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Verbos Regulares

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Title: Verbos Regulares


1
Verbos Regulares
  • An Introduction

2
Spanish Verbs Start as Infinitives
3
A.An infinitive is a verbal idea that includes
the English word to.
4
B.There are 3 kinds of infinitives
  • -ar
  • -er
  • -ir

5
Hablar
  • to speak or to talk

6
Decidir
  • to decide

7
Practicarto practice
8
Caminar
  • To walk

9
Comer
  • to eat

10
An infinitive must end with one of these two
letters combinations. But every word that ends
with ar, -er, -ir is not an infinitive.
11
For exampleThe word lugar ends with ar but
it is a noun that means place.
12
C.The stem or root is what is left of the
infinitive after the ar, -er and ir are removed.
13
What is the stem of hablar?
  • habl

14
What is the stem of vivir?
  • viv

15
What is the stem of beber?
  • beb

16
What is the stem of practicar?
  • practic

17
What is the stem of responder?
  • respond

18
What is the stem of escribir?
  • escrib

19
What is the stem ofestudiar?
  • estudi

20
What is the stem of bailar?
  • bail

21
What is the stem of terminar?
  • termin

22
Just a little note here that most stems cannot
be pronounced.
23
The stem of a verb can help you know something
about nouns.For example comer is to
eat.Both comedor and comida start with the
stem of comer, so we know they have something
to do with eating. The first one is dining room
and the second is food.
24
D.To conjugate an infinitive start with the stem
and add the appropriate ending for the subject
and tense you wish to use.
25
E.Endings are added to the stem to create
subject and time of action.
26
The endings used with ar verbs in the present
tense areo for Ias for youa for he,
she, it, you politeamos for wean for they,
you plural
27
For exampleTo say I talk we must start with
the infinitive to talk and continue from there.
  • hablar
  • habl
  • hablo

28
Try it again. This time we talk.
  • hablar
  • habl
  • hablamos

29
F.The tense is when something is happening, was
happening or will happen. It is the time of
action of the verb.
30
G.There are 3 things that every Spanish verb,
when it is conjugated, tells us
  • What
  • When
  • Who

31
H.What about words like do, or does
etc.?Three things to remember about them1.
They are often implied2. They tell the tense of
the verb3. They show the position of the verb.
32
For exampleWhere do you practice soccer?Dónde
practicas el fútbol?Where did you practice
soccer?Dónde practicaste el fútbol?
33
When you have a sentence where there are two
verbs in a row with no obvious change of subject,
the first verb is conjugated and the second
remains an infinitive.
34
For exampleI need to study here.Necesito
estudiar aquí.Do you need to study
here?Necesitas estudiar aquí?
35
J.In order to make sentences negative (no, not,
nt) the word no placed before the verb.
36
For exampleI dont want Taco Bell.Yo no quiero
Taco Bell.We dont speak French.No hablamos el
francés.
37
K.To find the correct ending, in any tense, you
must know what pronoun would replace the subject
noun. More often then not these subject pronouns
in Spanish are omitted.
38
L.The Spanish present tense has three allowable
translations. Context and intended meaning are
how you determine which one to use.
39
Ramon nada en el lago.
  • The first translation or usage is habitual.
  • The second is in progress at the moment.
  • The third is usually formatted into a question.

40
Be sure to remember these subject pronoun
groupsI weyouhe, she, it they, you
pluralThese groups determine which endings you
will use.
41
2A. In Spanish the subject groups
areyo nosotrostú él, ella,
usted ellos,ellas, ustedes
42
2BVerb endings are determined by number and
tense not by gender.
43
Conjuguemos
44
Yosacarsaco
45
Look at letter H on worksheetThe subject is
Juana y yoThe pronoun that substitutes
isweSo we add the we ending to the stem of
the verbbailargtbailgtbailamos
46
Look at letter J on worksheet The subject is
los estudiantesThe pronoun that substitutes
istheySo we add the they ending to the stem
of the verbhablargthablgthablan
47
Look at letter U on the worksheetThe subject
is la escuelaThe pronoun that substitutes
isitSo we add the it ending to the stem of
the verbllegargtlleggtllega
48
Dictionary Lesson
  • Looking up a verb
  • study
  • Paco studies in school.
  • practice
  • I am practicing tomorrow.
  • need
  • We need to buy books.
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