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The Prophet Muhammad

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(Peace Be Upon Him) Arabia before Muhammad Mecca important trade stop and religious center of Arabia people settle there because of the fresh water well location of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Prophet Muhammad


1
The Prophet Muhammad
  • (Peace Be Upon Him)

2
Arabia before Muhammad
  • Arabs
  • majority of Arabias first inhabitants were
    Bedouins
  • Biblical tradition Arabs are Semites
    (descendants of Noahs son
  • Koran tradition Arabs are descendants of
    Abrahams son Ishmael
  • Valued camels above all else
  • no strong central government
  • Mecca
  • important trade stop and religious center of
    Arabia
  • people settle there because of the fresh water
    well
  • location of Kabba (shrine with 300 religious
    idols)
  • Quraysh
  • powerful local tribe of Arabs
  • Encouraged Tribes to deposit idols in the Kabba
    and protect them for a fee

Cartoon
3
Muhammads call to Prophethood
  • Muhammeds Early Life
  • born into Hashim family of the powerful Quraysh
    tribe sometime between AD 570 and 580
  • angels told mother, Amina, to name child Muhammad
    (highly praised)
  • father died before birth, mother _at_ 4
  • raised by Uncle, Abu Talib
  • as a young man, he worked for a wealthy widow
    Khadija
  • married Khadija and had 7 children only one
    daughter Fatima survived
  • had reputation as a seeker of solitude

4
Spreading the word of Allah
  • Muhammads Teachings
  • Major points of Muhammads public teachings
  • There was only one God (Allah)
  • and all should submit to him
  • 2. all believers in God were equal
  • 3. the rich should share with the poor
  • 4. people should live righteously
  • 5. all people would be subjected to a Judgement
    Day
  • Miracles
  • passed through the seven levels of heaven in the
    Night Journey
  • brought forth a spring in Mecca
  • Disagreements
  • wanted to abolish idolatry yet most people of
    Mecca did not
  • critical of wealthy merchants who controlled most
    of the money and power in Mecca
  • Protection for Prophet
  • he was able to remain in Mecca because of his
    powerful and respected family

Cartoon
5
Emigration to Madinah
  • The Hijrah
  • Muhammed left after death of wife and Abu Talib
  • Traveled to oasis city of Yathrib
  • this journey marks the the beginning of Islam and
    the Muslim calendar
  • Muhammads Welcome
  • Prophet was welcomed by Jews and Arabs of Yathrib
  • both groups hoped Muhammad could prevent a civil
    was from breaking out
  • renamed Yathrib - Medina
  • believers in Islam began to call themselves
    Muslims (those who submit to the will of God)

Conflict in Medina
Cartoon
  • Muhammad hoped Islam could win new converts
  • some Jewish leaders did not accept Muhammad as
    Gods latest prophet
  • Jews, who opposed Muhammad were expelled from
    Medina
  • at first Muhammad told Muslims to pray in the
    direction of Jerusalem but later changed it to
    the Kabba in Mecca

6
Return to Mecca
Muhammeds army though tremedsously outnumbered,
won the Battle of Badr
As more people accepted Islam, the Quraysh became
hostile toward Muslims
Battle of Badr
  • Outcomes of the Battle of Badr
  • more battles were fought in the years that
    followed the Battle of Badr
  • Medina taken over by angry Meccans
  • AD 630 Muhammad and supporters capture Mecca
  • idols and other pagan relics are destroyed and
    the Kabba rededicated to Allah
  • 632 Muhammad makes his last journey to Mecca -
    called the hajj
  • every detail of his actions on the event were
    noted and imitated by his disciples
  • the rites and ceremonies of the hajj became
    standard practice for all Muslims

Cartoon
7
Islam as a Way of LIfe
The Five Pillars of Faith
Shahada Salat Zakat Sawm
Hajj
Almsgiving 2 1/2 of a Muslims income or
1/40 of all they possess annually
Pilgrimage to Mecca undertaken once in a
lifetime reminder of equality between all
Muslims
Daily Worship Five times a day guided by a
precise set of rituals
Profession of faith There is only one God
(Allah) and Muhammad is his prophet
Fast From sunrise to sunset during the holy
time of Ramadan
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