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McKinley, Roosevelt, Taft, Wilson

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Title: Slide 1 Author: davisj4 Last modified by: sburns Created Date: 10/29/2008 5:19:55 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) Company – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: McKinley, Roosevelt, Taft, Wilson


1
Imperialism and Foreign Policy
  • McKinley, Roosevelt, Taft, Wilson

2
Insurrection (Rebellion) in the Philippines
  • Filipinos disliked being an America colony
  • Start to rebel using guerilla warfare/insurrection
  • Rebels were placed into concentration camps
  • Insurrection finally ended
  • US lost more troops in the rebellion than in
    gaining the colony
  • Filipinos dont get independence until 1946

3
China
China
USA
  • Britain, France, Germany and Russia carved up
    China into spheres of influence
  • Each country was able to control their region
    economically
  • US was left outfelt threatened
  • Chinese did not like European culture, want to
    keep their traditional Chinese culture

Germany
Britain
Japan
France
4
Boxer Rebellion
  • Boxers were a group of Chinese nationalists
    that wanted to keep their culture traditional
    (hated European culture)
  • Anger turned into rebellion against the foreign
    devils
  • Kill Europeans
  • Europeans and Americans go to squash the
    rebellion
  • Once the rebellion was over Chinese nationalism
    intensified

5
Open Door Policy
  • Supported by McKinley
  • Let China and the world know that America did not
    want colonies in China it just wanted open trade
    with China (open door for trade)

6
  • Cuba
  • Puerto Rico
  • Platt Amendment restricted the rights of Cubans
  • Declared that Cuba was a US territory
  • Let the US intervene in Cuban affairs
  • cant sign treaties with other countries
  • Must lease naval bases to US
  • Guantanamo Bay which is still there today
  • Given the ability to form a government but US
    president chooses many leaders
  • Not treated as American citizens until 1917
  • Still a US territory today

7
"Big Stick" Diplomacy
  • Practiced by Teddy Roosevelt
  • Roosevelts plan to deal with Latin America
  • His plan relied heavily on military power (big
    stick) not political negotiations
  • Supported the concept of uplifting and civilizing
    weaker nations with force when necessary

Speak softly and carry a big stick, you will go
far
8
Panama Canal
  • Would shorten the trip from Atlantic Ocean to
    Pacific Ocean by 8,000 miles
  • France started the canal but sold the contract to
    US for 40 million
  • To continue America needed to get more land from
    Colombia (owned Panama)
  • Roosevelt willing to do anything to build the
    canal
  • Colombias price was too high
  • so US sends troops to help Panamanians in a
    rebellion for independencesuccessful
  • US pays Panama 10 million for land

9
Roosevelt Corollary
  • Extension of the Monroe Doctrine
  • Latin American countries in debt to European
    countries led to Europe in the Americas
  • Roosevelt told European countries that in the
    event of a conflict America would police the
    problem and restore order
  • Big Deal kept the Europeans out of the Americas
  • Disliked by the Latinosthought they could take
    care of themselves

10
Dollar Diplomacy
  • Tafts plan to deal with Latin America
  • Didnt rely on Big Stick Diplomacy
  • Replace bullets with dollars
  • Wanted America to invest in Latin America, not
    bully it

11
Moral Diplomacy
  • Woodrow Wilson was against imperialism
  • Wilson promised that America would not gain
    another territory through conquest but instead
    would promote humanity and integrity

12
Pancho Villa Raids
  • Wide gap between the rich and the poor in Mexico
    led to the rise of Pancho Villa
  • Pancho Villa enters New Mexico and kills 18
    Americans
  • Wilson abandons his Moral Diplomacy by sending
    General John J. Pershing to capture Pancho
    Villanever captures Pancho VillaWWI distracts US
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