Medieval Times, A.D. 500- A.D. 1450 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Medieval Times, A.D. 500- A.D. 1450

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Medieval Times, A.D. 500- A.D. 1450 Also known as the Middle Ages or the Dark Ages A period of intellectual dormancy (dormant means inactive) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Medieval Times, A.D. 500- A.D. 1450


1
Medieval Times, A.D. 500- A.D. 1450
  • Also known as the Middle Ages or
  • the Dark Ages
  • A period of intellectual dormancy
  • (dormant means inactive)
  • A time when many terrible diseases were running
    rampant
  • Most Western European Countries were under the
    control of the Catholic Church
  • Most stories were passed on by word of mouth
    because very few people could read or write.

2
Countries were ruled by royalty (Kings and/or
Queens) who were believed to have been chosen
by God to lead the people. Therefore
  • The king/queen was always right.
  • Disagreeing with the king/queen was
  • not permitted. (You could be put to death for
    this!)
  • Everyone had to obey the king or queen, no matter
    what. They could even make you marry someone you
    didnt like!

3
The Feudal System was developed..
  • In the feudal system, the king or queen had
    ultimate power and control.
  • Below the king or queen were the nobles or
    wealthier class. People in the wealthy classes
    had titles such as duke (or duchess), marquis
    (marchioness), earl (lady) or count (countess),
    viscount (viscountess), and baron (baroness). As
    a group, the nobles were often referred to as the
    lords and ladies.

4
  • Lords and ladies usually
  • lived in some sort of protected
  • area, such as a fortress or castle.
  • The noble lords were trained as knights from an
    early age. It was their job to protect those who
    lived on their land either by allowing them to
    come inside the castle for protection or by
    leading them in wartimeor both.

5
  • Below the lords and ladies
  • were the merchant class,
  • which included shopkeepers,
  • traders, and skilled craftsmen
  • and women. These people did not have titles, but
    they could own land, build their own homes, and,
    in some instances, become wealthy in their own
    right.

6
  • At the bottom rung of society were the peasants.
    While the peasants made up the largest group of
    people, they had very few rights. Life for a
    peasant was extremely difficult. Most peasants
    were farmers who worked from sun-up to sun-down
    (or even longer) to raise their crops. At
    harvest time, the lord took most of what the
    peasant had raised in taxes. Most years, they
    were lucky to survive.
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