Geography of Ancient Greece - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Geography of Ancient Greece PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 7e47d6-MDg0Z



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Geography of Ancient Greece

Description:

Title: Slide 1 Author: Darien Public Schools Last modified by: Darien Public Schools Created Date: 7/10/2006 12:48:57 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:15
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 23
Provided by: Darien61
Learn more at: http://dhseagan.wikispaces.com
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Geography of Ancient Greece


1
Geography of Ancient Greece
2
The Size
  • Greece occupied about 45,000 square miles about
    the size of Louisiana
  • Many islands
  • Spread culture through colonization

3
The Sea
  • Greece is a Peninsula surrounded by water
  • Aegean Sea (to the East)
  • Ionian Sea (to the West)
  • Black Sea (to the North-West)
  • Mediterranean Sea (to the South)
  • Trade was imperative because Greece was not rich
    in natural resources.

4
The Land
  • Mountains covered 75 of Greece
  • Mount Olympus (highest, home of Greek Gods)
  • Made for difficult travel, but good protection
  • Fertile Valleys covered 25 and made for the
    living areas known as city-states
  • Not enough fresh-water to feed a large population
    (only about 2 million people)

5
The Climate
  • Moderate temperatures
  • Only rains in winter
  • Led to outdoor living
  • Agora (marketplace)
  • Gymnasium
  • Political meetings
  • Theatre
  • Religious ceremonies
  • Participation in city-states was a DUTY a VIRTUE

6
The Bronze Age
  • Island Life
  • Minoan Life
  • Mainland Life
  • Mycenaean Life
  • Trojan War

7
Minoan Society
  • On Island of Crete (to the South)
  • Height of power from 2000-1400 BC
  • Lived a prosperous life from trade
  • Evidence that women shared social equality

8
Minoans
  • No use of Greek language or religion but
    influenced Greece
  • Made contact with advanced Egypt and mainland
    Greece
  • The cause for the end of Minoan Civilization is
    debated
  • Some historians claim a tsunami triggered by a
    volcanic eruption on a nearby island
  • Most however believe it was due to invasion by
    the Mycenaeans

9
Mycenaean Society
  • Lived on Mainland of Greece
  • Flourished from 1600-1200 B.C.
  • Migrated from India, Egypt, and other lands
  • Walled-cities for protection
  • Most were farmers living
  • outside of walls
  • Commercial network selling
  • pottery spread from Syria to
  • Italy

10
Mycenaean Warriors
  • Prided themselves on heroic deeds in battle.
  • Evidence of battle through Homers poetry
  • Enormous wealth from war/
  • plunder trade even indoor plumbing

11
Trojan War
  • Famous Mycenaean War
  • Happened around 1200 B.C.
  • Trojan prince had taken
  • Helen, wife of a Greek king.
  • Trojan Horse

12
Dark Ages
  • Dorians
  • Homer
  • Arete
  • The Olympics
  • Religion/ Mythology
  • A Mycenaean Death Mask

13
Dorian Migration
  • Mycenaean Society was destroyed by invaders
    around 1200 B.C.
  • From 1150-750 B.C., distant relatives known as
    the Dorians settled there.
  • They destroyed trade and lost all writing
    (causing the term Dark Ages)
  • Many Greeks left mainland and moved to Ionia

14
End of Dark Ages
  • Iron replaces bronze and for weapons and farming
    tools
  • Phoenician alphabet (24 letters) is adopted and
    makes learning to read and write easier
  • Homers work appears

15
Homer
  • The most famous bard during the Dark Ages.
  • Children had to memorize his work as a way of
    learning history.
  • Explained that Greek society was based on
    agriculture and warrior-aristocracy controlled
    the wealth and the power.
  • Stories carried values that will be appreciated
    through the times, that virtue is better policy
    than vice.-- Odyssey

16
The Iliad Story of Trojan War
  • The Slaying of Hector

17
The OdysseyStory of a Odysseus, a heros journey
home
18
Arete
  • To Strive for excellence, show courage, and win
    fame and honor
  • It is won in a struggle or contest to protect
    family, friends, or your own honor/ reputation
  • Homer the Greeks a model of Arete through his
    epics

19
The Olympics
  • Competition took place in Olympia every four
    years, beginning in 776 B.C.
  • Lasted 5 days
  • Halted all wars
  • Winners crowned with a
  • wreath of olive leaves
  • Real prize was Arete

20
Mount Olympus
21
Gods and Goddesses
22
Gods and Goddesses
  • Very human, with human emotions, but immortal
  • Gathered at Mount Olympus
  • MYTHS stories about gods intended to explain
    mysteries of nature and human existence
  • Religion was closely linked to government and
    polis pride.
About PowerShow.com