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The Challenge of Peace:

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11.1 Chapter 11 The Challenge of Peace: Christian Resolution of Conflict Christian Resolution of Conflict Approaches to Resolving Conflict Pacifism Christianity and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Challenge of Peace:


1
Chapter 11
11.1
  • The Challenge of Peace
  • Christian Resolution of Conflict

2
Christian Resolution of Conflict
11.2
  • Approaches to Resolving Conflict
  • Pacifism
  • Christianity and Peacemaking

3
Principles of Catholic Social Teaching
11.3
  • Life and Dignity of the Human Person
  • Solidarity

4
Approaches to Resolving Conflict
11.4
  • Continuum of Conflict Resolution
  • Three prominent standpoints
  • Militarism is the glorification of the use of
    violence to solve conflicts.
  • The just-war theory is the belief that violence
    is evil, however when all other means of
    resolving a conflict have been exhausted, then
    violence may need to be employed.
  • Pacifism is conflict resolution through
    non-violent means.

5
The Just-War Theory
11.5
  • Conditions to be met before war.
  • Just cause
  • Legitimate authority
  • Right intention
  • Last resort
  • Reasonable hope of success
  • Comparative justice
  • Conditions to be met during war.
  • Noncombatant immunity
  • Proportionality
  • U.S. Catholic Bishops, The Challenge of Peace

6
The Just-War Theory Applied After a Conflict
11.6
  • Repentance
  • Along with the celebration of the end of war,
    repentance for all pain suffered by both sides of
    conflict should occur.
  • Honorable Surrender
  • Preserving the honor of those who are
    surrendering.
  • Restoration
  • Restoring a defeated country to lessen the
    suffering of innocent victims.

7
Pacifism vs. Passivity
11.7
  • Pacifism
  • Active
  • Involved
  • Passionate concern
  • Strong and Forceful
  • Struggling with conflicts
  • Passivity
  • Passive
  • Uninvolved
  • Unemotional lack of interest
  • Weak and indifferent
  • Avoiding conflicts

8
Pacifism Before Conflict
11.8
  • Creating a Climate of Peace
  • Rooting Out the Causes of Conflict
  • The Spiral of Violence
  • Injustice itself is a first level of violence.
  • If victims of injustice respond violently under
    the weight of their oppression, then second-level
    violence occurs.
  • Authorities who forcefully crack down on
    second-level violence are engaging in a third
    level of violence, and the spiral of violence
    continues.
  • Pacifism tries to end violence at each level of
    its spiral.

9
Pacifism During Conflict
11.9
  • Requires as much energy, creativity, strength,
    wisdom and courage as violence does.
  • Right makes might. or satyagraha (Gandhi)
  • Violent ways of resolving a conflict lead to
    false resolutions
  • Both sides in a conflict possess some truth
  • A conflict is not resolved until both parties
    agree to a common solution.

10
Civil Disobedience
11.10
  • Civil disobedience is breaking a law for what one
    considers just and moral reasons
  • Civil disobedience involves
  • Breaking only those laws considered unjust.
  • Accepting the legal penalties for breaking the
    law.
  • Making a clear, public statement of intentions.
  • Ensuring that no harm is caused to persons.

11
Christianity and Peacemaking
11.11
  • War and peace in the bible
  • Jesus and pacifism
  • Blessed are the peacemakers for they will be
    called the children of God. (Matthew 59)
  • The Gospel of Peace the notion of enemy is
    rejected, for all are our neighbors.
  • The Church and the Gospel of Peace
  • Peace is not just the absence of war. Like a
    cathedral, peace must be constructed patiently
    and with unshakable faith.
  • Pope John Paul II, Homily at Coventry Cathedral.

12
Vocabulary Review
V11.1
  • Continuum of conflict resolution (p. 268) The
    degree to which someone will accept violence as a
    means for resolving conflicts, ranging from
    absolute acceptance to absolute rejection.
  • Militarism (p. 269) Enthusiastically advocating
    the use of righteous violence glorifying the use
    of violence to resolve conflicts.

13
Vocabulary Review
V11.2
  • Pacifism (p. 277) Conflict resolution through
    nonviolent means.
  • Spiral of violence (p. 280) An injustice which
    leads to violence and an attempt to crush that
    violence with more violence.
  • Satyagraha (p. 281) Truth force soul force
    belief that right has power rather than might
    makes right.

14
Vocabulary Review
V11.3
  • Civil disobedience (p. 283) Breaking a law for
    what one considers just and moral reasons.
  • Blockade (p. 283) Preventing the transport of
    goods to their intended destination.
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