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Revolutions in the Arts

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Title: Revolutions in the Arts Author: Bobbocrates Last modified by: Bobbocrates Created Date: 12/8/2007 4:48:39 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Revolutions in the Arts


1
Revolutions in the Arts
  • Ch.8 Sec.4

2
Romanticism
  • Movement that reflected deep interest both in
    nature and in the thoughts and feelings of the
    individual.
  • Enlightenment idea of reason gave way to this
    movement in art and ideas.

3
Characteristics
  • Emphasized inner feelings, emotions, and
    imagination
  • Focused on mysterious, supernatural, exotic,
    grotesque, or horrifying
  • Idealized the past as simpler and nobler time
  • Glorified heroes and heroic actions
  • Cherished folk traditions, music, and stories
  • Valued common people and the individual
  • Promoted radical change and democracy

4
Romanticism Expressions
  • Poetry- to romantics poetry was the highest form
    of expression
  • Writing- novels, fairytales, and gothic novels
  • Music- emotion dominated the music produced by
    romantic composers.
  • Paintings- depicted romanticism ideas

5
Poetry
  • British poets William Wordsworth and Samuel
    Taylor Coleridge honored nature as the source of
    truth and beauty
  • Lord Byron and Percy Bysshe Shelley wrote poems
    celebrating heroes, love, and the beauty of
    nature.
  • She walks in beauty, like the night
  • Of cloudless climes and starry skies
  • And all that's best of dark and bright
  • Meet in her aspect and her eyes
  • Thus mellow'd to that tender light
  • Which heaven to gaudy day denies.
  • -Lord Byron (1788-1824)

6
Writing- Romantics
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
  • Wrote The Sorrows of Young Werther that detailed
    a mans hopeless love for a married woman that
    leads him to suicide.
  • Victor Hugo-
  • Wrote romantic works that reflected fascination
    with history and the individual.
  • Hunchback of Notre Dame- shows the struggles of
    individuals against a hostile and oppressive
    society

7
Writing Fairytales
  • Jakob and Wilhelm Grimm- inspired by romanticism,
    they collected German fairytales and created a
    dictionary.
  • Fairytales were not suitable for children, but
    have been changed over the years
  • Little Red Riding Hood
  • Hansel and Gretel

8
Writing- Gothic Novels
  • Gothic horror stories that took place in medieval
    Gothic castles.
  • Filled with fearful, violent, and supernatural
    events
  • Mary Shelley wrote one of the earliest and most
    successful gothic horror stories......Frankenstein
    !

9
Music
  • Composers moved away from the tightly controlled,
    formal compositions of the Enlightenment period.
  • They celebrated heroism and national pride as
    music became part of middle-class life
  • Guiseppe Verdi and Richard Wagner brought
    European opera to a dramatic and theatrical high
    point.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven
  • Went from classical to romantic compositions
  • Ninth Symphony soars, celebrating freedom,
    dignity, and the triumph of the human spirit.

10
Paintings
  • In their eagerness to explore emotion, romantic
    artists had certain favorite subjects nature,
    love, religion, and nationalism
  • Eugene Delacroix

11
Realism
  • Mid 19th century was affected by rapid
    industrialization.
  • Growing class of industrial workers lived grim
    lives in dirty, crowded cities.
  • Industrialization made romantic dreams pointless.
  • In literature and visual arts, realism showed
    life as it was, not as it should be.

12
Realism- Photography
  • Technological advancements allowed for mass
    distribution of photos that gained a wide
    audience.

13
Realism-Writing
  • Depicted actual events in life that would allow
    more details to be revealed.
  • Charles Dickens
  • Described Londons working poor.
  • Emile Zola
  • Novels exposed miseries of French workers in
    small shops, factories, and coal mines.
  • Shock readers and sparked reforms of labor laws
    in France

14
Realism-Paintings
  • Painters portrayed everyday life as it was
  • Gustave Courbet
  • The Stone Breakers

15
Impressionism
  • Beginning in the 1860s, painters in Paris reacted
    to the realist style.
  • Tried to show their impression of a subject or
    moment in time.
  • Used pure, shimmering colors to capture a moment
    seen at a glance.

16
Impressionism-Paintings
  • Showed a more positive view of urban society
  • Instead of abused workers, they showed shop
    clerks and dock workers enjoying themselves
  • Claude Monet

17
Impressionism-Music
  • Composers used different combinations of
    instruments, tone patterns, and music structures
    to make listens feel the mood.
  • Ex feel a warm summer day, or the sight of the
    sea
  • Composers- Maurice Ravel and Claude Debussy
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