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Do Now:

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do now: do you have a neighbor or neighbors that do not get along? why? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Do Now:


1
Do Now
  • DO YOU HAVE A NEIGHBOR OR NEIGHBORS THAT DO NOT
    GET ALONG? WHY?

2
Do Now
The Smiths-wealthy, own dog, hate Bolsheviks
The Bolsheviks-poor, no dog, hate Smiths
  • Scenario 1
  • The Smiths and Bolsheviks are next door neighbors
    at the end of a cul de sac. They historically
    hate each other. One side of the cul de sac has
    wealthy families including the Smiths. The other
    side is poorer and includes the Bolsheviks. There
    was a crime spree of robberies in the
    neighborhood. To stop the crime, the neighbors do
    work together in a community watch and the Smiths
    purchased a mean, nasty dog to help guard the
    neighborhood. The crime spree ended. The
    Bolsheviks feel the Smiths should get rid of the
    dog. The Smiths want to keep it. The Bolsheviks
    can not afford to get a dog on their own. What
    should be done?

Mean, nasty dog
3
Scenario 2
  • To anger the Smiths, the Bolsheviks and the
    poorer families decide to share money to buy a
    mean, nasty dog for their side of the cul de sac.
    If you are the Smiths and the wealthier families
    what would you do?

4
Scenario 3
  • After the solutions of Scenario 2, what do you
    think the Smiths should do now?
  • How does this relate to events after WWII?

5
Yalta Conference Feb 4-11, 1945
  • Met off of Black Sea in Crimea before end of WWII
    to discuss outcome
  • U.S.A (FDR), Soviet Union (Stalin), Britain
    (Churchill)
  • Soviets wanted buffer zone so dont get invaded
    (Poland)
  • Want to weaken Germany (break into 4 parts)
  • U.S. Britain dont agree (start WWIII) but U.S.
    needs Soviet help with Japan so agree, but
    Soviets have to give new nations free elections

What other agreements were there?
6
Potsdam Conference
  • Provisions
  • Poland
  • Division Germany
  • Reparations
  • Others?
  • Potsdam, Germany
  • Stalin, Attlee (Churchill at start), Truman
  • July 17-Aug 2, 1945

Biggest disagreements? Future of Germany and
Poland!
7
What Provisions Were Not Followed?
8
After WWII
  • The Cold War
  • 1945-1991

9
How is the U.N. organized?
10
The United Nations
  • Conference in San Francisco
  • Formed with 51 countries that tried to prevent
    conflicts
  • Based in N.Y.
  • Five countries led-U.S.A, Britain, France,
    U.S.S.R, China (has veto power)

11
Human Declaration of Rights
  • 1948 by U.N.
  • 1. All people free and equal
  • 2. End to slavery, torture, inhumane punishment
  • 3. Civil Rights-assembly, courts
  • 4. Free elementary education

Committee chaired by Eleanor Roosevelt
12
Fate of Great Britain
  • Had to pay back Lend Lease fall into depression
  • Oust Churchill (blame for depression)
  • P.M. Attlee
  • Capitalist/Socialist
  • Cant afford to keep empire
  • India independence 1947
  • Then Burma, Australia, Canada
  • Does not want atomic bomb

13
Economic Development
  • International Monetary Fund (IMF)
  • General Agreements on Tariffs Trade (GATT)
  • Aid poor countries
  • Money grants and loans to create projects to
    provide jobs
  • Policies for international trade that benefit all
    countries
  • 1948
  • Reduce trade barriers

14
And so it begins
  • Marshall Plan U.S. aid European countries
    economically so they dont fall to communism
    after WWII
  • Truman Doctrine 1947 Truman fears Soviets will
    not live up to their agreements at Potsdam
    Conference and begins policy of containment
  • NSC-68 signed in 1950 by Truman quadrupled the
    amount spent on defense and stated 20 GDP go to
    defense

How do we stop the spread of communism? Pour
billions into weakened European economies!
15
Truman Policies
  • Truman Doctrine economically help struggling
    countries
  • i.e. Greece Turkey
  • So wont fall to communism
  • Marshall Plan Extends Truman Doctrine
  • Sec State Marshall
  • 13.4 billion
  • Mainly G.B., France, Italy

16
Arab-Israeli Conflict
  • U.N. sectioned off to make two countries to
    create a Jewish homeland for refugees from
    Holocaust
  • War 1948
  • Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, Iraq against
    Israel
  • Israel wins
  • 750,000 Palestinians misplaced-still a
    controversy today

17
Fate of Japan
  • Occupied until 1952 (under the 1951 San Francisco
    Peace Treaty)
  • MacArthur in charge
  • Democracy
  • Hirohito emperor if cooperates
  • Tojo executed by hanging 1948
  • Scapegoated?

18
Election of 1948
V.P. Alben Barkley
  • Truman versus Republican N.Y. Governor Thomas
    Dewey
  • Trumans approval rating 36
  • Civil rights policies hurt his approval
  • (In 1948, Executive Order 9981 racially
    desegregated the military)
  • Truman wins surprisingly!

Dewey He had run against F.D.R in 1940 and 1944
19
Fate of U.S.
  • Become world power
  • Have atomic bomb
  • 1952 get hydrogen bomb
  • Capitalist
  • Truman President until 1953
  • Dwight Eisenhower Ike President 1953-1961
  • Everyone Likes Ike!
  • Vice President Richard Nixon

20
Eisenhower Communism
  • Eisenhower Doctrine-
  • 1957, U.S. has right to intervene in the Middle
    East to stop the spread of communism
  • SEATO-Southeast Asia Treaty Organization
  • Australia, Great Britain, France, New Zealand,
    Pakistan, Philippines, Thailand, U.S.
  • Help support a non-communist government in South
    Vietnam

21
Fate of Soviet Union
  • Stalin dies 1953
  • Khrushchev becomes leader
  • Communist
  • Mad we did not tell them we had atomic bomb
    feels they had to fight the eastern front without
    help (most causalities)
  • Does not keep promise from Yalta for free
    elections
  • Get atomic bomb 1949
  • Get Hydrogen bomb 1953

22
Welcome to the
  • Cold War!!!!

23
Nuremberg Trials
  • Nuremberg, Bavaria
  • 1945-1946
  • Originally major war crimes (23 people)
  • Second was judges and doctors

24
Fate of Germany
  • Sectioned into 4 parts
  • East Germany went to U.S.S.R
  • West to France, GB, U.S.A (We eventually combine
    to make West Germany)
  • Split capital of Berlin in Soviet zone as well

25
Berlin Airlift
  • First conflict of Cold War Soviets block supplies
    from coming into Berlin so they would gain
    complete control
  • Many people starving/lack of resources
  • June 1948-May1949
  • US Britain airlift 13,000 tons of supplies
  • Afterward became East Germany West Germany

26
Berlin Wall 1961
  • Built in 1961 under J.F.K
  • Separated East from West Berlin
  • Fell in Nov. 1989
  • Symbol of the Cold War Fall marks the beginning
    of the end of the Cold War
  • http//www.history.com/topics/cold-war/berlin-wall

27
Berlin Wall
  • Fall in 1989
  • In 1960s

Symbol of the Cold War
Symbol of the end of the Cold War
28
Red Scare -Senator Joe McCarthy
  • Vows to rid of spread of communism because he
    has a list of names to get elected
  • HUAC-House Un-American Activities
    Committee-investigated suspected communists
  • Hollywood Ten- accused writers and directors of
    spreading communism through film by hiring
    communist actors
  • Spent a year in jail for refusing to cooperate
    under questioning
  • McCarthyism
  • Impact started a widespread fear of communism

McCarthyism unfairly accusing people of
disloyalty being communist
29
Julius Ethel Rosenberg
  • Accused of selling bomb secrets to Soviets
  • Tried executed 1953
  • Ethel re-executed
  • Targeted because they were Russian immigrants
    (shows shift in discrimination)

30
NATO-North Atlantic Treaty Organization
  • United States
  • Canada
  • United Kingdom
  • France
  • Italy
  • Netherlands
  • Norway
  • Iceland
  • Denmark
  • Belgium
  • Luxemburg
  • Portugal
  • An agreement against an attack from the Soviet
    Union

31
(No Transcript)
32
Warsaw Pact
  • Soviet Union
  • Albania
  • Czechoslovakia
  • Hungary
  • East Germany
  • Poland
  • Romania
  • Bulgaria

33
The Iron Curtain
  • Churchill states An iron curtain has descended
    upon the Continent

34
The Eastern Bloc
  • Satellite Nation appears to be an independent
    nation but really is ruled by another.
  • Soviets had areas around them as satellite
    nations during the Cold War.

35
Yugoslavia
  • Leader Josip Tito
  • Split from Stalin 1948
  • Was an Ally in WWII so independent
  • Communist but not part of Stalins satellite
    nations
  • Yugoslavia divided in 1992 after ethnic wars

36
Communist China
  • China became communist in 1949 after a civil war
  • Overthrow of Nationalist Party led by Chiang
    Kai-shek (ally to U.S.) who flees to Taiwan
  • Mao Zedong (1949-1976) controversial leader
  • China is in transition today

37
The Space Race
  • In 1957 Soviets launch Sputnik
  • First earth orbiting artificial satellite
  • How does the U.S. feel?
  • Technologically inferior
  • Starts Space Race in Cold War
  • Changes U.S. school curriculum

38
Its a Cold War with Hot Zones
  • Conflicts will break out in
  • -Korea
  • -Vietnam
  • -Latin America
  • -The Middle East
  • Why?
  • -Containment US policy to stop the spread of
    Communism
  • -Domino Theory fear that if one country falls to
    communism their neighbor will too

Communism
39
99 Red balloons-1984
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