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The Age of Jackson

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The Age of Jackson Man of the People or Grew up Poor Hero of the Battle of New Orleans Pre-Presidency Creek War (During War of 1812) Battle of New Orleans Seminole ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Age of Jackson


1
The Age of Jackson

2
Man of the People or
3
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4
Grew up Poor
5
Hero of the Battle of New Orleans
6
Pre-Presidency
  • Creek War (During War of 1812)
  • Battle of New Orleans
  • Seminole War (1817)
  • Seizes FLA
  • Destroys Seminole villages
  • Executes British Indian-advisors

7
Elections of 1824 28
  • Adams Jackson Clay William Crawford
  • No electoral majority gtgtgt HOR gtgtgt Corrupt
    Bargain?
  • In 1828 new democratic coalition defeats Adams

8
Important Info
  • Forms new party Democrats
  • Served 1829-37
  • Favors Nationalism but not Federalism
  • Anti-National Bank, against federal for
    internal improvements (burden falls to states),
    acquiesces to tariffs
  • Lower voting requirements builds voting base
  • Establishes Spoils System

9
Spoils System
  • To the victor goes the spoils
  • Replaced Federal officials w/ own friends
  • Kitchen Cabinet
  • Ignores political elite

10
Jacksonian Democracy
  • Electoral College unconstitutional?
  • Age of the common man
  • gtgtgt leads to reform movements
  • Northern Immigrants
  • Westward expansion

11
Native American-U.S. Relations
  • Jackson abandons Jeffersonian policy of
    assimilation supports removal
  • Southern states invalidated federal treaties
    (1820s)
  • Indian Removal Act - provided funds for signing
    treaties that would force N.A. tribes in South to
    move west
  • Worchester v. Georgia domestic dependent
    nation gt Jackson ignores
  • Black Hawk War Illinois
  • Indian Removal Act
  • Trail of Tears

12
Trail of Tears
13
Trail of Tears (1838)
  • Cherokee Nation banished to Oklahoma
  • marched nearly 1000 miles
  • ¼ die along the way

14
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15
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16
Debating the Indian Policy
  • Most Southerners Westerners favored
  • Protestant missionaries urged conversion
    assimilation
  • Female benevolent societies
  • Petition drive almost sinks Indian Rem. Bill
  • Shows early reform efforts

17
Nationalism v Sectionalism
  • Jackson sees himself as leader of national
    majority
  • Sectional leaders
  • Henry Clay (West) The Great Pacificator
  • John C. Calhoun (South)
  • Daniel Webster (North)

18
Nationalism v. Sectionalism
  • Nullification Crisis
  • Tariffs 1816, 1824, 1828 (Abominations)
  • Tariff unconstitutional?
  • SC Nullification Ordinance gt threatens to
    secede
  • Jackson obtains Force Bill from Congress
  • Henry Clay orchestrates reduced Tariff Bill
  • SC backs down
  • Was the issue Fed Govts power over tariffs or
    slavery?

19
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20
Whig Party Forms
  • In opposition to Jackson
  • Will become primary competition to Democrats
    until 1850s
  • Favored high tariffs, federal projects, national
    currency, federal control of banks
  • Similar to old Federalist Party
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