THE AMERICAN INDIAN CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

1 / 24
About This Presentation
Title:

THE AMERICAN INDIAN CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT

Description:

TWENTIETH CENTURY INDIAN TESTIMONY: We are Not Free - Clyde Warrior s testimony before the President s National Advisory Commission on Rural Poverty, 1967 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:232
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 25
Provided by: orgz47
Category:

less

Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: THE AMERICAN INDIAN CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT


1
THE AMERICAN INDIAN CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT
  • A Case Study in Civil Society Protest

2
(No Transcript)
3
(No Transcript)
4
CHANGING AMERICAN INDIAN POLICY
  • Open warfare, followed by treaty-making,
    beginning in 1778
  • Forced removal of Eastern Indians to west of the
    Mississippi River, the Indian Removal Act of 1830
    (the Trail of Tears, beginning in 1831)
  • Confinement to reservations
  • Economic and cultural assimilation including
    acculturation at boarding schools and the end of
    government trust of communal tribal land
    (individual allotment of land ownership, the
    Dawes Severalty Act of 1887)
  • The Indian New Deal through the Indian
    Reorganization Act of 1934
  • The end of the Federal guardianship of tribal
    nations through termination, 1953
  • Urbanization of the Indian population through the
    Voluntary Relocation Program, 1952

5
American Indian Population(in thousands)
  • Source U.S. Census Bureau statistics in First
    Peoples A Documentary Survey of American Indian
    History by Colin G. Calloway, Boston, New York
    Bedford/St. Martins, 2012

6
AMERICAN INDIAN URBAN POPULATION (as a
percentage of the total Indian population)
7
(No Transcript)
8
(No Transcript)
9
UPHEAVAL IN AMERICA
  • The 1960s and 1970s mark a new era of Indian
    militancy and Red Power
  • New organisations (National Indian Youth Council,
    American Indian Movement, Women of All Red
    Nations)
  • New leadership (Clyde Warrior, Russell Means,
    Dennis Banks, Vernon Bellecourt, Ada Deer, Wilma
    Mankiller)
  • New tactics (Fish-ins, occupations, blockades)

10
Lumbee Indian war veterans celebrate their
dispersal of a Ku Klux Klan rally in North
Carolina, 1958
11
Tuscarora Indians resist the seizure of tribal
land for the construction of a dam in New York
State, 1958
12
Nisqually River Fish-in, Washington State, mid
1960s
13
Indian militants occupy the former US prison on
Alcatraz Island, San Francisco Bay, November
1969- June 1971
14
Alcatraz Island Occupation
15
Benjamin Bratt (Quechua), American actor,
Alcatraz occupier
16
Indian activists come to Washington, DC on their
Trail of Broken Treaties, autumn, 1972 and
occupy the Bureau of Indian Affairs building that
November
17
Indian militants confront US Federal authorities,
Wounded Knee, Pine Ridge Reservation, South
Dakota, 1973
18
American Indian Movement (AIM) leaders, Russell
Banks (Ogallala Lakota)and Dennis
Means(Anishinaabe), Wounded Knee, 1973
19
Ada Deer (Menominee), first Native American woman
to head the Bureau of Indian Affairs
20
Wilma Mankiller (Cherokee), first elected female
tribal chief, 1987
21
Seminole Indians celebrate tribal purchase of
Hard Rock International, for 965 million, Times
Square, New York City, 2006
22
FURTHER POSSIBILITIES
  • Relevant Court Cases
  • Worcester vs. Georgia, 1832
  • Ex Parte Crow Dog, 1887
  • Lone Wolf vs. Hitchcock, 1903
  • Oliphant vs. Suquamish, 1978
  • United States vs. Lara, 2004

23
TWENTIETH CENTURY INDIAN TESTIMONY
  • We are Not Free- Clyde Warriors testimony
    before the Presidents National Advisory
    Commission on Rural Poverty, 1967
  • Proclamation to the Great White Father and All
    His People- statement of the Alcatraz occupants
    calling themselves the Indians of All Tribes,
    1969
  • Mankiller A Chief and Her People, the
    autobiography of the late Wilma Mankiller, with
    Michael Wallis, 1993

24
COLLECTIONS OF SOURCE MATERIAL
  • First Peoples A Documentary Survey of American
    Indian History by Colin G. Calloway, Boston and
    New York Bedford/ St. Martins, 2012
  • Native American Testimony A Chronicle of Indian-
    White Relations from Prophesy to the Present,
    1492- 1992 edited by Peter Nabokov, New York
    Viking, 1991
Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
About PowerShow.com