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Georgia and World War II

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Georgia and World War II 1939 to 1945 GPS SS8H9a Describe the impact of events leading up to American involvement in WW II; include Lend-Lease and the bombing of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Georgia and World War II


1
Georgia and World War II
  • 1939 to 1945

2
GPS SS8H9a
  • Describe the impact of events leading up to
    American involvement in WW II include Lend-Lease
    and the bombing of Pearl Harbor.

3
War in Europe
  • Roosevelt, while not an isolationist, was
    determined to keep America out of the European
    war
  • March 1938 Hitler takes the Sudetenland of
    Czechoslovakia and later overruns the entire
    country
  • August 1939 Germany and Russia sign
    non-aggression pact Germany attacks Poland,
    making the official beginning of World War II as
    France and Britain were treaty-bound to come to
    the aid of Poland
  • Meanwhile, Hitler and other Nazi were plotting
    out the anti-Semitic, Final Solution. Since
    Hitler believed that the Jews were sub-human
    and created most of the problems of Europe, he
    wanted to exterminate ALL Jews.

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Bombing of Pearl Harbor
  • When Japan invades China and southeast Asia in
    1940, United places embargo on oil and other
    vital materials
  • To both ensure their survival as an island nation
    and success for their plans to conquer all of
    Asia, the needed to cripple the U.S. navy in the
    Pacific. Japan, who was angry over the embargo,
    planned a surprise attack on the base for
    December 7, 1941.
  • While the United States and Japan were having
    peace talks in Washington D. C., the Japanese
    fleet lauches their surprise attack. This action
    unified the country and threw America into World
    War II

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  • SS8H9b
  • Evaluate the importance of Bell Aircraft,
    military bases, the Savannah and Brunswick
    shipyards, Richard Russell, and Carl Vinson.
  • SS8E1
  • The student will give examples of the kinds of
    goods and services produced in Georgia in
    different historical periods.

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Changes due to World War II
  1. Americas depressed" economy mobilizes into a
    war time economy. Materials needed to fight a
    war are produced and unemployment falls to just
    1.
  2. America from then on becomes the top player in
    world affairs (isolationism is a thing of the
    past)
  3. Since women and Black make a major contribution
    to the war effort, both groups demand equality
    soon after the war.
  4. Throughout the country, and especially in
    Georgia, the population shifts from rural to
    urban areas plus Georgia finally modernizes
    (cities, electricity, industries, etc.)

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19
  • Georgias Contribution to WW II (SS8H9b
    and SS8E1)
  • 1. 320,000 Georgians served in the armed
    forces during WW II.
  • 2. Georgias Fort Benning in Columbus
    was the largest infantry training school in the
    world. Other major military bases were Fort
    Gordon in Augusta, and Fort Stewart in Savannah.
  • 3. Hunter Air field in Savannah, Marietta
    Army Airfield in Cobb County, and University of
    Georgia in Athens all took part in training
    combat pilots, while Warner Robbins Air Force
    Base had employees to repair aircraft or trained
    over 60,000 aircraft mechanics to be deployed in
    Europe or in the Pacific.
  • 4. Airmen from Glynco Naval Station near
    Brunswick flew blimps to spot Germen submarines
    off the coast of Georgia.

20
  • 5. Fort McPherson in Atlanta was one of
    the major Induction Centers for newly drafted
    soldiers, and a Military Hospital was opened next
    to it. Fort Gilliam in Clayton County was a major
    military storage facility and train yard.
  • 6. Fort Oglethorpe in Chickamauga trained
    150,000 women in the Womens Army Auxiliary
    Corps (WAAC). They were trained for desk and
    clerical jobs in the military.
  • 7. Overall Georgia had military
    installations that added 25 billion dollars to
    Georgias economy each year.

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8. Bell Aircraft Company in Marietta assembled
B-29 Bombers and was the South largest facility
in the deep. The company employed over 20,000
workers and finished 668 planes. Over 37 of the
work force were women. The city of Marietta grew
from 8, 667 people in 1940 to over 20,000 at the
end of the war.
23
  • 9. The shipyards at Savannah and Brunswick built
    cargo ships which were named Liberty Ships.
    The Savannah shipyard employed 15,000 workers
    (mostly women) and built 88 Liberty ships during
    the war. The Brunswick shipyard employed over
    16,000 men and women, and finished 99 Liberty
    ships.

24
  • 10. The Tuskegee Airmen were groups of pilots who
    were trained in Alabama. Close to 1,000 black
    men flew fighter planes which escorted bombers
    over Nazi Germany. They shot down or damaged
    over 4,000 enemy planes in over 1,500 missions.
    The airmen lost only 98 pilots, and proved to the
    U.S. military that troops should be integrated
    not segregated.

25
  1. What types of descrimination did African American
    soldiers face, even in WWII?
  2. What were some of the accomplishments of black
    soldiers during WW II?
  3. What did it mean when some blacks felt they were
    fighting two wars?

26
11. Most of Georgias economic and military
success during the war can be contributed to two
famous politicians from Georgia. Congressman
Carl Vinson from Baldwin County served over 50
years and was called the father of the two-ocean
navy. Vinson and Senator Richard Russell helped
bring military bases and government contracts to
Georgia.
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