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National Bioethics Commission (KBN) of Indonesia an Introduction

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Title: AGRO-BIOTECHNOLOGY IN THE CONTEXT OF BIOETHICS: ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE Author: QF Last modified by: liannarilli Created Date: 2/21/2006 1:51:37 AM – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: National Bioethics Commission (KBN) of Indonesia an Introduction


1
National Bioethics Commission (KBN) of
Indonesiaan Introduction
Umar Anggara Jenie Immidiate
Past Chairman of KBN
  • First Meeting of The European Commission
    International Dialogueon Bioethics.
  • Brussel, 19th February 2009, Belgium

2
Introduction
  • National Bioethics Commission (Komisi Bioetika
    Nasional, KBN) was established in September
    17,2004 by joint-three Ministerial Decree of
    Ministers of Research and Technology, Health and
    Agriculture.
  • The KBN is aimed to be a place where bioethicists
    could discuss all matters concerning bioethical
    issues and give advise to the Governments and
    society concerning these issues.

3
Joint DecreeMoRT, MoH, and MoANo
108/M/Kp/IX/2004No 1045/Menkes/SKB/IX/2004No
540.1/Kpst/OT.160/9/2004on the establishment of
Komisi Bioetika Nasional
  • Chapter I Verse 2 Duty
  • The duty of the KBN is to carry out
    comprehensive and progressive examination
    relating to bioethical principles, to give advice
    to the Government on bioethical aspects of
    research, development and application of science
    and technology which based on biological
    sciences, and to disseminate bioethics
    comprehensiveness to society at large.

4
STRUCTURAL ORGANIZATION OF KBN
  • Structure Organization of KBN consists of
  • CHAIRMAN
  • (3) VICE CHAIRMAN (Representing from MoRT, MoH
    and MoA)
  • SECRETARY and Secreatraiat
  • MEMBERS
  • There are 32 members of KBN, including Chairman,
    Vice Chairmans, and Secretary. Members of KBN
    representing academicians (including medical
    doctors, molecular biologists, geneticists,
    chemists, biologists, etc), ethicists
    (bioethicists), religious scholars ( from 6
    religions which are recognized by the Government,
    namely Islam, Catholic, Protestant, Buddhism,
    Hindu and Confusianism), businessmen, educators,
    and lawyers.

5
ACTIVITIES OF NATIONAL BIOETHICS COMMISSION(KBN)
  • Three Working-groups set out by KBN
  • Working-group on Stem Cells Research
  • Working-group on Genetics Resources
  • Working-group on Bioethics Education
  • KBN Secretariat
  • Publishing PEWARTA, a short communication letters
    on bioethical information.
  • Translating 3 UNESCO Declarations into Indonesian
    language.
  • Disseminating Bioethics principles through
    cooperation with universities and other concerned
    stakeholders.
  • Producing a booklet on bioethical guidelines for
    concerned stakeholders.

6
Indonesian Standpoints on Some Bioethical Issues
  •  KBN Standpoints on Stem Cells Experiment
  • Life must be respected right from the beginning
    of conception, i.e., since fertilization of
    egg by sperm.
  • Research, development and application of stem
    cells are so importance to be developed in
    Indonesia, including setting up of their policies
    and regulations which derived from universal
    bioethics principles, or at least internationally
    acceptable rules.
  • Therapeutic cloning using non-embryonic stem
    cells is allowed and could be carried out in
    Indonesia by whether domestic or overseas
    researchers, as far as informed consent and best
    clinical practices in accordance with Indonesian
    regulations or laws be fulfilled

7
Indonesian Standpoints on Some Bioethical Issues
  • KBN Standpoints on Genetic Resources
  • Genetic Resources are substances found in every
    living organisms (animals, plants, microbes,
    whether they are terrestrial or marine based).
    They regulate specific nature and mortality of
    these organisms, and can be transmitted to their
    descendants and they are part of the
    biodiversity, known as germplasms
  • Bioethical issues on genetic resources include
    accessibility and utility of the resources,
    traditional knowledge, biodiversity, biosphere
    and environments. Therefore, managing the genetic
    resources of Indonesia has to be based on
    National interests and regulated according to
    National regulations and internationally ratified
    convention or declarations, such as the CBD
    (Convention on Biological Diversity), The Manila
    Declaration Concerning Utilization of Biological
    Resources, and The UNESCO Declarations, such as
    UD-HGHR (1997), the ID-HGD (2003), and UD-BHR
    (2005).

8
Indonesian Standpoints on Some Bioethical Issues
  • KBN Standpoints on Genetic Resources
  • (continued)
  • Advancing and encouraging policy makers,
    researchers, teachers as well as field workers to
    understand comprehensively the bioethics
    principles and genetic resources issues.
  •  

9
Other main activities of KBN
  • KBN has translated UNESCO International/Universal
    Declarations concerning bioethics, into Indonesia
    Language (Bahasa Indonesia). Those Declarations
    are Universal Declaration on Human Genome and
    Human Rights (1997), International Declaration on
    Human genetic Data (2003) and Universal
    Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights (2005).
  • KBN hosted the 9th Asian Bioethics Conference
    (9th ABC) on 3rd -7th November 2008, at
    Yogyakarta, Indonesia. The Theme of the 9th ABC
    was Bioethics in Asia Healthy and Productive
    Life in Harmony with Nature. Around 150-200
    participants attended the Conference.
  •  

10
Other Information on KBN
  • KBN was accepted as a member of the Asian
    Bioethics Association (ABA) on the 6th Asian
    Bioethics Conference (ABC-6) at Sanliurfa,
    Turkey, 2005
  • KBN is a member of Intergovernmental Bioetics
    Committee (IGBC) of UNESCO, from 2007-2011
  • Prof. Sunarto Sastrowiyoto, a member of KBN, is
    appointed as a member of International Bioethics
    Committee (IBC) by DG of UNESCO.
  • KBN is actively involving in bioethical
    discussions at international level, such as (1)
    Biennial UNESCO General Conference, (2) Asian
    Bioethics Conference, (3) ILSIs 1st
    International Conference on Nutrigenomic,
    Opportrunities in Asia, 7-9 December 2005,
    Singapore, (4) Workshop on the Development of
    Biotechnology in Islamic Countries, 19-23 March
    2006, etc.

11
  • Thank you !!
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