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Dissociative, Schizophrenia, and Personality Disorders

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Title: Dissociative, Schizophrenia, and Personality Disorders


1
Dissociative, Schizophrenia, and Personality
Disorders
2
Dissociative Disorders
3
Dissociative Disorders
  • Disorders in which the sense of self has become
    separated (dissociated) from previous memories,
    thoughts, or feelings

4
Types of Dissociative Disorders
  • Three main types
  • Dissociative Amnesia
  • Dissociative Fugue
  • Dissociative Identity Disorder

5
Dissociative Disorders
6
Dissociative DisordersDissociative Amnesia
7
Dissociative Amnesia
  • A dissociative disorder characterized by loss of
    memory in reaction to a traumatic event
  • Example soldiers in combat

8
Dissociative DisordersDissociative Fugue
9
Dissociative Fugue
  • A dissociative disorder characterized by loss of
    identity and travel to a new location
  • The person may develop a new identity and begin a
    new life.

10
Dissociative DisordersDissociative Identity
Disorder
11
Dissociative Identity Disorder
  • Rare and controversial dissociative disorder in
    which an individual experiences two or more
    distinct and alternating personalities
  • Formerly called multiple personalities

12
Dissociative Identity Disorder
  • Personalities can be different ages, sex, and
    self perception of characteristics
  • Three Faces of Eve
  • Sybil

13
Dissociative Identity Disorder
  • Insert Multiple Personality Disorder Video 31
    from Worths Digital Media Archive for
    Psychology.
  • Instructions for importing the video file can be
    found in the Readme file on the CD-ROM.
  • This same clip is on the Brain Series.

14
Dissociative Identity Disorder
  • Play Multiple Personality (900) Module 23
    from The Brain Teaching Modules (2nd edition).
  • This same clip is on the Worth Digital Media
    Archive CD-ROM.

15
Schizophrenia Disorders
16
Schizophrenia
  • Group of severe disorders characterized by
    disorganized and delusional thinking, disturbed
    perceptions, and inappropriate emotions and
    actions
  • Is not one disorder but a family of disorders
  • Is not split personality
  • Occurs in about 1 of the population
  • Develops in late teens/early adulthood

17
Schizophrenia
  • Play Schizophrenia Symptoms (539) Module 26
    from The Brain Teaching Modules (2nd edition).

18
Schizophrenia DisordersSymptoms of Schizophrenia
19
Symptoms of Schizophrenia
  • Symptoms of schizophrenia include
  • Delusions (false beliefs)
  • Hallucinations (false perceptions)
  • Inappropriate emotions or behaviors

20
Symptoms of Schizophrenia
21
Delusions
  • False beliefs that are symptoms of schizophrenia
    and other serious psychological disorders
  • Four major types of delusions
  • Grandeur
  • Persecution
  • Sin or guilt
  • Influence

22
Delusions of Grandeur
  • False beliefs that a person is more important
    than they really are
  • Patients may believe they are a famous person
    (e.g. Napoleon)

23
Delusions of Persecution
  • False beliefs that people are out to get the
    person
  • Believe they are being followed, the phone is
    wiretapped, etc.

24
Delusions of Sin or Guilt
  • False beliefs that the person is responsible for
    some misfortune

25
Delusions of Influence
  • False beliefs of being controlled by outside
    forces

26
Hallucinations
  • False perceptions that are symptoms of
    schizophrenia or other serious psychological
    disorders
  • Types of hallucinations
  • Auditory (hearing voices)
  • Visual (seeing things)
  • Tactile (feeling skin sensations)
  • Can also have distorted smell and taste

27
Inappropriate Emotions/Behaviors
  • Flat affect showing little or no emotional
    response
  • Word salad nonsense talk
  • Waxy flexibility the persons arms and legs
    will remain in place after being moved there

28
Schizophrenia DisordersTypes of Schizophrenia
29
Types of Schizophrenia
30
Paranoid Schizophrenia
  • Characterized by delusions, especially grandeur
    and persecution. Auditory and other
    hallucinations support the delusions.

A Beautiful Mind
31
Catatonic Schizophrenia
  • Characterized by variations in voluntary movement
  • Catatonic excitement rapid movements with
    delusions and hallucinations
  • Catatonic stupor little or no activity,
    movement, or speech (waxy flexibility)

32
Disorganized Schizophrenia
  • Characterized by bizarre behavior, delusions, and
    hallucinations.
  • Very disturbed thought and language (word salad)

33
Undifferentiated Schizophrenia
  • Symptoms that dont clearly fit into one of the
    other types of schizophrenia but still show clear
    symptoms of schizophrenia

34
Schizophrenia in the Real World
  • Play Cop Psychiatrists (1030) Segment 32 from
    Scientific American Frontiers Video Collection
    for Introductory Psychology (2nd edition).

35
Schizophrenia DisordersCauses
36
Schizophrenia
  • Play Schizophrenia Etiology (1445) Module 27
    from The Brain Teaching Modules (2nd edition).

37
Biological Factors - Genetics
  • Schizophrenia tends to run in families.
  • Genetics appears to produce a predisposition
    (increased likelihood) to develop schizophrenia.

Genain Quadruplets
38
Genetics and Schizophrenia
39
Biological Factors Brain Structure
  • Brain structure of those with schizophrenia is
    different than the normal brain
  • Those with schizophrenia have smaller amounts of
    brain tissue and larger fluid filled spaces.
  • The thalamus is smaller in those with
    schizophrenia.

40
Biological Factors Brain Function
  • The brain of those with schizophrenia operates
    differently than the normal brain.
  • The frontal lobes show less activity.
  • Those with schizophrenia have a larger number of
    receptor sites for the neurotransmitter dopamine.

41
Biological Factors Brain Function
42
Schizophrenia
  • Insert The Schizophrenic Brain Video 29 from
    Worths Digital Media Archive for Psychology.
  • Instructions for importing the video file can be
    found in the Readme file on the CD-ROM.

43
Biological Factors Prenatal Viruses
  • A viral infection during the middle of pregnancy
    may increase schizophrenia risk.

44
Psychological Factors
  • Two main areas
  • Stress
  • Disturbed family
  • Its unclear whether these are causes or
    consequences of schizophrenia.

45
Personality Disorders
46
Personality Disorders
  • Psychological disorders characterized by rigid
    and lasting behavior patterns that disrupt social
    functioning
  • Divided into three clusters
  • Related to anxiety
  • With odd and eccentric behaviors
  • With dramatic or impulsive behaviors

47
Personality Disorders
48
Personality Disorders Related to Anxiety
49
Avoidant Personality Disorder
  • So sensitive about being rejected that personal
    relationships become difficult

50
Dependent Personality Disorder
  • Behave in clingy, submissive ways and displays a
    strong need to have others take care of them

51
Personality Disorders with Odd or Eccentric
Behaviors
52
Paranoid Personality Disorder
  • Shows deep distrust of other people, which gets
    in the way of personal relationships
  • Different than paranoid schizophrenia

53
Schizoid Personality Disorder
  • Is detached from social relationships
  • Are true hermits, preferring life alone and
    avoiding intimate interactions at all costs

54
Personality Disorders with Dramatic or Impulsive
Behaviors
55
Borderline Personality Disorder
  • Exhibit instability of emotions, self-image,
    behavior, and relationships

56
Antisocial Personality Disorder
  • Personality disorder in which the person shows a
    lack of conscience for wrongdoing
  • Shows no respects for the rights others
  • Usually male
  • Also known as psychopathic or sociopathic
    personality disorder
  • The Ice Man

57
The Antisocial Personality Disorder
  • Insert The Mind of the Psychopath Video 30
    from Worths Digital Media Archive for
    Psychology.
  • Instructions for importing the video file can be
    found in the Readme file on the CD-ROM.
  • This video clip is also part of The Mind series
    segment.

58
The Mind of the Psychopath
  • Play The Mind of the Psychopath (1839) Segment
    35 from The Mind Psychology Teaching Modules
    (2nd edition).
  • Parts of this video clip are included in the
    Worth Digital Media Archive CD-ROM.
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