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Colonial Era Power Point review

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Colonial Era Power Point review By Miss D – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Colonial Era Power Point review


1
Colonial Era Power Point review
  • By Miss D

2
The immigrants from England who were blown off
course by a storm and landed in Cape Cod were
called the
  • Pilgrims

3
The Colony established by Roger Williams and a
woman for reasons of religious freedom was
  • Rhode Island

4
The man who saved Jamestown from extinction by
saying only those who worked could eat was
  • John Smith

5
The theory that if a countrys wealth increased,
all other countrys wealth decreased was called
  • Mercantilism

6
The war between the Native Americans and the
Puritans was called
  • King Philips War

7
The portion of the triangular trade that brought
slaves to the New World was called the
  • Middle Passage

8
New York
  1. The English take the city of New Amsterdam away
    from the Dutch and call it New York city
  2. Bread basket of the colonies along with
    Philadelphia

9
The Puritans established the
  • Massachusetts Bay Colony

10
The English seized the island at the base of the
Hudson Rivers mouth and called it
  • New
  • York
  • city

11
Indian tribal chief who gave the Jamestown
colonists food and helped them survive was called
  • Powhatan

12
Why were the Puritans called Dissenters?
  • Because they disagreed or dissented with the
    Church of England and wanted to change or purify
    its worship practices

13
The breadbasket of the colonies
  • New York and Philadelphia

14
Montesquieu and Locke
  • Two Enlightenment philosophers who greatly
    influenced the colonists and especially Thomas
    Jefferson in writing the Declaration of
    Independence and the Constitution

15
Jonathan Edwards and George Whitefield
  • Two men who preached a religious revival across
    the colonies that changed the Puritan face of the
    New England colonies and started the movement
    towards freedom from Britain
  • Called the Great Awakening

16
The Americas, Africa, England
  • The trading points of the triangular trade

Europe
The Colonies
Africa
17
Proprietary Colony
  • Georgia
  • Delaware

18
Royal colony
  • Massachusetts Bay Colony
  • Jamestown

19
Joint stock company
  • Economic tool just like stocks on Wall Street
  • Used by Virginia Company to raise money by
    selling shares to fund the journey to Virginia

20
Tobacco
  • The crop that saved Jamestown from starvation and
    extinction when they could
  • not find gold

21
first elected legislative assembly in the New
World
  • House of Burgesses

22
Religious colonies
  • Massachusetts Bay Colony
  • Plymouth
  • Maryland

23
House of Burgesses
  • Located in Virginia

24
Middle Passage
  • The middle portion or passage of the triangular
    trade that carried slaves from Africa to the New
    World

25
Peter Stuyvesant
  • Cranky, Stubborn last Dutch governor of New
    Netherlands who found he was going to be fighting
    the English almost single handed so he
    surrendered New Amsterdam to them without a fight
    and they changed the name to New York and
    everyone ate donuts and was happy

26
New Amsterdam
  • Name for the Dutch city at base of Hudson river .
    Later English take it without a fight and called
    it New York city.

27
first permanent English settlement in the New
World
  • Jamestown

28
Mercantilism
  • Countries wealth is measured in gold and silver
  • Country with the most gold and silver is the
    richest
  • Colonies are the way to increase wealth
  • Use colonies resources to increase mother
    countrys wealth

29
Buffer colony
  • Georgia
  • buffer or bumper between South Carolinas great
    port of Charleston and Spanish Floridas pirates
    and raiders

30
Nathaniel Bacon
  • He led a group of indentured servants against the
    Indians and took away their land for themselves
    but then he got greedy and tried to take away the
    plantation owners lands in Jamestown
  • His bacon was fried after he led an unsuccessful
    revolt against Jamestowns landowners
  • Did burn some of Jamestown down ( can you smell
    that bacon burning?)
  • After Bacons rebellion, Jamestown colonists
    began to buy slaves. No more indentured servants

31
Mayflower compact established what?
  • Pilgrims made it on the Mayflower ship
  • Beginning of rule or laws made by the governed
    which is the beginning of representative
    government

32
Why did the English colonists begin to use slaves
  • Bacons rebellion scared them against indentured
    servants
  • Slaves never get their freedom like indentured
    servants and so believed less likely to revolt


33
Two founders of Rhode Island?
  • Roger Williams
  • Anne Hutchinson

34
John Cabot
  • Explorer working for England who explored Canada,
    the Northwest passage and Chesapeake Bay
  • Gave England their first claim to North America

35
Vespucci
  • Gave his name to America (Amerigo)

36
The Holy Experiment
  • Philadelphia founded, by William Penn, the
    Quaker, on principle of brotherly love

37
group that settled Maryland to escape religious
persecution
  • English Roman Catholics

38
Group settled Pennsylvania
  • Quakers

39
Dutch colony in North America
  • New Netherlands

40
Resources
  • What colonies send to the mother country so she
    can use them to increase her wealth of gold and
    silver by selling them to others or making items
    with them that she can sell for gold and silver
  • Part of the theory of mercantilism
  • Example-timber from New England to make ships in
    Britain

41
John Locke
  • Enlightenment philosopher that influenced the
    colonists and especially Thomas Jefferson by
    saying that people had a right to revolt if they
    were being abused by their mother country
  • Rights to life, liberty and property

42
Three ways that representative democracy grew in
colonies
  • Mayflower compact
  • House of Burgesses
  • Town meetings

43
Three steps toward democracy in colonies
  • House of Burgesses
  • Town meetings
  • Mayflower compact

44
Who limited colonies trade with other nations
and why?
  • The mother country because she wanted all the
    colonies riches for herself.
  • Mercantilism said that there was only so much
    wealth in the world and a country had to keep as
    much of it ,as it could, to itself

45
Great Awakening
  • Great religious revival that changed the
    religious face of the colonies with its emphasis
    on freedom and free will
  • Led by Jonathan Edwards and George Whitefield

46
Where did the Puritans settle
  • New England

47
Colony Built on Smoke
  • Jamestown

48
Ben Franklin
  • Symbol of the ideal colonist
  • Symbol of American ingenuity and social mobility
  • Scientist, inventor, printer, politician,
    printer, diplomat, writer,
  • Invented bifocals, lightening rod, swim fins
  • One of the main leaders of the American
    Revolution

49
Who had more peaceful relations with Native
Americans and why
  • Quebec and fur trade
  • Philadelphia and concept of brotherly love

50
Joint stock company
  • How the colony at Jamestown was funded
  • Virginia Company

51
Florida
  • Ponce de Leon explored and claimed for Spain
  • Not part of the 13 colonies

52
symbol of social mobility and individualism
  • Ben
  • Franklin

53
Colony originally based on search for gold
  • Jamestown

54
In what year was Jamestown settled
  • 1607

55
What year did the Pilgrims land in Cape Cod?
  • 1620

56
Magellan
  • Magellan and his men are the first to circumvent
    or sail around the world

57
William Penn
  • Quaker who founded Philadelphia that later
    becomes the state of Pennsylvania

58
Quakers
  • Religious group that does not believe in war or
    slavery
  • Their leader in America, William Penn, founds the
    colony of Philadelphia.
  • Penn calls his colony
  • the Holy Experiment

59
Philadelphia
  • City of brotherly love

60
New Amsterdam
  • City established by the Dutch colony of New
    Netherlands on an island at the mouth of the
    Hudson river
  • Later called Manhattan or New York city

61
New Netherlands
  • Dutch colony in North America

62
  • Know the Locations of Jamestown,
  • New Amsterdam, Massachusetts Bay Colony,
    Plymouth, New York city, Philadelphia,
  • Rhode Island and Savannah on the 13 colonies
    map

63
Separatists
  • The Pilgrims who wanted to separate from the
    Church of England and make their own church

64
Town meetings in New England are one of the steps
towards what?
  • Representative Government and democracy.
  • Rule by the people

65
First British colony that fails because it
disappeared without a trace
66
19 hung before it was over
  • Salem Witch trials

67
Main export of Quebec
  • Fur

68
Main exports of New England
  • Rum
  • Timber/lumber
  • Fish
  • Manufacturing

69
Main exports of Southern colonies
  • Cotton
  • Tobacco
  • Agricultural products

70
Slave class
  • Develops in Southern colonies

71
Loss of charter for Massachusetts
  • Puritans lose charter (license from the King) to
    govern that was based on the Puritan religion in
    1684 and included all men
  • Instead the Massachusetts colony became a royal
    colony where some colonists participated in
    governing the colony but not in town meetings
    which were outlawed. Instead a royal governor
    ruled with help from richer colonists.
  • Loss of town meetings really ticked off the
    colonists
  • Royal Governor Andros the cross dresser, also
    made them pretty hot

72
Examples of religious tension in New England
colonies
  • People exiled like Roger Williams and Anne
    Hutchinson
  • Salem With trials
  • Half way covenant

73
Terms to know better
  • House of Burgesses
  • Joint Stock Company
  • Tobacco
  • Maryland
  • New Netherlands
  • Representative government

74
The End
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