ways: ... and seeking meaning in life all involve ... Spiritual Questions Muslims Ask. Why me ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: ART OF SPIRITUAL CARE IN ISLAM


1
ART OF SPIRITUAL CARE IN ISLAM
  • Nazila Isgandarova, C.C.C.
  • SR Care Coordinator, Cummer Lodge LTC

2
Importance of Spirituality, Diversity,and
Spiritual Resources
  • Diversity in spirituality enriches the
    educational experience
  • Diversity in spirituality prompts personal growth
    and a healthy society
  • Diversity in spirituality strengthens communities
    and the workplace.

3
What is the Islamic Spirituality?
  • God possesses a drink which is reserved for His
    intimate friendswhen they drink they become
    intoxicated,when they become intoxicated they
    become joyful,when they become joyful they
    become sweet,when they become sweet they begin
    to melt,

4
What is the Islamic Spirituality?
  • when they begin to melt they become free,when
    they become free they seek,when they seek they
    find,when they find they arrive,when they
    arrive they joinand when they join there is no
    difference between them and their Beloved.
  • Imam Ali (a.s.)

5
Importance of Spirituality
  • Imagine yourself in a patient/client situation
    where that person suddenly asks you Why did God
    choose me to suffer?
  • Health professionals take a spiritual history -
    find out whether religious or spiritual beliefs
    are used to cope, are evoking religious
    struggles, are likely to influence medical
    decisions or are responsible for other special
    needs that trained clergy may help with.

6
Reasons to Define
  • Regardless of different forms of organized
    religions spirituality is the affirmation of our
    essential humanness through our search to be
    alive and fruitful in meaningful ways.

7
Multidisciplinary Definition of SpiritualityHay
River, NWT Regional Hospital, 1997
  • Spirituality is that aspect of every human being
    , rooted in our unique createdness which is on a
    sacred journey of completeness, sometimes seeking
    to connect with and trust in the divine being and
    in pursuit of such things as wisdom, faith,
    future, love, justice, hope, meaning,
    forgiveness, peace and more in order to affirm
    who we are in essence as human beings and with
    the goal of being alive and fruitful in ways that
    are meaningful.

8
Key aspects of Muslim spirituality
  • Search for meaning
  • wholeness
  • peace
  • individuality
  • harmony
  • a biological and integral part of being human
  • way of being
  • an energizing force for actualization
  • meaningful and extensive way of knowing the world

9
Spirituality in Islam has many forms and can be
practiced in many ways
  • Prayer (may be silent or spoken out loud and can
    be done alone such as five daily prayer and in
    any setting or in groups such as the Jumaa
    prayer on Fridays)
  • Regular attendance at a mosque may involve prayer
    which focuses on one's self (supplication) or on
    others (intercessory prayer).
  • Spirituality can also be practiced without a
    formal religion
  • Meditation, 12-step work (as practiced in
    Alcoholics Anonymous and similar groups), and
    seeking meaning in life all involve spirituality.
  • Silent observation, listening, or gratitude can
    become part of an open-ended spirituality that
    can infuse everyday life.
  • Spending time with nature, doing creative work,
    or by serving others.

10
Forms of spiritual care in Islam
  •  
  • Iyâdah (visiting the sick) is the practice,
  • rifq (exemplary kindness/care) is the approach,
  • and ihsân (doing what is beautiful) is the
    optimal state in which spiritual care should be
    offered.

11
Three Important Sources of Islamic Spiritual Care
  • 1 The Quran
  • 2 The Sunnah (traditions of the Prophet
    Muhammad peace be upon him)
  • 3 the social sciences, expecially family
    therapy, counselling etc.

12
Sura al-Isra
  • We send down (stage by stage) in the Qur'an that
    which is a healing and a mercy to those who
    believe to the unjust it causes nothing but loss
    after loss.
  •  
  • Wanunazzilu mina alqur-ani mahuwa shifaon
    warahmatun lilmu/mineena walayazeedu
    alththalimeena illakhasaran
  • (Surah 17, ayah 82)

13
Importance of prayer from the Sunnah
  • can decrease the negative effects of disease,
  • speed recovery,
  • and increase the effectiveness of medical
    treatments.
  • to improve coping and provide comfort during
    illness.
  • Religious attendance is sometimes linked with
  • improvement of various health conditions such as
    heart disease, hypertension, stroke, colitis,
    uterine and other cancers, and overall health
    status.

14
Tools for Islamic Spiritual Care - 1
15
Tools for Islamic Spiritual Care - 2
16
Who are the Muslim spiritual care givers?
  • Muslim clergy such as Imams are the religious
    leaders of Muslim community
  • Muslim Chaplains are the professional healthcare
    providers trained to do the spiritual care in
    hospitals, prison, long term care homes, tc.
  • Muslim medical clinicians are the Muslim doctors,
    nurses, etc.

17
Spiritual Concerns of Muslims
  • Loss
  • Mortality
  • Dignity
  • Hope
  • After-death
  • Isolation and connection, etc.

18
Spiritual Questions Muslims Ask
  • Why me?
  • Why now?
  • What does this mean?
  • Is there hope?
  • Can I be forgiven?
  • What happens when I die?
  • How will I be remembered?

19
Signs of Spiritual Crisis
  • The Dreaded Questions
  • Loss of long-held beliefs and practices
  • Seeking forgiveness, feeling abandoned
  • Depression/anxiety/isolation/anger
  • Non-adherence
  • Unexplained symptoms

20
The Greater Needs of Muslims
  • Companionship
  • Soothing
  • Authentic interest
  • Hope and Joy
  • Intimacy/Connection
  • The power of conversation

21
What is Healing?
  • In Islam, there are two main words for the
    purpose of treatment
  • shifa which means healing and
  • another one is mualija which means treatment.
  • The Muslim tradition of spiritual healing or
    shifa which is based on the recognition of the
    effect of spiritual health on the physical body
    (Isgandarova, 2006).

22
Importance of Spiritual Care
  •  In Islamic tradition, visiting the sick and
    showing a spiritual care is a basic duty one
    Muslim has for another, and is not reserved only
    for close friends and family. 
  • It is actually a basic form of worship to bring
    one closer to God.
  • In times of distress or illness, the Muslim finds
    the greatest solace and comfort in the
    remembrance of God. 

23
Religious Accommodation of Muslims
  • It is about
  • Respect
  • Dignity
  • Obeying Law
  • Challenges
  • Freedom of Religion To observe a religious
    practice
  • Freedom from Religion Freedom from religious
    proselytization and evangelism

24
Common Areas of Accommodation
  • Dress
  • Public Worship Service
  • Diet
  • Holidays
  • Obligatory Practices
  • Gender Issues
  • Iconography

25
Dietary Requirements
  • The Quran prohibits the consumption of alcohol
    and pork.
  • Muslims wont eat any food that has touched pork.
    For example picking the pepperoni off pizza
    isnt going to work.
  • Muslims follow certain standards called Halal
    (permissible) to slaughter meat.
  • Some Muslims wont eat any meat that isnt
    certified Halal and some will, as long as its
    not pork.

Slide 25
www.cairhouston.org
26
Dressing Modestly Clothing and Dress
  • In public, some Mennonite, Jewish, Muslim women
    wear headscarf. This attire may vary in style and
    includes a head covering. But some believe they
    do not need to cover their hair in order to
    maintain modest dress

Slide 26
27
  • Some men are also required to dress modestly
  • You might see some Jewish, Muslim, Sikh boys
    wearing a small, sometimes flat cap on their
    heads. This is called a Kufi for Muslims, Turban
    for Sikhs, and Kippa for Jewish.
  • If you see someone wearing a turban it doesnt
    necessarily mean they are a Muslim. In fact
    chances are theyre not.
  • Cultural symbols for some countries in the Middle
    East so some men may wear one but it looks very
    different from a Sikh turban.

Slide 27
www.cairhouston.org
28
Benefits of Spiritual and Religious Care to
Muslims
  • decrease the depression and build the community
    for them
  • old and new friendships
  • share activities, communication and
    self-disclosure , etc.

29
The ongoing crisis of faithful and the secular
Some examples
  • A Muslim woman has a seizure in the library. Only
    male staff are available to help. What to do?
  • A Muslim mal patient refuses to receive a care
    from a female nurse. What to do?
  • In all of these cases, Muslims have strong
    positions on matters which a secular worker may
    see as non-issues. Are these issues of religion,
    mythology, superstition, etc?

30
Modesty from an Islamic Perspective
31
Conclusion
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