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The Anglo-Saxon Era 449 - 1066

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The Anglo-Saxon Era 449 - 1066 Glory in Battle – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Anglo-Saxon Era 449 - 1066


1
The Anglo-Saxon Era449 - 1066
Glory in Battle
2
The Anglo-Saxon Era449 - 1066
  • Celts Britons original inhabitants of England
  • Romans invaded in 55 BC (brought government,
    roads, villas and Christianity). Romans leave in
    410
  • 449 Angles, Saxons Jutes invaded England from
    North Danes invaded later (Germanic)
  • Alfred the Great defends England from Danish
    invaders and unites Anglo- Saxons
  • Pagan worshipped Germanic gods and fate
  • Oral tradition recorded by Christian monks

3
Anglo-Saxon Culture
  • Bravery in Battle
  • Loyalty to King or leader
  • Bards or poets were used to elevate heroes of
    tribes and were as important as warriors
  • Faith in God to intervene with fate. Influence of
    paganism
  • Warfare was the order of the day
  • Amassing a fortune in battle

4
Anglo-Saxon Poetry
  • Subjects Glory, Battle, Treasure, Ocean Travel,
    Fate, Good vs. Evil
  • Tone Heroic, Tragic, Bellicose
  • Form Narrative, alliterative poetry (not
    rhyming) blank verse kenning two or three words
    in place of one (whale- road the pathless deep
    the prison house)

5
Anglo-Saxon Literature
The Book of Kells
6
The Invasions
7
The Medieval Period
The Age of Chivalry
8
The Medieval Period1066 - 1485
  • 1066 Norman Conquest William the Conquerer
    brought French language, customs (chivalry) and
    government (feudalism)
  • Feudalism 3 classes nobility, clergy,
    peasantry religion dominated
  • Legends King Arthur and Robin Hood
  • 1348-49 Plague killed 1/3 European pop.

9
Medieval Legends
10
The Medieval Ballad
  • Form Narrative poem originated in oral
    tradition often set to music, usually quatrains
    (abcb)
  • Subjects Loyalty, Christianity, battle,
    chivalry (focus is on plot only)
  • Tone Usually tragic, often supernatural,
    dutiful, heroic

11
The Renaissance1485 1660
Rebirth of Knowledge
12
The Renaissance1485 1660
  • Rebirth of classical knowledge moved north from
    Italy
  • Tudor Dynasty patrons of arts and sciences
  • Gutenburg and Caxton increased literacy
  • Reformation split church Protestant / Catholic
  • Highly structured stylized designs in art
    lit.
  • Characteristics of poetry
  • Form Lyric poem, highly stylized every
    syllable counts
  • Subject Ideal love, classical allusions
  • Tone Respectful, impassioned, dutiful

13
Medieval v. Renaissance Art
14
The Sonnet
  • Most popular form of poetry in Renaissance
  • Meter Iambic Pentameter
  • Rhyme Scheme
  • Petrarchan / Italian first form ABBA ABBA CDDC
    CC
  • Octet First 8 lines, sets up the story
  • Sestet Second 6 lines, tells feelings / actions
    / outcomes
  • Adapted by Shakespeare to form English sonnet
    ABAB CDCD EFEF GG

15
The Enlightenment1660 - 1798
The Age of Reason
16
The Enlightenment1660 - 1798
  • Out of the Dark Ages into the Light
  • Discovery of Microscope and Telescope in 1600s
    The educated could see the world in a new light.
    Believed in the human ability to solve problems
    in a logical way using reason not religious
    beliefs.
  • Focus on Rationalism, Science, Knowledge
  • General belief that people are naturally good and
    must do good deeds Social reform, Restraint,
    Control, Order
  • Neoclassicism influenced by classical cultures
  • Satire (humor morality) flourished

17
Characteristics of Enlightenment Poetry
  • Tone Logical, reasonable
  • Form Strict rhyme schemeoften couplets
  • Subjects man and his role in the world,
  • Classical allusions


18
The Romantics1780 - 1830
Nature, Imagination the Common Man
19
The Romantics1798 - 1832
  • Lyrical Ballads written by Wordsworth and
    Coleridge
  • 3 Revolutions Industrial, French, American
  • Reaction against Enlightenment
  • Poetry the spontaneous overflow of powerful
    emotions recollected in tranquility
  • Characteristics of poetry
  • Subjects Middle Ages, nature, mysterious and
    supernatural events, common man, rebellion
  • Form Often lyric with looser rhymes
  • Tone Spontaneous, rebellious, imaginative,
    mysterious

20
Enlightenment v. Romantic Art
21
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22
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23
The Victorian Age1830 - 1880
The Duty to Lead the World
24
The Victorian Age1830 - 1880
  • Optimism caused by strong navy, growing economy,
    technical progress
  • Anxiety caused by Darwins theory geological
    discoveries that challenged religious thought
  • Duty to enlarge the Empire led to
    self-discipline, strict control, stiff upper
    lip
  • Characteristics of poetry
  • Subjects Duty, modernization, imperialization,
    reform, British Empire
  • Form Lyric, dramatic or narrative w/ strict
    rhymes
  • Tone Controlled, disciplined

25
The British Empire
26
The Modern Era1905 - Present
Fragmentation and Globalization
27
The Modern Era1905 - Present
  • Things fall apart the center cannot hold
    (Yeats) a motto for the 2oth century
  • Political and cultural institutions continue to
    fall apart and no longer provide stability
  • 1905 Einsteins theory of relativity abolished
    absolutes, Darwinism theory of natural selection
    challenges Christian doctrine
  • WWI, WWII, The Holocaust, Nuclear bomb, Great
    Depression, scandals of 60s and 70s,
    assassinations, riots and threat of nuclear
    annihilation
  • Culture of Paranoia
  • Womens Rights movement changed/ stressed the
    relationships between sexes
  • Civil Rights movement sought to end racial
    oppression

28
Characteristics of poetry
  • Form Loosened forms, informal style,
    conversational tone, layered w/ meaning
  • Subjects Consciousness, time, movement, nebulous
    modern life
  • Tone angry, lonely, apathetic, rebellious
  • Literature much less dominated by white men.

29
Modern Art
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