To whom it may concern: Action plan: 10 AVENUES LEADING TO SHANGHAI TOP 500 (ALSO, THE-QS and WEBOMETRICS) AND 10 ISSUES OF CRUCIAL IMPORTANCE (5 issues, each one 2 sub-issues) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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To whom it may concern: Action plan: 10 AVENUES LEADING TO SHANGHAI TOP 500 (ALSO, THE-QS and WEBOMETRICS) AND 10 ISSUES OF CRUCIAL IMPORTANCE (5 issues, each one 2 sub-issues)

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Title: To whom it may concern: Action plan: 10 AVENUES LEADING TO SHANGHAI TOP 500 (ALSO, THE-QS and WEBOMETRICS) AND 10 ISSUES OF CRUCIAL IMPORTANCE (5 issues, each one 2 sub-issues)


1
To whom it may concern Action plan 10
AVENUES LEADING TO SHANGHAI TOP 500 (ALSO,
THE-QS and WEBOMETRICS) AND 10 ISSUES OF CRUCIAL
IMPORTANCE (5 issues, each one 2 sub-issues)
  • Author Prof. Dr. Milutinovic Veljko

2
Introductory Notes (10)
  • a. This is a study that I have completed at the
    request of Prof. Lekovic, Vice Rector of the
    University of Belgrade, in charge of the
    National Top500 project. It gives only the basic
    points (details are obtainable on special
    request). The first version was created in May
    2009.

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Introductory Notes (10)
  • b. To complete this study, several experts were
    consulted primarily, Prof. Demsar (Ljubljana),
    Prof. Neuhold (Wienna), Prof. Valero
    (Barcelona),  and Prof. Mester (Szeged).

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Introductory Notes (10)
  • c. Different universities are taking
    different avenues leading to the Shanghai
    Top 500 list, and these avenues are defined
    next.

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Introductory Notes (10)
  • d. The best approach is to take all of them
    concurrently, for synergistic reasons.
    Examples of benefits coming from synergistic
    interaction of the 10 avenues are
    obtainable on request.

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Introductory Notes (10)
  • e. What I list below are the avenues, and
    for each avenue I specify a university
    which got significant points by taking that
    avenue. For each university I can
    supply the name of my contact, who
    represents direct link to the major driver
    along the specified avenue (Rector, Director
    of NSF, etc.).

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Introductory Notes (10)
  • f. Each issue defined below has a price tag,
    both to create and to maintain. The price
    of each one can be calculated on request.

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Introductory Notes (10)
  • g. Each issue has a social dimension, and
    without appropriate attention given to the
    social dimension, the success can be
    jeopardized.

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Introductory Notes (10)
  • h. Each issue needs a responsible person or
    institution, to take a permanent care about,
    plus a mechanism with elements of
    bible, stick, and carrot.

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Introductory Notes (10)
  • i. Benefits of getting onto the Top500 list
    are multifold, and their elaboration is a
    subject of a follow-up write-up.

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Introductory Notes (10)
  • j. IMPORTANT NOTE Issues do not count for
    Shanghai500, but act as crucial accelerators
    of the process. Avenues do count for the
    list. Avenues bring Shanghai points, and
    issues help the avenues to bring more points.

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Issues of Importance
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a. DIRECT VISIBILITY
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a. DIRECT VISIBILITY
  • No matter what are the results generated by
    faculty members, the major issue is that all
    their results are clearly visible. One does not
    apply to the Shanghai list. They use the Internet
    to find data themselves, and that means that many
    results do not get noticed (my uneducated feeling
    is that only 20 of the results generated by the
    U. of Belgrade get noticed). Therefore, the
    crucial issue is that each university has a
    portal, in which the data are sorted using the
    SAME structure as is the structure of the
    Shanghai evaluation criteria, so they find ALL at
    one place, EASILY. That portal should be the
    first Google hit, when the official name of the
    university is typed, no matter what language is
    used (English, Serbian, Chinese, Spanish). The
    Szeged Univerity has a respectable portal, using
    11 correspondence with what Shanghai looks for
    (I do not know if that is so by accident, or due
    to a systematic effort). My contact to Szeged
    Rector Prof. Mester. I SUGGEST THAT PROF. MESTER
    IS ADDOPTED INTO THE BELGRADE MISSION TEAM.

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  • The portal must include not only the data of
    interest for Shanghai, but also the data of
    interest for the other two lists getting popular
    (one in UK, THE-QS, and one in SP,
    WEBOMETRICS).

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   a1. Important for Shanghai
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Nobels (NL) or Major Field Medalists (MFMs) among
alumni (10)
  • Does Ivo Andric hold a degree from UB? If yes, he
    will be bringing points for 100 years. Another
    question is if HDs count? There is some
    indication that these may count, but with an
    order of magnitude lower weight. That has yet to
    be proved. In any way, it does not hurt them to
    list them at the portal, in the HD category. We
    have about 10 NLs and MFMs among correct and
    future HDs (Honorary Doctors), plus some
    universities have a practice to give HD
    post-mortem to NLs (which could be done for Ivo
    Andric, if rules permit). Also, leading
    researchers of SRB should be nominated for MFMs
    that Shanghai accepts.

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Nobels (NL) or Major Field Medalists (MFMs) among
staff (20)
  • All NLs and MFMs who got our HDs, did express an
    interest to teach courses for credit in SRB, via
    Internet or to come here. What counts is not
    where the "radna knjizica" resides, but where the
    courses for credit are taught. Consequently, each
    school/department of UB (31), and each
    school/department of any other SRB
    university has to create a TOPICS-IN
    course, which brings transferable Bologna
    credits, and can be taught only by NL of MFM (the
    list of MFMs that Shanghai accepts, can be found
    via the Shanghai portal).

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Peak Researchers (20).
  • This is where both, the number of SCI papers and
    SCI citations count, as well as the fellow
    nominations. SRB has to create a list of
    researchers with SCI citations count over
    50, with SCI papers count over 50, and the list
    of fellows (nonMFMmedalists) of major societies
    and companies (Fellows of the IEEE, ACM, Intel,
    IBM, MS, Oracle, Cisco, Google,..). Tesla and
    Pupin were Fellows of IRE (now IEEE), and could
    count, had their nominations in BG been not
    dropped at the time they were alive.

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  • For the peak researchers to count all their
    lifetime, all those who satisfy criteria for
    Shanghai points, should never be asked to
    retire. In Slovenia, no university professor is
    ever asked to retire. What I propose for SRB is
    less merciful Only those who bring Shanghai
    points should never be asked to
    retire. Consequently, the current EMERITUS LAW IN
    SRB has to be changed, and linked to Shanghai
    criteria. Currently it is linked to the 3
    condition, which creates ambiguities and room for
    abuse.    

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  • Of course, in order not to cut jobs for
    youngers, the teaching of non-retired post-65
    professors should be limited only to master and
    PHD studies, and only to one course per
    semester. Opening of a third, summer semester (in
    addition to fall and spring) should be
    considered, and not only for TOPICS-IN
    courses (visitors can easily come in summers, and
    summers are ideal make-up periods for courses
    difficult to pass (at Purdue University, all
    tough courses are offered also in summers).

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Size (10)
  • Our major Achilies heal. Legislature is
    needed that moves non-productive staff to
    teaching services, which do not count (like
    financial services, cleaning services, student
    services, housing services, ...). All privileges
    and titles should be kept intact, to amortize
    frictions. A grace period should be given to
    those who wish to improve. Full professors should
    be kept intact, so they become allies, not
    enemies. Also, productive groups should be
    incorporated (if the Jozef Stefan Institute
    would become a part of LJ university, LJ would
    get into Top100).

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SCI (20)
  • Both papers and citations are important. However,
    here is the stress on SCI papers.
  • AGAIN, RETIRED PROFESSORS WITH HIGH CUMULATIVE
    SCI SHOULD BE ALLOWED TO TEACH AND TO ADVICE PHD
    STUDENTS, LIFELONG (LIKE AT ALL MAJOR USA
    UNIVERSITIES).

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  • Also, government has to give money both for SCI
    papers and SCI citations, but ONLY IF AND AFTER
    THE FACTS BECOME VISIBLE BOTH ON THE NATIONAL
    BULLETIN BOARD (that motivates others in the
    nation, more than any money) AND AN FP7 PROPOSAL
    INCLUDING THESE PAPERS AND CITATIONS (SCI) GETS
    SUBMITTED (SEE BELOW), BECAUSE SUCCESSFULL
    PROPOSALS BRING MONEY TO GOVERNMENT IMMEDIATELY,
    and ALMOST-SUCCESSFUL ONES BRING MONEY (VERY
    LIKELY) IN THE NEXT CALL (see below).

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  • In other words, money is needed for all these
    awards, and it can come from FP7. Actually, if
    the work is relevant, money is more likely to
    come. So, the criterion for awards should be not
    only SCI (quality), but SCI and FP7 (quality and
    relevance). Hybrid solutions are also possible,
    i.e. small awards for SCI only, and significant
    awards for SCIFP7 (synergy).

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  • Articles at Nature and Science (20) These should
    be awarded by Government and Press (see part on
    MEDIA VISIBILITY given below). Each such paper
    should be given nice money by government and an
    article in Politika, and an exposure at RTS.

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The bottom line is that NSF of SRB should be
giving money as follows
  • 1. "Na kasicicu" To all registered researchers,
    just to keep them above bio minimum. Recimo,
    nacionalni minimalac. 2. "Lopatom" Kad generisu
    SCI bodove za Shanghai (radove i
    citate). Recimo, E100 za rad i E10 za citat. 3.
    "Bagerom" Kad generisu rad za Nature and
    Science. Recimo, E1000.

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a2. Important for others (UK and SP)
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 International students
  • They will come if appropriate infrastructure
    exists quality of education is not the only
    issue of importance. ALSO, BRING STANFORD or MIT
    programs to BG, and foreign students from the
    region will hog our doors! STUDENTS COUNT NO
    MATTER WHAT COUNTRY THEY COME FROM!

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 International staff
  • Each faculty should have a 3-credit course TOPICS
    IN XYZ, should be taught by a foreign
    professor (they do not need high honoraria to
    come what is important to them is to spread
    their mission, and what can also help is the
    LONELY PLANET 1 ) FOREIGN PROFESSORS COUNT
    ONLY IF THEY COME FROM SHANGHAI TOP 500 AND TEACH
    FOR CREDIT.

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Students accepted for grad schools at other top
universities
  • This is our major strength, since only ETF
    brings on average 10 grad students per year to
    Top10 USA schools (especially after a course has
    been generated which teaches students how to get
    there - ETF got money equivalent to 1M now,
    from a past student who became an alumnus of
    Stanford, and the course was created to maximize
    the probability that something like that happens
    again the course also includes FP7, MBA, and
    SCI, plus parts on inventivity, creativity,
    effectiveness, and efficiency). Also, 40 past
    students of ETF are now doing PHD in Barcelona,
    which is treated the EU top in computer
    design. IT COUNTS ONLY IF OUR STUDENTS REACH
    SHANGHAI 500. NB Mechanism needed to report
    progress beyond UB

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 Staff teaching at other top universities
  • All our professors visiting elsewhere have to be
    listed, but only if "elsewhere" is Shanghai top
    500.
  • The portal creation and maintenance have a
    non-trivial price tag, which can be calculated.
    Prof. Jovanovic and RCUB, plus Prof. Popovic and
    ETF, should be consulted about the tender for
    the portal creation.

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Webometrics
  • PageRank versus PaperRank
  • ProfessorRank versus FacultyRank
  • UniversityRank

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b. GOVERNMENT IMPOSED MOTIVATION MECHANISMS
  • In order to help generate good results,
    GOVERNMENT has to introduce motivation
    mechanisms, both for national funding and for
    EU funding

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  • b1. For national funding, the best example is
    Slovenia (Ljubljana is at the position 402). SLO
    funding criteria are very close to Shanghai
    criteria. A possible solution is to ask a VIP
    from Slovenia to help generate such criteria for
    Serbia, and to add both, the mechanisms that make
    the Serbia criteria IDENTICAL to Shanghai
    criteria (ALL 6 listed above), and also
    the PREVENTIVE mechanisms that prevent frictions
    from stepping on toes of seniors who are
    influential, but week in science, and could
    generate frictions (ako si redovni profesor, niko
    nece da te dira, ali nemoj da kocis, nego pomogni
    - prikljuci se ideji koja dobija a ako si
    asistent, docent ili vanredni, zapni iz sve
    snage). This means that issues like papers in
    Nature and Science have to be financially
    recognized not only the SCI papers. This means
    mechanisms that get introduced gradually,
    selectively, and transparently. The core of the
    financial mechanism is presented above.

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  • b2. For international funding, the best examples
    are Germany and Austria, where very good but
    unsuccessful proposals get non-trivial
    reimbursements for preparation efforts. Along the
    same lines, Croatia has introduced a mechanism
    which cold for SRB, too Each FP7 proposal is
    rated with up to 15 points ST, Scientific and
    Technical, gets up to 5 points, MF, Management
    and Finances, gets up to 5 points, ED, European
    Dimension, gets up to 5 points.

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  • If a proposal gets 12 points or more, it has good
    chances to win an EU contract. If a proposal gets
    10 points or more, but does not win a contract,
    it gets E10K for project leader, if from CRO E4K
    for WP leader, if from CRO E3K for each partner
    from CRO All this on condition that none of the
    three parts is rated below 3 points (ovo
    ogranicenje je odlicno, da se ne bi desilo da
    se neko uortacio sa firmom RR koja garantuje
    4.5. na ST i ED, pa se 10 poena prebaci sa
    slabim ST delom od samo 1 poen). Also, total
    given out is E10K (ako je iz CRO leader i jos dva
    partnera, total koji se daje nije E16K, nego
    E10K, ali to ogranicenje nije dobro).

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  • Consequently, in 2008, CRO output to EU was
    E2M, and the input from EU was E17M (based on
    what I have, SRB data are E1M8 and E2M4). For
    CALL 5 (closed Oct 26, 2009), success rate of
    Croatia is excellent of SRB is tragic. Please,
    note that ETF has a course which teaches students
    how to do FP7 proposals. This course is also
    available at PMF (obligatory at MasterFFH), FON
    (elective at PHD level), and Singidunum
    (obligatory at PHD).

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  • My proposal for SRB (which is what SLO may
    introduce soon) E5K if leader E2K if WP
    leader E1K if partner Condition min 3 at either
    ST, or MF, or ED. Important money in one week
    after application for money!

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  • This money comes from the Minister of Finances,
    via the Minister of Science, since each
    almost-successful project may win next time, and
    then the government funds get loaded with orders
    of magnitude more money that given for
    reimbursements (socijalno, zdravtveno, penziono,
    etc). Primer Ako SRB univerzitet, kao jedan od
    partnera donese E350K za plate, od toga E150K
    ostaje SRB drzavi (faktor oko 1.75), pa zato ima
    smisla da drzava stimulise almost-successful
    proposals, jer se buduci uspesni generisu upravo
    iz ove grupe. Sada drzava daje 10 uspesnima,
    ali to nije neophodno, jer ako je neko dobio
    pare od EU, on ima para, i ne treba dodatno
    opterecivati budzet (zasto podmazivati rep
    debeloj guski?).

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c. UNIVERSITY IMPOSED MOTIVATION MECHANISMS
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In order to help generate good results,
UNIVERSITIES have to introduce good motivation
mechanisms for
  • c1. PHD student publications LJ is now asking 2
    SCI papers for PHD. c2. faculty promotions LJ has
    made the promotion criteria much tougher than BG
  • Crucial principles to apply PRIMENA SA
    ZADRSKOM, POSTEPENOST, SELEKTIVNOST,
    TRANSPARENTNOST, i RELEVANTNOST (source Franci
    Demsar, Director of the NSF of Slovenia).
    Razrada ovih 5 kriterijuma je predmet posebnog
    dopisa (poseban rad istih koautora, Milutinovic,
    Lekovic, Tomazic, Demsar).

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Suggestion for SRB, based on statistical
analysis
  • 1. for natural and medical sciences, 3 SCI papers
    for PHD. 2. for electrical and computer
    engineering, 2 SCI papers 3. for other
    engineering, 1 SCI paper 4. for social sciences
    (laws, economy, etc), 1 SSCI paper 5. for arts
    and humanities (languages, etc), 1 paper, in one
    of   AHCI or ERIH A or ERIH B.   ERIH C NOT
    ACCEPTABLE.   GOOD DOMESTIC JOURNAL HAVE TO GET
    INTO ERICH A OR B.

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A GUIDELINE ON HOW TO MAKE A JOURNAL FOR SCI,
SSCI, AHCI, OR ERIH, ON SPECIAL REQUEST.
  • It should be announced that the above rules will
    be applied in 5 years from now, and will be made
    tighter every 5 years. Another possibility is
    that the rule for sciences/medicine be applied
    in 1 year, for EE/CE in 2 years, for other
    engineering in 3 years, for SSIi in 4 years, and
    for arts and humanities in 5 years. Absolutely
    everything has to be transparent to the entire
    nation!

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d. INDIRECT VISIBILITY
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  • In order to generate visible results (that get
    easily publishable), mentors have to be
    motivated to focus on the relevant problems, so
    that money, time, effort, and talent is not
    wasted. So, mechanisms (offices) are needed to
    help d1. Effectiveness, how to select the
    right road to reach the target
    destination d2. Efficiency, how to be fast
    on that road

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  • One possible scenario (related to effectiveness)
    that wastes talent and time is the following
    one Assistants are typically recruited among
    the best students, and very often end up doing
    PHD with the politically most influential
    professor in the Area (Katedra), who is not
    productive (effective), so they are given a
    suva-drenovina topic for PHD. How to prevent
    this? National list of topic priorities and
    consultation of that list when the thesis topic
    is to be approved, or even better, asking for a
    SCI paper at the time of thesis topic adoption.

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  • One possible scenario (related to efficiency)
    needing improvement is that promotion committees
    waste their time on clear cases (promote vs
    reject), which can be treated automatically.
    They should concentrate their time only on
    gray-zone cases (details on request). Also,
    each promotion should be evaluated by an ethics
    committee (important topic not covered
    here). This issue has a price tag, not only in
    money, but also in social issues, and can be
    calculated with an appropriate effort.
  • MENTORS MUST SATISFY THE MINIMUM SCI PAPER
    REQUIREMENT. AGAIN, THE RULE SHOULD BE APPLIED
    WITH DELAY, AND TRANSPARENTLY.

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e. PRESS VISIBILITY
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  • Researcher get better informed via media and
    newspapers, then via official channels.
    Consequently,    e1. Politika (and others) have
    to write about the issues  and mechanisms
    presented here.    e2. Rectors and ProRectors
    have to talk for TV,  as well. The
    Mission Team must include reps from media!

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Avenues
  • 1. NLs and MFMs among alumni. An excellent
    example Stanford.   It is not that there
    is nothing that SRB can do here )   My
    contacts FlynnHennessy (president,
    co-author on a recent book)

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  • 2. NLs and MFMs among staff. An excellent
    example Texas.   My contact Patt (MFM)  
    There are several sub-avenues that SRB can take
    )   Non-resident staff does count on certain
    conditions.   OUR ALUMNI WHO ARE PROFESSORS
    ELSEWHERE, SHOULD BE ASKED TO TEACH!
  • SUGGESTION ASK THE STUDENT ORGANIZATION IF IT IS
    OK THAT AN MFM MAKES A 20 MINUTE LECTURE AT THE
    APRIL 4 CELEBRATION, AND THEN CONTINUES WITH A
    TOPICS-IN COURSE AT ETF!

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  • 3. Peak Researchers. Best example
    Politechnic of Valencia.   The avenue boils
    down to hiring good researchers.   My contacts
    Pont Jil. Details on request.

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  • 4. Size. Best example Milano.   The avenue
    boils down to moving weak researchers to
    teaching services, which is easily doable at
    private universities,   and very difficult at
    state universities.   Detailes on request. My
    contact Sami.

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  • 5. SCI. Not only papers, but citations, too,
    have to be clearly visible at the portal.
    Best example Ljubljana.   Details on request.

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  • 6. Articles in Science and Nature. Best
    example Ljubljana   Contacts Demsar and
    Tomazic. Details on request.

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  • 7. International Students. Best example U.
    of Tokyo.   The avenue implies excellent
    infrastructure for foreign students  
    (instant nostrification of diplomas, mobility,
    dorms, services).   My contact to rector
    Prof. Fujii.

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  • 8. International Staff. Best example
    Waseda.   Details on request. My contact
    to Rector Prof. Iwai

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  • 9. Student acceptance rate at other
    universities. Details on request.   Best
    example Technion. My contact Prof. Valero.

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  • 10. Staff teaching elsewhere. Details on
    request.    Best example Weizman. My
    contact Prof. David.

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Final Notes (10)
  • a. Someone has to be responsible for generation
    of data for the portal. b. Someone has to be
    responsible for the portal implementation. c.
    Someone has to calculate the points from the BGD
    portal,   and to report to the Shanghai
    administration, if a difference is noticed -
    a watchdog is needed (same as above). d. Someone
    has to be responsible for implementation of all  
    motivation mechanisms in the Gov domain
    (Minister of Science). e. Someone has to be
    responsible for implementation of motivation
    mechanisms at SRB universities, both public
    and private (Rectors). f. Someone has to be made
    responsible for national priorities  
    (effectiveness and efficiency).

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  • g. Someone has to be responsible for MEDIA
    VISIBILITY   (suggestion Stanko Stojiljkovic
    and Olivera Kosic).   Stanko bi bili zaduzeni za
    vizibilitet cele akcije! h. Someone has to be
    made responsible for PUSH at universities
    outside BGD (e.g. Filipovic KG, Milovanovic
    Nis, NS, etc...) i. Someone has to be responsible
    for PUSH at private universities.   Given the
    fact how little the government gives for public  
    universities, some of the private universities
    may overpass UB. j. Someone has to be responsible
    for continuity   (universities come to Top500,
    and some of them stay there for only   one year
    - make sure that does not happen to us, once
    one successful administration term expires).
    A SELF ORGANIZING SYSTEM IS NEEDED!

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FINAL COMMENTS
  • 1. According to Prof. Mester talk in Amalfi,  
    Shanghai analyses 3000 and reports 500.   If UB
    is among 3000, our job is easier.   If not, our
    job is tough.   Someone has to find out if UB is
    among 3000, and where? 2. According to Prof.
    Mester,   all top 500 universities have a strong
    central governance,   which makes it easy to
    introduce and reinforce wise rules.   If UB
    likes to become a member of the top 500 family,  
    the university statute has to be modified.

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