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Litter and Waste Minimisation in Schools

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Keep Wales Tidy Campaign Waste Awareness Wales www.eco-schools.org.uk www.wasteawarenesswales.org.uk – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Litter and Waste Minimisation in Schools


1
  • Litter and Waste Minimisation in Schools
  • Keep Wales Tidy Campaign
  • Waste Awareness Wales
  • www.eco-schools.org.uk
  • www.wasteawarenesswales.org.uk

2
Litter - Facts and figures
  • Litter has many forms
  • Affects the environmental quality of an area
  • Definition of Litter
  • waste in the wrong place
  • always caused by people
  • 90 concerned about littered pavements
  • 350,000,000 spent annually on street cleansing
    by local authorities

3
Litter and the Law
  • Criminal offence (1990 Act)
  • Maximum 2,500 fine
  • Schools and colleges responsible
  • Standards and timescales
  • Fly-tipping carries a maximum fine of 20,000.

4
Pro-Active Approach
  • Tackling Litter should not be a punishment!
  • Preaching tends to be counter-productive!
  • Litter How much can be recycled?
  • Waste Prevention Did we really need that
    packaging?

Four Stages to reduce litter permanently a)
analyse the problem b) devise an action plan c)
monitor success d) maintenance of action
5
You are not alone!
  • Personal Social Education curriculum 2000
  • ESTYN inspection guidelines for ESD (Education
    for Sustainable Development)
  • Welsh Assembly Government ESD case studies
    booklet
  • Waste Awareness Wales
  • Healthy Schools Promotion
  • Local Authority Strategies
  • Sustainability Strategies
  • ISO 14001
  • LBAPs (Local Biodiversity Action Plans)

6
Litter Strategies Project 1. Litter Surveys
Paper plastic hazardous glass
7
Points to consider
  • Responsibility for survey, timing
  • Sorting, weighing, identification of litterer
  • Analysis - spreadsheets, graphs, publication
  • Questionnaire - pupils/homes/local community
  • Lunchtime survey - compare with other times

8
Integrate with curriculum requirements
  • Using maps, plans co-ordinates, symbols and keys
  • Identifying features of the local area
  • Describing the uses of land and buildings
  • Understanding how people affect the environment
  • Planning and carrying out investigations
  • Measuring and quantifying
  • Handling numbers, converting to graphical forms
  • Using spreadsheets
  • Working co-operatively

9
Project 2. Investigations
  • Dangerous Litter
  • creative writing
  • poster design
  • dramatisation
  • strip cartoons
  • Dog Fouling
  • planning, implementing and evaluating a
    campaign
  • leaflet design, typography
  • lifecycle of an (infectious) organism

10
Project 3. Environmental Quality Survey
  • Explore the area
  • Discuss contributing factors
  • How to measure the chosen factors - sampling?
  • Prepare survey sheets
  • Gather equipment/carry out survey
  • Discuss results and methodology
  • Possibly draw up litter and waste policy

11
Project 4 Get The Message Across!
  • Hold a themed week or topic on Litter
  • Write environmental poetry
  • Compose and perform a litter rap
  • Pupils write an article in the Schools
    newsletter or do a radio interview
  • Promote positive incentives e.g. merit points
    or cash for ideas to solve litter problems.
    Use assemblies for this.

12
Project 5 Packaging
  • Survey packaging of a selection of commodities
  • Consider how much can be recycled/reused
  • Consider design and function issues with
    Eco-friendliness of the packaging.
  • Set up a design and build task e.g. an
  • eco-friendly container for a drink, an egg
    etc.

13
Waste Background Information
  • Homes generate approx. 27m tonnes p.a.
  • About 85 is landfilled
  • New regulations for landfill management
  • higher costs
  • alternatives more attractive
  • pros and cons of incineration
  • BATNEEC option

14
In Wales, every 90 minutes, we all produce enough
waste to fill the local swimming pool and its
getting worse!
15
Waste Strategies Project 1. Investigate local
waste disposal
  • Contact council for details of collection, number
    of refuse lorries, destination(s)
  • Lifespan of landfill - future plans
  • Calculate savings - waste per household
    collection routes extended fewer vehicle trips
    to site
  • Visit to household recycling site
  • Visit by refuse collection/recycling vehicle

16
Project 2. Refuse Audit in School (Should not
involve handling the rubbish)
  • Look into bins, ask caretaker, secretary, support
    staff
  • List common waste items
  • Discuss possibilities for reduction
  • composting
  • solar-powered calculators
  • re-chargeable batteries
  • refurbish or replace? (furniture, books etc)
  • indirect waste (lights, doors, taps etc)
  • make jotters from used paper
  • smart buying less packaging

17
Project 3. Crafts from Waste
  • Rag rugs
  • Papier mache
  • Paper making project
  • Plastic reuse - propagators, storage, jewellery,
    bird-scarers, etc.
  • Metal sculpture, other artwork
  • Making musical instruments from waste

18
Project 4. Can Recycling
  • ALUPRO (Aluminium Packaging Recycling
    Organisation)
  • Tel 0845 722 7722
  • SCRIB (Steel Can Recycling Industries Bureau)
  • Tel 01639 872626
  • consider establishing a can recycling scheme
  • design/make a can crusher
  • storage issues
  • consider alternative drinks packaging
  • glass, plastic, waxed card, foil
  • invent own package and design the name and logo
  • campaign for reusable plastic cups

19
Project 5. Paper Recycling
  • Contact your Waste Minimisation Officer for
    details of local schemes.
  • Establish paper reuse trays and recycling boxes
    throughout the school.
  • Find out who will collect the boxes and how
    often.
  • Is there a storage problem?
  • Count or weigh the amount you recycle

20
Project 6. Practice the 3 Rs Develop a school
waste minimisation policy
  • Contribute to the National Waste Minimisation
    Strategy
  • Raise awareness of schools contribution to
    landfill
  • Appreciate financial and environmental benefits
    of waste minimisation and recycling
  • Work with the local community
  • Use Scrap Stores
  • Buy Recycled where possible

21
Some Possible Actions for your School
  • Consider electronic storage of files
  • Purchasing review - paper, lights, cleaning
    materials, hand dryers, water savers, etc
  • Campaign to reduce lunch packaging
  • Reuse containers for storage
  • Composting (especially fruit peel, garden waste)
  • Set up a recycling bank
  • Toy library
  • Photocopier training
  • Join the Eco-Schools Programme

22
  • Cwtogi ar Sbwriel a
  • Gwastraff yn yr Ysgolion
  • Ymgyrch Cadwch Gymrun Daclus
  • Cynllun Craff am Wastraff
  • www.eco-schools.org.uk
  • www.wasteawarenesswales.org.uk

23
Sbwriel - Rhai manylion
  • Mae sawl math o sbwriel
  • Effaith ar ansawdd amgylchedd yr ardal
  • Diffiniad o sbwriel
  • 'gwastraff yn y lle anghywir'
  • 'pobl sy'n lluchio sbwriel bob amser'
  • 90 yn poeni am sbwriel ar y palmant
  • Awdurdodau lleol yn gwario 350,000,000 ar lanhau
    strydoedd bob blwyddyn

24
Lluchio sbwriel a'r gyfraith
  • Trosedd (Deddf 1990)
  • Dirwy fwyaf - 2,500
  • Cyfrifoldeb ar ysgolion a cholegau
  • Safonau ac amserlenni
  • Dirwy fwyaf am adael sbwriel heb ganiatâd -
    20,000.

25
Dull rhagweithredol
  • Dylai mynd i'r afael â sbwriel ddim bod yn gosb!
  • Mae pregethu'n tueddu i fod yn wrthgynhyrchiol!
  • Sbwriel Faint mae modd ei ailgylchu?
  • Atal gwastraff Oedd gwir angen y pecynnau yna
    arnon ni?

Pedwar cam at gael gwared ar sbwriel a)
dadansoddi'r broblem b) paratoi cynllun
gweithredu c) cadw llygad ar y llwyddiant d)
cynnal y gweithredu
26
Dydych chi ddim ar eich pen eich hun!
  • Cwrícwlwm Addysg Bersonol a Chymdeithasol 2000
  • Canllawiau arolygu ESTYN ym maes Addysg ar gyfer
    Datblygu Cynaladwy
  • Llyfryn Llywodraeth y Cynulliad am achosion
    penodol ym maes Addysg ar gyfer Datblygu
    Cynaladwy
  • Cynllun Craff am Wastraff
  • Menter yr Ysgolion Iach
  • Strategaethau'r awdurdodau lleol
  • Strategaethau datblygu cynaladwy
  • ISO 14001
  • Cynlluniau gweithredu lleol ar gyfer bioamrywiaeth

27
Strategaethau atal sbwriel Prosiect 1.
Arolygon o sbwriel
Papur plastig peryglus gwydr
28
Pethau i'w hystyried
  • Cyfrifoldeb am yr arolwg - pryd i'w gynnal
  • Didoli a phwyso, nodi'r rhai sy'n lluchio
  • Dadansoddi - taenlenni, graffau, cyhoeddi
  • Holiadur - disgyblion/cartrefi/y gymuned
  • Arolwg amser cinio - cymharu ag adegau eraill

29
Cyfuno â gofynion y cwrícwlwm
  • Defnyddio mapiau, cyfesurynnau, sumbolau ac
    eglurhadau
  • Adnabod nodweddion yr ardal
  • Disgrifio sut mae'r tir a'r adeiladau'n cael eu
    defnyddio
  • Deall sut mae pobl yn effeithio ar yr amgylchedd
  • Trefnu a chynnal ymchwiliadau
  • Mesur a meintioli
  • Trin a thrafod rhifau a'u dangos mewn graffau
  • Defnyddio taenlenni
  • Gweithio ar y cyd

30
Prosiect 2. Ymchwilio
  • Sbwriel peryglus
  • ysgrifennu creadigol
  • llunio posteri
  • dramâu
  • cartwnau
  • Baw cwn
  • trefnu, cynnal a gwerthuso ymgyrch
  • llunio taflenni, argraffwaith
  • cylch bywyd bod byw (heintus)

31
Prosiect 3. Arolwg o ansawdd yr amgylchedd
  • Dod i adnabod yr ardal.
  • Trafod yr elfennau perthnasol.
  • Sut mae mesur yr elfennau hynny - samplu?
  • Paratoi taflenni'r arolwg.
  • Casglu'r offer a chynnal yr arolwg.
  • Trafod y canlyniadau a'r dulliau.
  • O bosibl, llunio polisi sbwriel a gwastraff.

32
Prosiect 4 Cyfleu'r neges!
  • Cynnal wythnos ac iddi sbwriel yn thema.
  • Barddoni am yr amgylchedd.
  • Llunio a pherfformio 'rap' am sbwriel.
  • Ysgrifennu darn ar gyfer cylchlythyr yr ysgol
  • neu roi cyfweliad ar y radio.
  • Hyrwyddo anogaeth gadarnhaol megis pwyntiau
  • teilyngdod neu arian am syniadau i
    ddatrys
  • problemau sbwriel. Mae'n bosibl gwneud
    hyn
  • yn ystod y cyfarfod boreol.

33
Prosiect 5 Pecynnau
  • Arolwg o becynnau amryw nwyddau.
  • Ystyried faint y gellir ei ailgylchu/ailddefnyddio
  • Ystyried gwedd a diben y pecynnau ynghyd â'r
    ffordd maen nhw'n effeithio ar yr amgylchedd.
  • Gosod gorchwyl 'dylunio a gwneud' e.e. pecyn
    addas ar gyfer diod, wyau ac ati.

34
Gwastraff Gwybodaeth gyffredinol
  • Mae cartrefi'n creu tua 27 miliwn o dunelli bob
    blwyddyn
  • Mae tua 85 yn cael ei gladdu
  • Rheoliadau newydd ar gyfer tomenni
  • costau mwy
  • dulliau amgen
  • manteision ac anfanteision llosgi
  • Dewis BATNEEC

35
Yng Nghymru, rydyn ni'n creu digon o wastraff bob
awr a hanner i lenwi'r pwll nofio lleol - ac mae
pethau'n mynd o ddrwg i waeth!
36
Strategaethau gwastraff Prosiect 1. Dulliau
lleol o gael gwared ar wastraff
  • Cysylltu â'r cyngor i gael manylion y trefniadau
    casglu, nifer y cerbydau a'r teithiau ac ati.
  • Hyd oes safle claddu - cynlluniau ar gyfer y
    dyfodol
  • Pennu'r arbedion - gwastraff pob cartref
    teithiau hwy i ddibenion casglu llai o
    gerbydau'n teithio i'r domen.
  • Ymweld â safle amwynderau.
  • Ymweliad cerbyd casglu/ailgylchu sbwriel â'r
    ysgol.

37
Prosiect 2. Archwilio sbwriel yr ysgol (Ddylech
chi ddim trafod y sbwriel â'ch dwylo)
  • Edrych yn y biniau, gofyn i'r gofalwyr, yr
    ysgrifenyddes a'r staff cymorth.
  • Rhestru'r pethau mwyaf cyffredin ymysg y sbwriel.
  • Trafod y posibiliadau ynghylch cwtogi arno
  • gwrteithio
  • cyfrifianellau ynni'r haul
  • batrïau mae modd eu hailwefru
  • adnewyddu neu newydd sbon? (celfi, llyfrau ac
    ati)
  • gwastraff anunion (goleuadau, drysau, tapiau ac
    ati)
  • defnyddio hen bapur i godi nodiadau
  • prynu craff llai o becynnau

38
Prosiect 3. Creu pethau o sbwriel
  • Matiau carpiau.
  • Mwydion papur.
  • Prosiect gwneud papur.
  • Ailddefnyddio plastig - fframiau prifiant,
    blychau cadw, gemwaith, bwganod brain ac ati.
  • Cerfluniau metel, celfweithiau eraill.
  • Gwneud offerynnau cerdd o sbwriel.

39
Prosiect 4. Ailgylchu tuniau
  • ALUPRO (Aluminium Packaging Recycling
    Organisation)
  • Ffôn 0845 722 7722
  • SCRIB (Steel Can Recycling Industries Bureau)
    Ffôn 01639 872626
  • ystyried sefydlu cynllun ailgylchu tuniau
  • llunio/gwneud teclyn gwasgu tuniau
  • materion cadw
  • ystyried pecynnau amgen ar gyfer diodydd
  • gwydr, plastig, cardbord wedi'i gwyro, papur
    arian
  • dyfeisio'ch pecyn eich hun a llunio'r enw a'r
    arwyddlun
  • ymgyrch ailddefnyddio cwpanau plastig

40
Prosiect 5. Ailgylchu papur
  • Gofyn i swyddog arbed gwastraff eich bro am
    fanylion y cynlluniau lleol.
  • Sefydlu blychau ailddefnyddio ac ailgylchu papur
    ledled yr ysgol.
  • Pennu pwy fydd yn casglu'r blychau a pha mor aml.
  • Oes problem ynglyn â chadw'r papur?
  • Cyfrif neu bwyso faint rydych chi'n ei ailgylchu

41
Prosiect 6. Rhoi'r 3 A ar waith Paratoi polisi
arbed gwastraff i'r ysgol
  • Cyfrannu i Strategaeth Genedlaethol Arbed
    Gwastraff.
  • Codi ymwybyddiaeth o faint mae'r ysgol yn ei
    anfon i domenni sbwriel.
  • Gwerthfawrogi'r manteision ariannol ac
    amgylcheddol o arbed ac ailgylchu gwastraff.
  • Cydweithio â thrigolion y fro.
  • Defnyddio Stondinau Sgrap.
  • Prynu nwyddau eildro lle bo'n bosibl.

42
Rhai camau posibl yn eich ysgol
  • Ystyried cadw ffeiliau ar ffurf electronig.
  • Adolygu arferion prynu - papur, goleuadau,
    deunyddiau glanhau, peiriannau sychu dwylo/arbed
    dwr ac ati.
  • Ymgyrch i gwtogi ar ciniawau pecyn.
  • Ailddefnyddio pecynnau i ddibenion cadw.
  • Gwrteithio (yn arbennig croen ffrwythau a sbwriel
    yr ardd).
  • Sefydlu man ailgylchu.
  • Llyfrgell deganau.
  • Hyfforddiant ynghylch llungopïo.
  • Ymuno â Rhaglen yr Eco-Sgolion.
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