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Dissociative Disorders

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Dissociative Disorders Psychology Grade 12 Ms. Rebecca I. Dissociation Separation of personality parts or mental processes from conscious thought. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Dissociative Disorders


1
Dissociative Disorders
  • Psychology Grade 12
  • Ms. Rebecca

2
I. Dissociation
  • Separation of personality parts or mental
    processes from conscious thought.
  • In English Zoning out
  • Example You may be so involved in listening to
    a Psychology lesson you cant hear when someone
    calls your name.

3
A. When is Dissociation a disorder?
  • When it is used as a way to avoid stressful
    events or feelings.

4
Examples
  • Someone loses their memory of a painful
    experience (rape, child abuse etc)
  • Lose memory of identity!

5
II.Types of Dissociative Disorders
  • A. Dissociative Amnesia- Sudden loss of memory,
    usually right after a stressful or traumatic
    event.

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ts/mba/lowres/mban1522l.jpg
6
A. Dissociative Amnesia-
  • Usually people with Dissociative Amnesia forget
    events during a period of time around the trauma
    but sometimes a person may forget ALL prior
    experience and may be unable to remember his/her
    name, recognize friends and family or recall
    personal information.

7
1. How does it get fixed?
  • Memory is likely to return just as suddenly as it
    is lost.

http//i184.photobucket.com/albums/x34/clowndikk/L
ongKissGoodnightThe1996104415_f.jpg
8
B. Dissociative Fugue
  • Another type of Dissociative Disorder
  • 1. Multiple personalities
  • Different personalities may or may not be aware
    of the others and each personality takes turns
    controlling the person.

9
B. Dissociative Fugue
  • 2. Each personality is likely to be different
    from the others in ways like
  • - voice
  • - facial expression
  • - perceived age
  • - gender
  • - physical characteristics

10
B. Dissociative Fugue
  • 3. Why do people get Dissociative Fugue?
  • Usually severely abused as children

http//www.humanillnesses.com/original/images/hdc_
0001_0002_0_img0178.jpg
11
3. Depersonalization Disorder
  • -Feelings of detachment from ones mental
    processes or body. Out of body experience.

http//i31.tinypic.com/i4kfp0.jpg
12
3. Depersonalization Disorder
  • Why does it happen?
  • Often goes with other psychological disorders
  • A likely to occur after a stressful event

13
III. Explaining Dissociative Disorders
  • 2 different views
  • 1. Psychoanalitical- people dissociate to
    repress unacceptable urges
  • 2. Learning- Learn to not thing about disturbing
    events to avoid feelings of guilt, shame or pain
  • Dissociate by forgetting painful events! It
    works! Anxiety is reduced when a trauma is
    forgotten but..

14
Homework
  • Use your notes and book to fill in the
    Dissociative Disorders worksheet and define
  • Key terms
  • Dissociative Disorders
  • Dissociation
  • Dissociative Amnesia
  • Dissociative Fugue
  • Dissociative Identity Disorder
  • Depersonalization Disorder
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