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Neolithic Revolution and River Valley Civilizations Chapter 1 Section 2 and 3 pgs 12-21 Chapters 2 and 3 pgs 24-77

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Neolithic Revolution and River Valley Civilizations Chapter 1 Section 2 and 3 pgs 12-21 Chapters 2 and 3 pgs 24-77 Essential Questions: What was the Neolithic Revolution? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Neolithic Revolution and River Valley Civilizations Chapter 1 Section 2 and 3 pgs 12-21 Chapters 2 and 3 pgs 24-77


1
Neolithic Revolution andRiver Valley
CivilizationsChapter 1 Section 2 and 3 pgs
12-21Chapters 2 and 3 pgs 24-77
  • Essential Questions
  • What was the Neolithic Revolution?
  • What factors led to the rise of the 1st
    civilizations?
  • What were the accomplishments of the early river
    valley civilizations?
  • How did early civilizations benefit from the
    river valley locations?
  • How were river valley civilization similar and
    different?
  • Why is there religion?

2
Artifact?
Find a picture of an ancient Greek Vase
3
Artifact? (Preview)
  • In groups of 4, each group will be given an
    artifact. The artifact will be an everyday
    item, but you will not have any knowledge of the
    writing or the numbers.
  • In your notebook you will write a description of
    it. This description will help you make
    inferences or logical guesses about the
    artifact
  • Then write down what your group thinks your
    artifact is.

4
What is Periodization?
  • Each period is defined by three conditions
  • A geographical component
  • When civilization contracts, shrinks
  • When civilization spreads from smaller to wider
    area
  • Increase, decrease in contacts across regions
  • Emergence of parallel developments across globe
  • Dates not best way to define a period
  • Period may occur
  • At different time
  • In different regions

5
Periodization
Time Period Date of Time Period
Foundations Era Development of River Valley Civilizations 8000 BCE-500 BCE
Classical Era 500 BCE 600 CE
Post-Classical Era 600 1450
Connecting East West 1450 - 1750
Age of Revolution Era 1750 - 1914
Modern Era 20th Century to the Present 1914 to present
6
Culture/Civilization
  • Culture refers to a peoples way of life.
    Including language, clothing, homes, family
    structure, and government systems. It also
    includes crafts, arts, music, and religious
    beliefs.
  • Civilizations advanced form of society in which
    some people live in the cities, have complex
    institutions, use some form of writing, and are
    skilled in science and technology.
  • Characteristics
  • River Valley mild climate and waterways

7
Early Society
  • Hunter-Gatherers
  • Neolithic Revolution peoples saw they could
    obtain food by planting seeds.
  • Food Surpluses
  • Domestication of animals
  • Settlements
  • Social Classes Emerged Warriors, Priests,
    Farmers, Craftspeople, etc.

8
Neolithic Revolution Web Diagram
Show effects of the development of agriculture
More food Available
Rise of population
More cultural developments
Development of Agriculture
New farming tools
More stable communities
Emergence of farming villages
9
How to look at a Quote or a Document
  • Who is the author?
  • Who is the audience?
  • What is the time period?
  • What are the words you do not understand? And
    what do those words mean?
  • Summarize or put into your own words what the
    quote or document is saying.
  • Each person in the group will answer one of these
    questions.

10
Hammurabis Code
  • 195. If a son strike his father, his hand shall
    be hewn off.
  • If a (noble) man put the eye of another man,
    his eye shall be put out.
  • If he break another (noble) mans bone, his
    bone shall be broken.
  • If he put the eye of a (commoner) freed man,
    or break the bone of a freed man, he shall pay
    one gold mina.
  • If he put out the eye of a mans slave, or
    break the bone of a mans slaves, he shall pay
    one-half of it value.
  • If a (noble) man knock out the teeth of his
    equal, his teeth shall be knocked out.

11
Question for Hammurabis Code
  • Write the question and then answer the following
    question
  • What was the difference between putting a
    noblemans eye out than that of a commoner?

12
River Valley CivilizationsMesopotamia 3500 bce
to 1700bce
  • Location/Environment
  • Agriculture
  • Government
  • Religion
  • Buildings
  • Contributions/Accomplishments

13
River Valley CivilizationsEgypt 3200bce 500bce
  • Location/Environment
  • Agriculture
  • Government
  • Religion
  • Buildings
  • Contributions/Accomplishments

14
River Valley CivilizationsIndia
  • Location/Environment
  • Agriculture
  • Government
  • Religion
  • Buildings
  • Contributions/Accomplishments

15
River Valley CivilizationsChina
  • Location/Environment
  • Agriculture
  • Government
  • Religion
  • Buildings
  • Contributions/Accomplishments

16
Indo- Europeans
  • What important contributions did the Aryan
    invaders make to the culture and way of life in
    India?
  • Your paragraph will include roles in society,
    religion, and literature.

17
Jainsim
  • Founder Mahavira 500bce 527bce
  • Tenant Everything in the universe has a soul
    and so should not be harmed. They have a
    doctrine of non-violence to its logical
    conclusion.
  • Most of the 5 million followers live in India

18
Judaism
  • Judaism was the religion of the ancient Hebrews.
    It began in the ancient land now know as Israel.
    Moses led the Jews out of Egyptian slavery.
  • Monotheism the belief in one God.
  • Old Testament History of Jewish people is told
    in the 1st books of the Bible.
  • Ten Commandments established a moral code of
    conduct emphasizes living justly belief in one
    God honoring ones parents, not killing, or
    stealing.

19
Scrapbook (Process)
  • Create your own scrapbook on the contributions or
    accomplishments for one of the following River
    Valley Civilizations that we have studied. For
    each item find a photograph or draw a picture.
    Describe the contribution or accomplishment below
    each image and explain its importance to
    modern-day civilization.
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