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European Painting Review

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Title: European Painting Review


1
European Painting Review 40 questions that
will appear in some form on the next
test. Click the forward arrow to advance to the
next slide.
Kalamazoo Valley Community College Humanities
101 Scott Myers
2
1. The Reformation
  • Led to what new branch of Christianity?

3
1. The Reformation
  • Led to what new branch of Christianity?

Protestantism.
4
2. Martin Luther
  • According to him, who was responsible for each
    individual Christians salvation?

5
2. Martin Luther
  • According to him, who was responsible for each
    individual Christians salvation?

Each individual Christian him or herself.
6
3. Art in Northern Europe after the Reformation
  • Rather than religious subjects, artists in
    Northern Europe spent most of their time on these
    four types of paintings.

7
3. Art in Northern Europe after the Reformation
  • Rather than religious subjects, artists in
    Northern Europe spent most of their time on these
    four types of paintings.

Genre painting Landscape Portraits
Still life
8
4. What aspect of the Reformation does this
picture illustrate?
Pieter Saenredam Interior of St. Bavo, Haarlem
(1636)
9
4. What aspect of the Reformation does this
picture illustrate?
Iconoclasm
Pieter Saenredam Interior of St. Bavo, Haarlem
(1636)
10
5. Name the artist and two characteristics of
his work exemplified in these two works.
11
5. Name the artist and two characteristics of
his work exemplified in these two works.
Jan Vermeer.
Extraordinary detail Unique sense of light
Calm interior scenes, often of similar
composition
12
6. The use of light and dark to create
three-dimensional, modeled surfaces is
________________________.
13
6. The use of light and dark to create
three-dimensional, modeled surfaces is
________________________. 7. Dramatic contrasts
of light and dark with little in between is
________________________.
Chiaroscuro.
14
6. The use of light and dark to create
three-dimensional, modeled surfaces is
________________________. 7. Dramatic contrasts
of light and dark with little in between is
________________________.
Chiaroscuro.
Tenebrism.
15
8. Name the artist and two characteristics of
his work exemplified in these two works.
16
8. Name the artist and two characteristics of
his work exemplified in these two works.
Rembrandt van Rijn.
Chiaroscuro Tenebrism Interest in
individual psychology Sophisticated brush
technique
17
9. Johnny Cashs video for the song Hurt could
be compared to still-life painting known as this.
18
9. Johnny Cashs video for the song Hurt could
be compared to still-life painting known as this.
Memento Mori Vanitas
19
10. In a Dutch still-life of the 17th century
like this one, the object circled could be seen
as a symbol of what?
20
10. In a Dutch still-life of the 17th century
like this one, the object circled could be seen
as a symbol of what?
The impermance of the things of this world. The
inevitability of death.
21
11. This painting by Caravaggio is an example of
his emphasis on what?
22
11. This painting by Caravaggio is an example of
his emphasis on what?
Drama
23
12. The model for this painting of the death of
the Virgin Mary was whom?
24
12. The model for this painting of the death of
the Virgin Mary was whom?
A local prostitute.
25
13. Caravaggio used real people and
easily-understood situations in his paintings.
Why?
26
13. Caravaggio used real people and
easily-understood situations in his paintings.
Why?
He wanted them to be accessible to the average
viewer in the local church.
27
14. Which work is by Caravaggio and which by
Artimisa Gentilleschi?
A. B.
28
14. Which work is by Caravaggio and which by
Artimisa Gentilleschi?
Gentileschi Caravaggio
A. B.
29
15. What does the artist do to make the
composition of this work more energetic?
30
15. What does the artist do to make the
composition of this work more energetic?
Swirling lines emphasize movement.
31
16. Below are details from two works by the same
artist. Name the artist and the syndrome
Sister Wendy said he suffers from.
32
16. Below are details from two works by the same
artist. Name the artist and the syndrome
Sister Wendy said he suffers from.
Peter Paul Rubens Fat Lady Syndrome
33
17. Who is this and what is the significance of
his attire?
34
17. Who is this and what is the significance of
his attire?
  • Louis XIV.
  • He dictated style in all aspects of French
    society to suit his tastes.

35
18. Why could Louis XIV get away with this?
36
18. Why could Louis XIV get away with this?
Absolute Monarch.
37
19. What is the significance of this symbol to
Louis XIV?
38
19. What is the significance of this symbol to
Louis XIV?
Louis XIV was known as the Sun King.
39
20. What is this building and what is its
significance to Louis XIV?
40
20. What is this building and what is its
significance to Louis XIV?
  • Palace of Versailles.
  • Built by Louis XIV outside Paris. Moved entire
    court there.

41
21. What is this building and what is its
significance to Louis XIV?
42
21. What is this building and what is its
significance to the man in question 1?
21. What is this building and what is its
significance to Louis XIV?
  • The Louvre, Paris.
  • The museum was the traditional home of French
    monarchs until Louis rejected it in favor of
    Versailles.

43
22. What style of painting is this? How can you
tell?
44
22. What style of painting is this? How can you
tell?
  • Rococo.
  • Elaborate
  • Delicate
  • Frivolous
  • Decorative
  • Erotic
  • Lots of cupids
  • Cute
  • Innocent
  • ?

Boucher The Rape of Europa 1732-34
45
23. One thing Watteaus two versions of this
painting may show is what?
46
23. One thing Watteaus two versions of this
painting may show is what?
In the Rococo period, artists had to respond to
the demands of the market, i.e. their
aristocratic customers.
Watteau The Embarkation for the Island of
Cythera
47
24. What style of painting is this? How can you
tell?
48
24. What style of painting is this? How can you
tell?
  • Neoclassical.
  • Classical architecture
  • Symmetrical composition
  • Statuesque figures
  • Democratic (story from the Roman Republic)

Jacques-Louis David The Oath of the Horatii
49
25. What is this man doing with his right hand
in his vest?
50
25. What is this man doing with his right hand
in his vest?
Nothing. It was a normal portrait pose in the
19th century.
51
26. Jacques-Louis Davids student
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres was also a favorite
painter of Napoleons. Like many of Ingres
clients, Napoleon would have appreciated this...
52
26. Jacques-Louis Davids student
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres was also a favorite
painter of Napoleons. Like many of Ingres
clients, Napoleon would have appreciated this...
Great attention to the details of his clothing.
53
27. What was the artists reason for depicting
this woman the way he does?
54
27. What was the artists reason for depicting
this woman the way he does?
  • Ingres personal taste/response to the subject.
  • Distortion of the body to suit his vision.
  • Interest in exotic lands.

55
28. In addition to paintings like this by Caspar
David Friedrich, this style produced works like
Frankenstein, Dracula, and the stories of Edgar
Allan Poe...
56
28. In addition to paintings like this by Caspar
David Friedrich, this style produced works like
Frankenstein, Dracula, and the stories of Edgar
Allan Poe...
Romanticism
57
29. Whats going on here?
58
29. Whats going on here?
Legendary Assyrian king who decided to have all
his possessions - human, animal, and inanimate -
destroyed and to kill himself rather than allow
his enemies to take them in battle.
Eugene Delacroix The Death of Sardanapalus
59
30. What did the Romantics like about this story?
60
30. What did the Romantics like about this story?
His extreme emotional response to adversity. It
wasnt a good response, but he was fully
committed to it.
Also exotic locale.
61
31. Same thing is going on here
Francisco de Goya The Black Paintings
62
31. Same thing is going on here
  • INTENSE (extreme) FEELING

Francisco de Goya The Black Paintings
63
32. What did Frederic Edwin Church and other
American Romantic landscape painters see in
nature?
64
32. What did Frederic Edwin Church and other
American Romantic landscape painters see in
nature?
God. Divinity. Representation of Gods glory.
65
33. What two characteristics of Romanticism are
in seen in this painting?
Henry Fuseli The Nightmare
66
33. What two characteristics of Romanticism are
in seen in this painting?
  • INDIVIDUALISM (psychology)
  • SUPERNATURAL

Henry Fuseli The Nightmare
67
34. Who are these people and why did Millet
paint them?
68
34. Who are these people and why did Millet
paint them?
  • The Gleaners.
  • Show the people of France how hard it was to be a
    peasant in hopes of improving their lives.

69
35. Why did the French Academies prefer A to B?
A
B
70
35. Why did the French Academies prefer A to B?
A
B
  • Mythological subject.
  • Modeled figures, realistic lighting.
  • Idealized.
  • Modern subject.
  • Flat figures, unrealistic lighting.
  • Not idealized.

71
36. This painting started what movement in
painting?
Eduard Manet - Déjeuner sur lherbe
72
36. This painting started what movement in
painting?
Impressionism
Eduard Manet - Déjeuner sur lherbe
73
37. How did the Impressionists interest in
Manets new approach to painting change the
history of art?
74
37. How did the Impressionists interest in
Manets new approach to painting change the
history of art?
  • Took less time to paint.
  • More work to sell.
  • Lower prices.
  • More customers.
  • Possible to make a living as artist, independent
    of the academic authorities.

75
38. This painting gave what movement its name?
Claude Monet Impression, Sunrise
76
38. This painting gave what movement its name?
77
39. Because artists combined an emphasis on a
personal interpretation with bright color,
Post-Impressionism could be seen as a combination
of these two styles that originated earlier.
78
39. Because artists combined an emphasis on a
personal interpretation with bright color,
Post-Impressionism could be seen as a combination
of these two styles that originated earlier.
Romanticism Impressionism
79
40. These two paintings by van Gogh show...
80
40. These two paintings by van Gogh show...
  • The importance of the time van Gogh and Gauguin
    lived together in Arles, in the south of France.
  • How van Gogh saw Gauguin as a leader and an
    inspiration.
  • They reflect van Goghs simplified approach to
    color compared to Gauguins
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