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Robo-Ethics

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Title: Robo-Ethics Author: Capurro Last modified by: Capurro Created Date: 12/12/2014 3:46:45 PM Document presentation format: Bildschirmpr sentation – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Robo-Ethics


1
Robo-Ethics
  • Rafael Capurro ?????????
  • International Center for Information Ethics
  • ?????????????
  • http//www.capurro.de/home-jp.html
  • Friedrich-Ebert-Foundation - University of
    Tsukuba
  • Joint Symposium
  • Robo-Ethics and Mind-Body-Schema of Human and
    Robot
  • Challenges for a Better Quality of Life
  • University of Tsukuba, Japan
  • January 23, 2015

2
A Robot Age
  • Will robots be widespread in the 21st century
    similarly to cars in the last century?
  • How quickly?

3
A Robot Age
  • Will robots be widespread in the 21st century
    similarly to cars in the last century?
  • Who will use them?

4
A Robot Age
  • Will robots be widespread in the 21st century
    similarly to cars in the last century?
  • For what purposes?

5
A Robot Age
  • Will robots be widespread in the 21st century
    similarly to cars in the last century?
  • With what kind of inbuilt rules of behaviour?

6
A Robot Age
  • Will robots be widespread in the 21st century
    similarly to cars in the last century?
  • What are the social risks and opportunities?

7
A Robot Age
  • With what consequences for
  • Self-awareness
  • Everyday life
  • Working environment
  • Ecology
  • Privacy / Publicness
  • Safety / Security
  • Surveillance

8
Robots and Humans
  • A world of networked robots
  • Sharing the world with others

9
Robots and Humans
  • What is a robot?
  • Who are we?

10
Robots and Humans
  • Freedom the capacity to opt for diverse forms of
    being-in-the-world.
  • The more computable a being is, the more and the
    better it is.

11
Robots and Humans
  • The more computable a being is, the more and the
    better it is
  • Feelings open dimensions of being-in-the-world

12
Robots and Humans
  • Being a robot is more and better than being a
    human
  • Sharing bodily the world with others

13
Robots and Humans
  • Linear robot time
  • Three-dimensional human (spatial-)temporality
  • Situation - Ba ?

14
Ethics of Care
  • More subjected to linear time
  • More free time

15
Ethics of Care
  • Care tends to take the place of the other,
  • Care opens up a path for the other to care for
    him or herself.

 a care for the other (Fürsorge) from one
pole in which such care tends to take the place
of the other, to the other pole that opens up a
path for the other to care for him or herself. (
16
Ethics of Care
  • Replacing humans
  • Deplacing humans

17
Ethics of Care
  • Dominating
  • Liberating

18
Ethics of Care
  • Exacerbating capitalism
  • Taming capitalism

19
Ethics of Care
  • Dehumanizing war
  • A-humanizing war?

20
Ethics of Care
  • Algorithms
  • Rules of fair play

21
Humans and Robots
  • What are we in the robot era?
  • Who are we in the robot era?

22
Humans and Robots
  • Human-Robot interaction
  • Human-Human interplay

23
Humans and Robots
  • Culturally detached view of robots
  • Cultural embeddedness of humans

24
Conclusion
  • Adapting social immune systems (Sloterdijk) to
    robots
  • Adapting robots to social immune systems
  • ???(? ?????)
  • (me nekikei)

25
Conclusion
  • Taking care of robots in the robot era
  • Taking care of each other in the common world

26
Conclusion
  • Self and selfless robots
  • Human self and selflessness

27
Conclusion
  • What are robots?
  • They are masks of human desire(s)

28
Conclusion
  • Cosima Wagner writes in her book Robotopia
    Nipponica. Research on the Acceptance of Robots
    in Japan (2013)
  • "... "social robots" illustrate the
    "negotiation character of the creation and use of
    technological artefacts" (Hörning), which for
    example includes the rejection of military
    applications of robot technology in Japan.

29
Conclusion
  • On the other hand, as a cultural topos, they
    mirror dreams, desires and needs of human beings
    at a certain time and therefore have to be
    interpreted as political objects as well.

30
Conclusion
  • As a source for a Japanese history of objects
    "social" robots exemplify the cultural meaning of
    robots, the expectations of the Japanese state
    and economy, the mentality of Japanese engineers
    and scientists

31
Conclusion
  • and last but not least the socio-cultural change,
    which the ageing Japanese society is about to
    face. (Cosima Wagner, 2013)

32
??? ??? ?????
33
References
  • Capurro, Rafael Medicine 2.0. Reflections on a
    pathology of the information society. In
    Innovation, journal of appropriate librarianship
    and information work in Southern Africa, Nr 46,
    June 2013 (Special Issue Information Ethics, ed.
    Stephen Mutula) pp. 75-96.
  • http//www.capurro.de/Medicine2_0.html
  • Capurro, Rafael Ethical Aspects of Biometrics.
    Contribution to Tabula Rasa (FP 7 2011 Trusted
    Biometrics under Spoofing Attacks, Deliverable D
    7.2) (Questions by Andrew P. Rebera)
  • http//www.capurro.de/biometrics.html
  • http//www.tabularasa-euproject.org/
  • Capurro, Rafael Ethical Aspects of Value Ageing.
    (Questions by Barry Guihen)(FP 7, 2013)
  • http//www.capurro.de/value_ageing.html
  • http//cordis.europa.eu/result/rcn/60667_en.html

34
References
  • Capurro, Rafael Toward a Comparative Theory of
    Agents. In AI Society, Vol. 27, 4 (2012),
    479-488.
  • http//www.capurro.de/agents.html
  • Capurro, Rafael The Quest for Roboethics.
    Contribution to the Workshop organized by
    Cybernics, University of Tsukuba (Japan),
    September 30, 2009. In Cybernics Technical
    Reports. Special Issue on Roboethics. University
    of Tsukuba 2011, 39-59 (CYB-2011-001
    -CYB-2011-008 March 2011).
  • http//www.capurro.de/roboethics_survey.html
  • Capurro, Rafael The Quest for Roboethics. In
    IEEE ISTAS International Symposium Technology
    and Society, Australia 2010. Video
    https//www.youtube.com/watch?vOvB6cYzDkcg
    Proceedings
  • http//ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/mostRecentIssue.jsp
    ?reloadtruepunumber5507518

35
References
  • Capurro, Rafael Toward a comparative theory of
    agents. In AI Society, 27, 4 (2012), 479-488.
    http//www.capurro.de/agents.html
  • Capurro, Rafael Ethics and Robotics. In Rafael
    Capurro and Michael Nagenborg Ethics and
    Robotics. Heidelberg 2009, 117-123.
    http//www.capurro.de/ethicsandrobotics.html
  • http//www.capurro.de/ethicsandrobotics.html
  • Capurro, Rafael and Nakada, Makoto An
    Intercultural Dialogue on Roboethics. In ibid.
    (Eds.) The Quest for Information Ethics and
    Roboethics in East and West. Research Report on
    trends in information ethics and roboethics in
    Japan and the West. ReGIS and ICIE, March 31,
    2013, pp. 13-22 (ISSN 2187-6061).
  • http//www.capurro.de/intercultural_roboethics.htm
    l
  • Capurro, Rafael, Eldred, Michael and Nagel,
    Daniel Digital Whoness Identity, Privacy and
    Freedom in the Cyberworld. Frankfurt 2013.
  • Capurro, Rafael and Marsiske, Hans-Arthur Der
    Moment des Triumphs. E-Mail-Dialog über ein Bild.
    In Hans-Arthur Marsiske (Ed.) Kriegsmaschinen -
    Roboter im Militäreinsatz. Hannover 2012, 11-30.
  • http//www.capurro.de/kriegsmaschinen.pdf

36
References
  • Capurro, Rafael Wer ist der Mensch? Überlegungen
    zu einer vergleichenden Theorie der Agenten.
    In Hans-Arthur Marsiske (Ed.) Kriegsmaschinen -
    Roboter im Militäreinsatz. Hannover 2012,
    231-238.
  • http//www.capurro.de/kriegsmaschinen.pdf
  • Capurro, Rafael and Nagenborg, Michael (Eds.)
    Ethics and Robotics. Heidelberg 2009.
  • ETICA Ethical Issues of Emerging ICT
    Applications (FP 7, 2009-2011)
  • Deliverable 3.2 Evaluation Report (M. Rader, ed.)
  • Deliverable 3.2.2 Ethical Evaluation (M.
    Nageborg, R. Capurro) http//www.capurro.de/etica_
    deliv3.2.2.pdf
  • Deliverable 2.2 Normative Issues Report (R.
    Heersmink, J. van den Hoven, J. Timmermans)
  • http//www.etica-project.eu/deliverable-files

37
References
  • ETHICBOTS Emerging Technoethics of Human
    Interaction with Communication, Bionics and
    Robotic Systems (FP 6, 2005-2007)
  • Deliverable 4 Analysis of national and
    international EU regulations and Ethical Councils
    Opinions related with technologies for the
    integration of human and artificial entities (R.
    Capurro, M. Nagenborg, J. Weber, Chr. Pingel)
  • See also R. Capurro, M. Nagenborg, J. Weber,
    Chr. Pingel Ethical Regulations on Robotics in
    Europe. In AI Society, 22 (2008), 349-366.
  • Deliverable 5 Technoethical Case Studies in
    Robotics, Bionics, and Related AI Agent
    Technologies(R. Capurro, G. Tamburrini, J. Weber,
    eds.)
  • http//ethicbots.na.infn.it/documents.php

38
References
  • Kimura, T, Nakada, M., Suzuki, K., Sankai, Y.
    (Eds.) Cybernics Technical Reports. Special
    Issue on Roboethics. University of Tsukuba, March
    2011. CYB-2011-011 CYB-2011-008.
  • Nishigaki, Toru Is a Society of Cohabitation
    with Robots Possible? In Toru Nishigaki and
    Tadashi Takenouchi (Eds.) Information Ethics.
    The Future of Humanities. Nagoya City 2012, 1-25.
  • Wagner, Cosima Robotopia Nipponica Recherchen
    zur Akzeptanz von Robotern in Japan. Marburg
    2013. http//www.japanologie.uni-frankfurt.de/japl
    ehre/English_abstract_Robotopia_Nipponica_CW.pdf
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